Effect of Exercise on Patients With Claudication Undergoing Surgery
Title: How does exercise improve the calf muscle in patients with poor blood supply to their leg?
Purpose of the project: Patients with peripheral arterial disease have a poor blood supply to their lower leg. The reduced inflow prevents the leg from utilising nutrients and oxygen as easily as a healthy leg would. This causes pain when walking (intermittent claudication), which often occurs after a reproducible distance e.g. every 50 yards. These patients have a reduction in their quality of life as they feel embarrassed in social situations e.g. walking around town requires multiple breaks, so they tend to avoid this and isolate themselves more.
One treatment for claudication is exercising until the pain comes on; which most are reluctant to do. Walking up to three times a week for an hour, can double most people's walking distances, but doesn't always. The reason why some improve with exercise and others do not remains unknown.
This project will be the first randomised controlled trial of exercise in claudicants that focuses on the adaptations that occur in the muscle at a cellular level. We wish to compare muscle cells from a group that have exercised and group that have not. We will focus on the change in muscle cell size and function at present, and later progress to why and how this happens.
Methods: We will take measurements at the start of the study (baseline), after 6 weeks and then 3, 6 and 12 months. These measurements will be of a patient's fitness, actual walking distances and blood samples. At the time of surgery, muscle from the calf will be taken from the affected leg. This will be processed at the University's biomedical science department to look at the different types of muscle fibre and how efficiently they are working.
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Procedure: Supervised Exercise program
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomised Controlled Trial to Analyse the Histological, Physiological and Haemorrheological Adaptations to Supervised Exercise Training in Claudicants|
- Measurement of cardiovascular ability as recorded by their anaerobic threshold and peak VO2 after 6 weeks of exercise training or standard care [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patients will undergo cardiopulmonary exercise testing to assess whether a 6 week exercise programme improves the cardiovascular fitness
- Measure the changes in muscle fibre type with exercise training or standard care [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Histological analysis to measure the percentage of different types of muscle fibres, and how these are affected by 6 weeks of exercise compared to standard treatment.
- Measurement of endothelial function after a period or exercise therapy or standard care [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To identify if 6 weeks of exercise improves the endothelial function.
- Measurement of inflammatory markers with exercise treatment or standard care [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To identify whether 6 weeks of exercise therapy improves inflammatory markers
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Supervised Exercise Program||Procedure: Supervised Exercise program|
|Contact: Romesh Sarvanandan, MBBS MRCSfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Hull Royal Infirmary||Recruiting|
|Hull, United Kingdom, HU3 2JZ|
|Contact: Romesh Sarvanandan, MBBS MRCS 01482674643 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Romesh Sarvanandan, MBBS MRCS|
|Principal Investigator:||Romesh Sarvanandan, MBBS MRCS||Hull York Medical School/ University of Hull/ Hull and East Yorkshire NHS Trust|