Efficacy and Safety of High Dose Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James Garbutt, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01980706
First received: October 28, 2013
Last updated: July 7, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The proposed study will carefully test the hypothesis that a robust dose of baclofen (90 mg/day) has efficacy and is safe in individuals with alcohol dependence. Furthermore, the proposal will test whether an indicator of physical dependence, i.e. drinks/drinking day, predicts response to baclofen. Additionally, the proposal will examine the anti-anxiety effects of baclofen within an alcohol dependent population and ascertain whether baseline levels of anxiety predict response to baclofen.


Condition Intervention Phase
Alcoholism
Drug: Baclofen
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of High Dose Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean % Heavy Drinking Days [ Time Frame: Every 1-2 weeks up to 107 days of active trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean % Abstinent Drinking Days [ Time Frame: Every 1-2 weeks up to 107 days of active trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Anxiety level based on Spielberger Scale for State Anxiety [ Time Frame: Every 1-2 weeks up to 107 days of active trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported sedation. [ Time Frame: Every 1-2 weeks up to 107 days of active trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: November 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will take placebo for 107 days, 3 times per day. Placebo will be given in blister packs.
Drug: Placebo
Pill containing no pharmacologically active substance.
Other Name: Sugar pill
Active Comparator: 30 Mg Baclofen
Participants will take baclofen/placebo for 107 days, 3 times per day. Baclofen will be given in blister packs. The 30 mg/d arm will reach 30 mg/d at day 3 and titrate down starting at day 101.
Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen is a GABA-B agonist
Other Name: Lioresol
Active Comparator: 90 mg Baclofen
Participants will take baclofen/placebo for 107 days, 3 times per day. Baclofen will be given in blister packs. The 90 mg/d arm will reach 90 mg/d at day 12 and titrate down starting at day 101.
Drug: Baclofen
Baclofen is a GABA-B agonist
Other Name: Lioresol

Detailed Description:

Alcohol dependence (AD) is a common problem with significant health consequences. Treatment of AD is evolving to include both counseling methods and medications. Several medications have been discovered, that show efficacy in AD, e.g. naltrexone, acamprosate. However, the overall effect of existing medications is modest leaving a clear need for the development of new pharmacotherapies. The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-B receptor agonist baclofen has attracted attention as a potential new medication for AD based on preclinical data and early clinical trials. Baclofen is an FDA approved medication with an excellent safety profile even for patients with liver cirrhosis—a not uncommon consequence of AD. Questions have arisen with regards to the efficacy of baclofen and whether higher doses of baclofen are safe and more effective than the prior tested dose of 30 mg/ day. There is emerging evidence that severity of dependence is positively associated with baclofen response. The main goal of the present proposal is to test the efficacy and safety of 30 mg/d and 90 mg/d of baclofen compared to placebo controlling for severity of dependence as assessed by drinks/drinking day. A primary secondary goal will examine for an anxiolytic effect of baclofen. The study proposes to enroll 120 men and women with AD in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to include at least 60 individuals with more severe AD (≥14 drinks/drinking day for men; ≥10 drinks/drinking day for women) with randomization to baclofen or placebo balanced for this variable. Baclofen will be titrated to 10 mg t.i.d over 3 days and to 30 mg t.i.d over 12 days and maintained at that level for 12 weeks and then downtitrated for a total study time of 16 weeks. Medical Management will be provided to encourage progress towards drinking goals and to enhance retention and compliance. Drinking patterns, anxiety levels, sleep patterns, craving for alcohol, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and carbohydrate deficient transferring (CDT) will be assessed. Trough blood levels of R & S-baclofen will be assessed in all individuals at week 4.

In summary, the present proposal is innovative and of clinical significance as it will test and compare standard and high-dose baclofen for efficacy and safety in individuals with AD. The proposal is adequately powered to test the primary hypothesis and provides good power to assess whether drinks/drinking day is predictive of baclofen response. Adequate power is also present to examine the anxiolytic effect of baclofen. Ascertaining the effects of standard and high-dose baclofen, the predictive value of heavy drinking on baclofen response and the anxiolytic effect of baclofen are important goals towards determining whether baclofen has true value for the clinical management of the patient with alcohol dependence.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Men and women between the ages of 18 and 65 meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-IV criteria for current alcohol dependence.
  2. More than 14 drinks (women) or 21 drinks (men) per week including at least 2 heavy drinking days (men > 5 drinks/day; women > 4 drinks/day) per week in the 30-day period prior to screening. In addition we will recruit 50% of individuals who have a mean of ≥14 drinks/drinking day (men) or ≥10 drinks/drinking day (women) in the 30 days prior to screening.
  3. Ability to understand and sign written informed consent.
  4. Must have a 0.0 gms/dL breathalyzer reading on the day of screening and 0.0 gms/dL on the day of randomization.
  5. Express a desire to achieve abstinence or to greatly reduce alcohol consumption
  6. Must have a stable residence and be able to identify an individual who could contact participant if needed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinically significant medical disease that might interfere with the evaluation of the study medication or present a safety concern (e.g., renal insufficiency, cirrhosis, unstable hypertension, diabetes mellitus, seizure disorder). Clinically significant psychiatric illness including any psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, severe depression, or suicidal ideation.
  2. Other substance abuse or dependence disorder other than nicotine or alcohol or cannabis abuse.

    Occasional use of cocaine is acceptable.

  3. Concurrent use of any psychotropic medication including antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, stimulants, or hypnotics with the exception of stable doses of antidepressants for one month. Concurrent use of anticonvulsants, insulin, or oral hypoglycemics.
  4. Prior history of adverse reaction to baclofen.
  5. Creatinine level > Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) or Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate < age norm.
  6. aspartate aminotransferase (AST), or alanine transaminasse (ALT) > 5 times ULN or bilirubin > 1.5 X ULN.
  7. Positive urine toxicology screen with the exception of cannabis. Individuals with positive cannabis screens will be excluded only if they have a history of cannabis dependence.
  8. Pregnant women and women of childbearing potential who do not practice a medically acceptable form of birth control (oral or depot contraceptive, or barrier methods such as diaphragm or condom with spermicidal).
  9. Women who are breastfeeding.
  10. Individuals requiring inpatient treatment or more intense outpatient treatment for their alcohol dependence.
  11. Participation in any clinical trial within the past 60 days.
  12. Court-mandated participation in alcohol treatment or pending incarceration.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01980706

Contacts
Contact: Melissa D Stansbury, BS 919-966-0011 mstansbu@med.unu.edu
Contact: James C Garbutt, MD 919-966-4652 jc_garbutt@med.unc.edu

Locations
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Melissa Stansbury    919-966-0011    mstansbu@med.unc.edu   
Principal Investigator: James C Garbutt, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James C Garbutt, MD University of North Carolina
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: James Garbutt, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, UNC-Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01980706     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-1743
Study First Received: October 28, 2013
Last Updated: July 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
Baclofen
Alcohol Dependence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcoholism
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Baclofen
GABA-B Receptor Agonists
GABA Agonists
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Muscle Relaxants, Central
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014