Safety and Immune Response of BMS-936559 in HIV-Infected People Taking Combination Antiretroviral Therapy

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02028403
First received: January 3, 2014
Last updated: July 7, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

People infected with HIV may have low levels of the virus in their body, even if they are taking HIV medications. This study will evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) (which is how the body interacts with drugs), and immune response to BMS-936559, a drug that will be administered by an intravenous (IV) infusion, in HIV-infected people receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) who have viral load levels below the limit of detection.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: BMS-936559
Drug: Placebo for BMS-936559
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Immunotherapeutic Activity of an Anti-PD-L1 Antibody (BMS-936559) in HIV-1 Infected Participants on Suppressive cART: A Phase I, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Ascending Single Dose Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of a Grade 3 or greater adverse event (AE), including sign/symptom, lab toxicity, or clinical event that is definitely, probably, or possibly related to study treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    As judged by the core team, blinded to treatment arm; any time from study treatment administration until 28 days after the administration.

  • Occurrence of a Grade 1 or > AE of all incident adrenal insufficiency or adrenal crisis (confirmed), myocarditis, pneumonitis, uveitis, immune-mediated hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, that is definitely, probably, or possibly related to study [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    As judged by the core team, blinded to treatment arm; any time from study treatment administration until 28 days after the administration.

    (Pneumonitis is Category A, B, or C)


  • Frequency of HIV-1 Gag-specific CD8 T-cells by intracellular staining for interferon (IFN)-gamma at baseline and after treatment (through Day 28) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV-1 RNA by single copy assay (SCA) at baseline and after treatment (through Day 28) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • PK parameters from non-compartmental analysis (area under curve [AUC], Cmax, V, Tmax, CL/F, t1/2) [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Exploratory pharmacodynamic parameters (Emax, EC50) [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • HIV-1 DNA at baseline and after treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) receptor occupancy [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of total and HIV-1 gag-specific CD8 T-cells expressing programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), PD-L1, and other exhaustion markers [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CD107a mobilization and carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) dilution of HIV-1 gag-specific CD8 T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Polyfunctionality of HIV-1 specific CD8 and CD4 T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CD38 and human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) expression on CD8 T-cells [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Gene expression profiles in whole blood [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Detection of antibody to study treatment in plasma [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence of a Grade 3 or greater AE, including sign/symptom, lab toxicity, or clinical event that is definitely, probably, or possibly related to study treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    As judged by the core team, blinded to treatment arm; any time greater than or equal to 29 days after the study treatment administration

  • Occurrence of a Grade 1 or > AE of all incident adrenal insufficiency or adrenal crisis (confirmed), myocarditis, pneumonitis, uveitis, immune mediated hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, that is definitely, probably, or possibly related to study [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    As judged by the core team, blinded to treatment arm; any time greater than or equal to 29 days after the study treatment administration

  • 2-long terminal repeat (2LTR) circle DNA at baseline and after treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cell-associated HIV-1 RNA at baseline and after treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • RNA/DNA ratios in total CD4 cells at baseline and after treatment [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Expression of programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) on dendritic cells and monocyte-derived macrophages [ Time Frame: Measured through Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: June 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort 1A: single dose 0.3 mg/kg BMS-936559
Participants will receive 0.3 mg/kg of BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: BMS-936559
0.3 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg of BMS-936559, depending on which cohort participants are enrolled in, administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 1B: single dose placebo for BMS-936559
Participants will receive placebo for BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: Placebo for BMS-936559
Sodium chloride for injection 0.9%, USP, administered as an IV infusion
Experimental: Cohort 2A: single dose 1 mg/kg BMS-936559
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg of BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: BMS-936559
0.3 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg of BMS-936559, depending on which cohort participants are enrolled in, administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 2B: single dose placebo for BMS-936559
Participants will receive placebo for BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: Placebo for BMS-936559
Sodium chloride for injection 0.9%, USP, administered as an IV infusion
Experimental: Cohort 3A: single dose 3 mg/kg BMS-936559
Participants will receive 3 mg/kg of BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: BMS-936559
0.3 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg of BMS-936559, depending on which cohort participants are enrolled in, administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 3B: single dose placebo for BMS-936559
Participants will receive placebo for BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: Placebo for BMS-936559
Sodium chloride for injection 0.9%, USP, administered as an IV infusion
Experimental: Cohort 4A: single dose 10 mg/kg BMS-936559
Participants will receive 10 mg/kg of BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: BMS-936559
0.3 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg of BMS-936559, depending on which cohort participants are enrolled in, administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 4B: single dose placebo for BMS-936559
Participants will receive placebo for BMS-936559, administered as a single infusion once at study entry.
Drug: Placebo for BMS-936559
Sodium chloride for injection 0.9%, USP, administered as an IV infusion

Detailed Description:

People infected with HIV who are taking cART and have low viral load levels may still have reservoirs of HIV remaining in their body. BMS-936559 is a drug that has been studied in previous clinical trials to treat various types of cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, PK, and immunotherapeutic activity of a single dose of BMS-936559 (administered by an IV infusion) in HIV-infected people who are receiving cART and who have viral loads below the limit of detection. Researchers will also evaluate whether BMS-936559 can reduce hidden reservoirs of HIV.

Participants will be enrolled in four cohorts. Within each cohort, participants will be randomly assigned to receive BMS-936559 (Cohort 1: 0.3 mg/kg; Cohort 2: 1 mg/kg; Cohort 3: 3 mg/kg; or Cohort 4: 10 mg/kg) or placebo. The four cohorts will be enrolled sequentially, with researchers reviewing safety data of the cohort before enrolling participants in the next cohort.

Prior to study entry, all participants must have an eye exam. At study entry, participants will undergo a medical and medication history review, physical examination, blood collection, and an electrocardiogram (ECG). Some female participants will have a pregnancy test. All participants will then receive a single IV infusion of their assigned dose of BMS-936559 or placebo. The infusion will occur over a period of 60 minutes, and participants will remain in the clinic for observation for an additional 12 hours. Additional study visits will occur at Days 3, 7, 14, 28, and Weeks 10, 16, 24, 36, and 48. These study visits may include a physical examination, blood collection, adherence assessments, and PK evaluations.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infection, documented by any licensed rapid HIV test or HIV enzyme or chemiluminescence immunoassay (E/CIA) test kit at any time prior to study entry and confirmed by a licensed Western blot or a second antibody test by a method other than the initial rapid HIV and/or E/CIA, or by HIV-1 antigen, plasma HIV-1 RNA assay. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
  • Receiving a stable cART regimen containing at least three agents (not including ritonavir if less than a 200 mg total daily dose) with no changes in the components of their antiretroviral therapy for at least 90 days prior to study entry. NOTE: One of the agents must include an integrase inhibitor, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), or a boosted protease inhibitor (PI).
  • CD4 cell count greater than or equal to 350 cells/mm^3 obtained within 90 days prior to study entry at any U.S. laboratory that has a clinical laboratory improvement amendments (CLIA) certification or its equivalent
  • Plasma HIV-1 RNA below detected limit obtained by Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved assays (limit of detection: 75, 50, 40, or 20) for greater than or equal to 2 years on cART. Participants must have at least one documented HIV-1 RNA less than the limit of detection 12-24 months prior to screening and one HIV-1 RNA less than the limit of detection within 12 months prior to screening. NOTE: A single unconfirmed plasma HIV-1 RNA greater than the limit of detection but less than 1,000 copies/mL is allowed if followed by HIV-1 RNA below detectable limits, but none in the 6 months prior to screening.
  • Plasma HIV-1 RNA level of less than 40 copies/mL obtained by the Abbott m2000 assay or less than 20 copies/mL by the Roche Taqman v2.0 assay within 90 days prior to entry. The protocol team should be notified as soon as possible if the HIV-1 RNA level is above the limit of detection for either assay.
  • Plasma HIV-1 RNA greater than or equal to 0.4 copies/mL by single copy assay (SCA) within 90 days prior to entry
  • The following laboratory values obtained within 60 days prior to entry by any U.S. laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1,000 cells/mm^3
    • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 14.0 g/dL for men and greater than or equal to 12.0 g/dL for women
    • Platelet count greater than or equal to 75,000/mm^3
    • Creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation. NOTE: A program for calculating creatinine clearance by the Cockcroft-Gault method is available on www.fstrf.org.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • A.M. cortisol within normal limits
    • Fasting blood sugar within normal limits
    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.6 x ULN. NOTE: If the participant is on an atazanavir-containing therapy then a direct bilirubin should be measured instead of the total bilirubin and must be less than or equal to 1.0 mg/dL.
  • The following laboratory values obtained within 90 days prior to entry by any U.S. laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent:

    • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free T4 level within normal limits
    • Hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c) within normal limits
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody negative result within 90 days prior to study entry or, if the HCV antibody result is positive, a negative HCV RNA result prior to study entry. Participants who have received HCV treatment in the last 5 years will be excluded.
  • Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) result obtained within 90 days prior to study entry
  • Karnofsky performance score greater than or equal to 90 within 60 days prior to entry
  • Documentation of the availability of the stored pre-entry plasma specimens for HIV-1 RNA SCA determination and stored pre-entry peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) specimens for CD8 T-cell assays. Sites must receive confirmation from the processing lab via phone, e-mail, or fax, that specimens have been entered into the AIDS Clinical Trials Group's (ACTG's) Laboratory Data Management System (LDMS).
  • Ability and willingness of participant or legal guardian/representative to provide informed consent
  • Ability and willingness of participant to continue cART throughout the study
  • Ability to construct a fully active alternative cART regimen in the event of virologic failure on the current ART regimen
  • An ophthalmology exam within 180 days prior to entry and a copy of the results of the exam. NOTE: Exams done for routine clinical care are permissible provided a medical record of the exam is available.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of malignancy within the last 5 years or current malignancy requiring cytotoxic therapy. NOTE: A history of non-melanoma skin cancer (e.g., basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell skin cancer) is not exclusionary.
  • History of HIV-related opportunistic infections within the last 5 years. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
  • Current chronic, acute, or recurrent bacterial, fungal, or viral (other than HIV) infections that are serious, in the opinion of the site investigator, and required systemic therapy within 30 days prior to entry
  • History of or active autoimmune disorders including but not limited to inflammatory bowel diseases, scleroderma, severe psoriasis, myocarditis, uveitis, pneumonitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, optic neuritis, myasthenia gravis, adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism and/or hyperthyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis, or sarcoidosis. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
  • History of inflammatory disorders of the eye including uveitis (iritis, endophthalmitis, scleritis, retinitis - including viral or other infectious retinitis) and chronic or recurrent post-operative inflammation. NOTE: A history of self-limited conjunctivitis, blepharitis, or hordeolum (stye) are NOT exclusions.
  • Previous ocular treatment with silicone oil tamponade (for complex retinal detachment)
  • Intraocular surgery within 90 days prior to entry or the anticipated need for intraocular surgery during the course of the study
  • Intraocular laser or cryotherapy within 90 days prior to entry or the anticipated need for intraocular laser or cryotherapy during the course of the study
  • Evidence on eye exam of active or previous ocular inflammation or uveitis
  • Previous history of serious ocular trauma (e.g., penetrating trauma of the eye)
  • Severe cataract or other ocular abnormality that precludes adequate examination of the posterior chamber and fundus
  • Active infection or inflammation of the eye within 30 days prior to entry that requires systemic or topical therapy or, in the opinion of the site investigator, would complicate on-study evaluation and patient safety. NOTE: A history of self-limited allergic conjunctivitis is NOT an exclusion. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
  • Immune deficiency other than HIV
  • Breastfeeding
  • Known allergy/sensitivity or any hypersensitivity to components of BMS-936559 (anti-PD-L1) or its formulation
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • Acute or serious illness, in the opinion of the site investigator, requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 30 days prior to entry
  • Use of immunomodulators (e.g., interleukins, interferons, cyclosporine), HIV vaccine, systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, or investigational therapy within 60 days prior to study entry. NOTE: Participants receiving stable physiologic glucocorticoid doses, defined as prednisone less than or equal to 10 mg/day or the equivalent, will not be excluded. Stable physiologic glucocorticoid doses should not be discontinued for the duration of the study. In addition, participants receiving inhaled or topical corticosteroids will not be excluded.
  • Intent to use immunomodulators (e.g., IL-2, IL-12, interferons, or tumor necrosis factor [TNF] modifiers) during the course of the study
  • Any vaccination within 30 days prior to screening, pre-entry, or entry. Individuals who require vaccination will delay screening until 30 days post-vaccination.
  • Current HCV antiviral therapy or participants who have received HCV treatment in the last 5 years
  • Positive tuberculosis (TB) purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test or interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) at screening. NOTE: Participants with a prior positive PPD or IGRA who have not completed prophylaxis treatment will be excluded.
  • Women of reproductive potential. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
  • History of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Type I and type II diabetes mellitus
  • Participants weighing less than 50 kg or greater than 200 kg. NOTE: For participants weighing between 50 kg to 52.9 kg, sites must consult with the A5326 protocol team prior to enrollment. The allowable blood volume to be drawn in an 8-week period for these participants may be less than participants weighing greater than or equal to 53 kg.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02028403

Locations
United States, Alabama
Alabama CRS Not yet recruiting
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Contact: Karen Savage, R.N., B.S.N.    205-975-7925    kgsavage@uab.edu   
United States, California
Ucsf Hiv/Aids Crs Not yet recruiting
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
Contact: Jay Dwyer    415-476-4082 ext 353    jdwyer@php.ucsf.edu   
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Hospital CRS Not yet recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Mary Graham Ray, R.N., M.S.N.    303-724-0712    graham.ray@ucdenver.edu   
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital CRS (MGH CRS) Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Theresa Flynn, R.N., M.S.N., A.N.P., B.S.N.    617-724-0072    tflynn@partners.org   
Brigham and Women's Hospital Therapeutics Clinical Research Site (BWH TCRS) CRS Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Cheryl E. Keenan, R.N.    617-732-5635    ckeenan2@partners.org   
United States, Missouri
Washington University Therapeutics (WT) CRS Not yet recruiting
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110-1010
Contact: Michael K. Klebert, R.N.,C., Ph.D., A.N.P., BCP    314-747-1098    mklebert@dom.wustl.edu   
United States, North Carolina
Chapel Hill CRS Not yet recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Susan Pedersen    919-966-6713    spederse@med.unc.edu   
Greensboro CRS Not yet recruiting
Greensboro, North Carolina, United States, 27401
Contact: Kim Epperson, R.N., B.S.N., CRC    336-832-3262    kim.epperson@conehealth.com   
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati CRS Not yet recruiting
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
Contact: Tammy Miller, R.N., A.C.R.N.    513-584-8373    tammy.miller@uc.edu   
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn Therapeutics, CRS Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Joseph Quinn, R.N., B.S.N.    215-349-8093    joseph.quinn@uphs.upenn.edu   
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Therapeutics (VT) CRS Not yet recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37204
Contact: Deborah Sutherland, R.N., B.S.N., C.C.R.P.    615-936-8516    deborah.sutherland@vanderbilt.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Joseph Eron Jr., MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02028403     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5326, 11921
Study First Received: January 3, 2014
Last Updated: July 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014