Trial record 2 of 9 for:    Lymphocytopenia | Open Studies | NIH, U.S. Fed

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization in Idiopathic CD4 Lymphocytopenia Patients and Healthy Controls for the Study of T Cell Maturation and Trafficking in Murine Models

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified September 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02015013
First received: December 13, 2013
Last updated: September 26, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a rare syndrome defined by consistently low CD4 T cell counts (< 300/mm3) without evidence of HIV infection or other known immunodeficiency. Patients with ICL are at risk for opportunistic infections typically associated with HIV/AIDS such as disseminated cryptococcal infection and severe human papillomavirus-related dysplasia. More than 20 years since the description of ICL, its etiology, pathogenesis, and management remain unclear. In this study we propose to administer the combination of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and plerixafor to ICL patients and healthy volunteers with the objective of harvesting mobilized CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) by apheresis for transfer into immunocompromised mice and for study with in vitro assays. The mice studies would serve to investigate thymic development, survival, and trafficking of the mobilized human cells within murine lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs.

HPCs are used for various therapies and there is an increasing use of agents that stimulate the bone marrow to produce progenitor cells and move them into the bloodstream where they may be harvested by apheresis. Not all patients respond to GCSF with vigorous HPC mobilization. The binding of chemokine receptor CXCR4 to stromal cell derived factor (SDF-1 or CXCL12) is an important interaction between a hematopoietic progenitor cell and its marrow environment. Plerixafor is a CXCR4 inhibitor which blocks binding to SDF-1 resulting in the release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+) into peripheral circulation. In pharmacodynamic studies of plerixafor in conjunction with G-CSF compared to G-CSF and placebo, a two-fold increase in CD34+ cell count was observed.

Due to the important role CXCR4 plays in immune cell trafficking and its potential role in the pathogenesis of ICL, we propose as a secondary objective to assess peripheral CD4 T cell and CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cell numbers and functions in ICL patients compared to controls following G-CSF and plerixafor administration.

Study participants will be screened within 12 weeks prior to the study period. Eligible participants will receive G-CSF for 5 days with hospitalization on Day 4 for plerixafor injection followed by apheresis on Day 5. Participants will return for examinations and blood draws on Days 8 and 12.


Condition
T-Lymphocytopenia, Idiopathic CD4-Positive

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization in Idiopathic CD4 Lymphocytopenia Patients and Healthy Controls for the Study of T Cell Maturation and Trafficking in Murine Models

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • to assess peripheral CD4 T cell and CD34 plus hematopoietic progenitor cell numbers and functions in ICL patients compared to controls following G-CSF and plerixafor administration. [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: November 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a rare syndrome defined by consistently low CD4 T cell counts (< 300/mm3) without evidence of HIV infection or other known immunodeficiency. Patients with ICL are at risk for opportunistic infections typically associated with HIV/AIDS such as disseminated cryptococcal infection and severe human papillomavirus-related dysplasia. More than 20 years since the description of ICL, its etiology, pathogenesis, and management remain unclear. In this study we propose to administer the combination of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and plerixafor to ICL patients and healthy volunteers with the objective of harvesting mobilized CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) by apheresis for transfer into immunocompromised mice and for study with in vitro assays. The mice studies would serve to investigate thymic development, survival, and trafficking of the mobilized human cells within murine lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs.

HPCs are used for various therapies and there is an increasing use of agents that stimulate the bone marrow to produce progenitor cells and move them into the bloodstream where they may be harvested by apheresis. Not all patients respond to GCSF with vigorous HPC mobilization. The binding of chemokine receptor CXCR4 to stromal cell derived factor (SDF-1 or CXCL12) is an important interaction between a hematopoietic progenitor cell and its marrow environment. Plerixafor is a CXCR4 inhibitor which blocks binding to SDF-1 resulting in the release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+) into peripheral circulation. In pharmacodynamic studies of plerixafor in conjunction with G-CSF compared to G-CSF and placebo, a two-fold increase in CD34+ cell count was observed.

Due to the important role CXCR4 plays in immune cell trafficking and its potential role in the pathogenesis of ICL, we propose as a secondary objective to assess peripheral CD4 T cell and CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cell numbers and functions in ICL patients compared to controls following G-CSF and plerixafor administration.

Study participants will be screened within 12 weeks prior to the study period. Eligible participants will receive G-CSF for 5 days with hospitalization on Day 4 for plerixafor injection followed by apheresis on Day 5. Participants will return for examinations and blood draws on Days 8 and 12.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA

ICL patients:

  1. Documented history of idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia as defined by CD4 T cell count < 300 cells/microL or < 20% of total T lymphocytes on 2 occasions at least 6 weeks apart in the absence of any illness or medications accounting for CD4 lymphocytopenia. Although the protocol will primarily enroll ICL patients who are lymphopenic at the time of enrollment, up to three patients who had clear documentation of ICL in the past and are currently not lymphopenic may still be enrolled for comparative purposes.
  2. Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL
  3. Human T-lymphotropic virus Type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 seronegative

Healthy volunteers: white blood cell count > 2500/mm(3) and hemoglobin greater than or equal to 12.5 g/dL

ICL patients and healthy volunteers:

  1. Age 18-65 years
  2. Weight at least 50 kg but less than 167 kg and < 175% ideal body weight (due to lack of data regarding appropriate dosing of plerixafor)
  3. Ability to give informed consent
  4. Capacity and willingness to adhere to study procedures, including scheduled follow-up visits
  5. Willingness to have blood samples stored for future research
  6. Willingness to undergo genetic testing
  7. Willingness to be hospitalized for approximately 24 hours
  8. Established primary care provider
  9. HIV-1 and HIV-2 seronegativity and plasma HIV-1 RNA PCR below the limit of detection
  10. Adequate venous access to allow leukapheresis without use of a central line
  11. Participant agrees to be heterosexually inactive or consistently use effective birth control (e.g., barrier methods, oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, vasesctomy) for the duration of study participation and for approximately 8 weeks after the last dose of G-CSF. This is necessary for both male and female participants.
  12. For women of childbearing potential:

    1. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Active uncontrolled infection at the time of enrollment
  2. Current autoimmune conditions requiring systemic (oral, injection, or other parenteral) therapy
  3. History of vasculitis
  4. Current or history of hematologic or lymphoid malignancy (leukemia)
  5. History of splenomegaly or current splenomegaly on exam or ultrasound (for ICL patients)
  6. History of hypersensitivity to plerixafor and/or G-CSF
  7. Systemic immune-modulatory agent within the past 6 months
  8. Thrombocytopenia (platelets < 100,000 cells/microL)
  9. Hepatitis B and C seropositivity (HBsAg positive and anti-HCV positive) Need for anticoagulant medication (e.g., warfarin, heparin), other than aspirin, clopidogrel, or other antiplatelet agent
  10. Creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min including end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis
  11. Symptomatic coronary artery disease
  12. Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., resting systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHg or resting diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg) despite pharmacologic antihypertensive treatment confirmed with a second blood pressure measurement done later on the same day
  13. Cardiac, pulmonary, thyroid, renal, hepatic, neurological (central or peripheral) disease or disorder of hemostasis requiring therapy and considered to be significant by the protocol team
  14. Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  15. Currently receiving Lithium due to contraindication of co-administration of G-CSF with lithium
  16. Past or current psychiatric illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with protocol adherence or the ability to give written informed consent
  17. Any illness or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, may substantially increase the risk associated with participation in the study or compromise the scientific objectives
  18. Participation in a clinical protocol which includes an intervention that, in the opinion of the investigator, may affect the results of the current study
  19. Previous history of anaphylactic reaction to aspirin or other NSAIDS
  20. Female of child-bearing potential who is breast-feeding.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02015013

Contacts
Contact: Gregg A Roby, R.N. (301) 435-8008
Contact: Virginia M Sheikh, M.D. (301) 435-7939 sheikhv@niaid.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Virginia M Sheikh, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02015013     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 140020, 14-I-0020
Study First Received: December 13, 2013
Last Updated: September 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Leukapheresis
Progenitor Cells

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphopenia
T-Lymphocytopenia, Idiopathic CD4-Positive
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Leukocyte Disorders
Leukopenia

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014