A Phase II Study Evaluating the Role of Androgen Receptors as Targets for Therapy of Pre-treated Post-menopausal Patients With ER/PgR-negative/AR-positive or ER and/or PgRpositive/ AR-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (ARTT)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2013 by Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02000375
First received: November 21, 2013
Last updated: November 26, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

Title: A phase II non randomized study evaluating the role of Androgen Receptors as Targets for therapy of pre-treated postmenopausal patients with ER/PgR-negative/AR-positive or ER and/or PgR-positive/AR-positive metastatic breast cancer.

Short Title / Acronym: ARTT

Protocol Code: IRST174.08

Phase: Phase II "proof of principle"

Study Design: Multicentric, Open-label not randomized trial.

Description of Study Treatment:

Daily oral administration of DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) at the dosage of 100 mg/die in combination with a daily oral administration of anastrozole at dosage of 1 mg/die or letrozole at the dosage of 2.5 mg/die or exemestane at the dosage of 25 mg/die without interruption until discontinuation for progression of disease, unacceptable toxicity or discontinuation/withdrawal of participants from study treatment.

Number of Subjects:

12 patients per group in the first step; if the number of responders is greater or equal to 2, recruitment will continue up to a total of 35 patients (per group).

Objectives:

Primary: to investigate the efficacy (evaluated as clinical benefit) of treatment of DHEA in combination with an aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole or letrozole or exemestane) in metastatic breast cancer.

Secondary: safety of treatment, quality of life (QOL) of patients and evaluation of time-to event endpoints (Time to Progression - TTP, Overall Survival - OS, Duration of Response - DOR).

For the biological part, we will evaluate:

  1. Correlation between AR expression and clinical and biological features (tumor size, nodal status, histotype, grading, proliferative index, ER, PgR, HER2)
  2. Evaluation of AR expression on primitive and/or metastatic site in the two distinct populations of patients: ER/PgR- negative/ARpositive and ER-positive and/or PgR-positive/AR-positive
  3. Evaluation of ER, PgR, HER2 expression on tumor cells of metastatic site (when it is possible) and comparison with the same features of primitive tumor.
  4. CTCs analysis in term of molecular characteristics (gene expression and mutations) and functionality (vitality and tumorigenicity).
  5. Prognostic and predictive role of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) evaluated at baseline before study treatment and at the moment of discontinuation of treatment.

Statistical Considerations:

The sample size required for each treatment arm will be predicted using a SIMON two-stage design with a 10 percent alpha and beta error.

Assuming an acceptable minimum clinical benefit P0 equal to 10 percent and an auspicious clinical benefit P1 equal to 30 percent, we plan to recruit 12 patients per group in the first step.

If the number of responders is greater or equal to 2, recruitment will continue up to a total of 35 patients (per group).

If the number of responders is greater or equal to 6, the combination will be considered active and worthy of further evaluation.

If a subgroup population is discontinued at the end of the first step, the study will be continued with the other subgroup.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pre-treated Postmenopausal Patients With ER/PgR-negative/AR-positive or ER
and/or PgR-positive/AR-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Drug: DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Non Randomized Study Evaluating the Role of Androgen Receptors as Targets for Therapy of Pre-treated Post-menopausal Patients With ER/PgR-negative/AR-positive or ER and/or PgRpositive/ AR-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (ARTT)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical benefit rate (CB) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    the proportion of patients with stability, partial response and complete response of the disease after 4 months of therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to tumor progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    It is defined as the time from randomization until objective tumor progression NOT including death.

  • Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time from the date of response documentation to the date of disease progression documentation.

  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time from the date of randomization to date of death from any cause.

  • Quality of life Quality of life Quality of life Quality of life [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FACT ( Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy ) -B : a 36-item compilation, subdivided into four primary QOL (Quality of life) domains and a disease specific domain - additional concerns for breast cancer.

  • Correlation between AR expression and clinical and biological features [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Immunohistochemistry for steroid receptors. Antigen expression is evaluated at light microscope (x 200) by two independent observers.

    The positivity is expressed as the percentage ratio between immunoreactive and total number of tumor cells. The cut off value > 10%for AR will be adopted.


  • Evaluation of AR expression on primitive and/or metastatic site in the two distinct populations of patients ( ER/PgR- negative/ARpositive and ER-positive and/or PgR-positive/AR-positive) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Immunohistochemistry for steroid receptors. Antigen expression is evaluated at light microscope (x 200) by two independent observers.

    The positivity is expressed as the percentage ratio between immunoreactive and total number of tumor cells. The cut off value > 10%for AR will be adopted.


  • Evaluation of ER, PgR, HER2 expression on tumor cells of metastatic sites (when it is possible) and comparison with the same features of the the primary site. [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Immunohistochemistry for steroid receptors. Antigen expression is evaluated at light microscope (x 200) by two independent observers.

    The positivity is expressed as the percentage ratio between immunoreactive and total number of tumor cells. The cut off value > 10%for AR will be adopted.


  • Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) analysis [Optionally, only for patients enrolled at IRCCS IRST of Meldola and who signed additional informed consent ] [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzing 15-20 ml peripheral blood (PB). The blood collection will be taken before starting treatment at baseline and at the end of treatment.

  • Safety [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Assessed by collecting adverse events (AE) and serious adverse events (SAE) during the course of the study.


Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: March 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Single Arm
Daily oral administration of DHEA at the dosage of 100 mg/die in combination with a daily oral administration of anastrozole at dosage of 1 mg/die or letrozole at the dosage of 2.5 mg/die or exemestane at the dosage of 25 mg/die without interruption.
Drug: DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histological-documented diagnosis of invasive breast cancer.
  2. Clinical diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer.
  3. AR receptor positivity of primary tumor cells or tumor cells of a metastatic site is required. It is strongly recommended that 4 unstained and freshly cut 3-4 μ slides from the primary tumor (or metastatic if the primary is not available) be submitted for IRCCS IRST Laboratorio di Bioscienze for confirmation of AR eligibility; however, if that is not possible, a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block will be submitted .

    Tumors with ≥10% positively nuclear-stained cells by immunohistochemistry (IHC) are considered positive for AR.

  4. Primary tumor cells or tumor cells of a metastatic site can be ER-positive and/or PgRpositive or ER-negative/PgR-negative . Hormone receptor positivity is defined as ER and/or PgR greater than 10 fmol/mg by biochemical assay or greater or equal than 10 percent positive cells by immunohistochemistry.
  5. Primary tumor cells or tumor cells of a metastatic site must be HER2 negative.
  6. Measurable disease, defined in accord to RECIST criteria (version 1.1) as

    1. at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >10 mm with CT scan or MRI (if slice thickness no grater than 5 mm. If slice thicknesses grater than 5 mm the minimum size miserable lesions at baseline should be twice the slice thickness of baseline scans)
    2. to be considered pathologically enlarged and measurable, a lymph node must be ≥ 15 mm in short axis when assessed by CT scan or MRI (if slice thickness no grater than 5 mm. If slice thicknesses grater than 5 mm the minimum size miserable nodes at baseline).
  7. In case of ER-pos disease, previous endocrine treatment in adjuvant or metastatic setting is required and patients must be resistant to aromatase inhibitors that means:

    • AI in adjuvant setting: patients should have been treated for at least 1 year and have had a recurrence during this treatment or in the first year after finishing adjuvant treatment
    • AI in advanced disease: patients must have received the AI lasting at least 6 months, during which patients must have achieved a tumor response or stabilization ,and have had an objective progression during treatment
  8. No more than 2 previous lines of chemotherapy for ER-pos tumors and not more than 3 lines of chemotherapy for ER-neg tumors are allowed
  9. Post-menopausal status defined as:

    1. Patients of any age who have had a bilateral oophorectomy (including radiation castration)
    2. Patients 56 years old or older. If the patient has any evidence of ovarian function, biochemical evidence of definite postmenopausal status (defined as estradiol, LH, and FSH in the postmenopausal range) is required.
    3. Patients 55 years old or younger without period in the last 12 month or with biochemical evidence of definite postmenopausal status (defined as estradiol, LH, and FSH in the postmenopausal range).
  10. At least 18 years of age
  11. Life expectancy greater of 12 weeks
  12. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status ≤ 2
  13. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes >3,000/mL
    • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/mL
    • platelets >100,000/mL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <2.5 X institutional ULN
    • creatinine within normal institutional limits OR
    • creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  14. Patients must exhibit capability of swallow tablets
  15. Patients must exhibit compliance with an oral treatment
  16. Patients must exhibit geographic proximity that allows regular access to the Institute for clinical and instrumental examinations is required
  17. Participants must be willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. AR-receptor negativity of primary tumor cells or tumor cells of a metastatic site. AR is reported as negative if less than 10% of cells immunostained in a tumor.
  2. HER2 positivity of primary tumor cells or tumor cells of a metastatic site
  3. Physician opinion of a too rapid disease progression (like disease widespread in visceral organs like liver or lung in few months) that could suggest the physician a more benefit from chemotherapy treatment even if eligibility criteria for enrollment are satisfied
  4. Chemotherapy administration within 3 weeks prior to start of protocol therapy or not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier
  5. Brain metastasis not treated or in progression requiring treatment (radiotherapy, surgery or high dose steroidal and antiedemigen treatment) in the 2 weeks prior to start of protocol therapy. Patients with brain metastasis as unique site of metastasis are excluded
  6. Have received supplement of estrogen or progesterone within 4 weeks prior to study enter
  7. Major surgery during the 21 days before before starting of protocol therapy or planned during the study treatment
  8. Other detectable malignant neoplastic diseases (even a second primitive breast cancer) in the patient's medical history with a disease-free interval of less than 5 years (except for previously treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin and in situ carcinoma of the uterine cervix)
  9. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  10. Participation in another clinical trial with any investigational agents within 3 weeks prior to study screening
  11. Previous treatment with androgens or DHEA. Previous treatment with AI is required in case of ER+ and/or PgR positive tumors
  12. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to DHEA or AI
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02000375

Contacts
Contact: Oriana Dr. Nanni, PhD +390543739266 o.nanni@irst.emr.it

Locations
Italy
Irccs Irst Recruiting
Meldola, FC, Italy, 47014
Contact: Elisabetta Dr.ssa Pietri, MD    +390543739100    e.pietri@irst.emr.it   
Principal Investigator: Elisabetta Dr.ssa Pietri, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02000375     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRST174.08, 2012-003510-13
Study First Received: November 21, 2013
Last Updated: November 26, 2013
Health Authority: Italy: Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Androgens
Dehydroepiandrosterone
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014