Perfusion Scanning's for Kidney Tumors
To investigate the ability of perfusion CT/US-scanning to facilitate recognition of different tumour sub-types in small renal masses less than 7 cm by non-invasive imagining technology.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Perfusion Scanning's for Kidney Tumors|
- To recognize different subtype's renal tumor by non invasive scanning. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A perfusion scanning will be performed prior to nephrectomy and the curve of contrast perfusion to the tumor and normal kidney will be compared according to histological finding
|Study Start Date:||December 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
There is no intervention on this descriptive study
The number of diagnoses of renal cell carcinoma has increased over the past two decades because of the incidental detection of small renal tumours resulting from increased use of computed tomography [1,2]. There are distinct subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and the biological aggressiveness and prognoses for these subtypes have been documented. Clear-cell RCC is the most common RCC subtype, followed by papillary RCC, chromophobe RCC and unclassified RCC. Collecting duct carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant type of RCC. Although most enhancing renal masses in adults are RCC, a significant percentage are benign (commonly oncocytoma), and these benign tumours cannot be distinguished from malignant tumours based on our standard imaging technology alone.
Benign primary renal masses include simple renal cysts, psuedotumours, angiomyolipomas, oncocytomas, juxtaglomerular tumours, multilocular cystic nephromas, mesoblastic nephromas and papillary adenomas. In a recent surgical series of 228 patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy with lesions ≤4 cm, 26.3% were benign . The relatively high percentage of patients with benign renal cortical neoplasms who undergo surgery highlights the importance of new diagnostic technology in avoiding over-treatment.
Ultrasound (US) and CT scanning guided biopsy is the most commonly used method to diagnosis RCC. The sensitivity of biopsy for small masses (≤3 cm) is lower than for large masses . Sensitivity is limited by false-negative results, which are due to a failure to properly target a small mass or the presence of impossible-to-differentiate benign from malignant cells due to insufficient cells, morphological overlap or cellular heterogeneity. Non diagnostic biopsy is not necessary benign, as repeated biopsy reveals malignancy diagnosis in the majority. There is no radiologic criteria consistent with oncocytoma because of a lack of sensitivity and specificity . MR-scanning and CT-scanning are not feasible diagnostic methodologies for oncocytoma because of the possibility of overlapping results from oncocytoma and RCC .
Hypotheses: To investigate the ability of perfusion CT/US-scanning to facilitate recognition of different tumour sub-types in small renal masses less than 7 cm by non-invasive imagining technology.
Purpose: To recognize different subtype's renal tumor by non invasive scanning. Design: A descriptive study
|Roskilde Hospital||Not yet recruiting|
|Roskilde, Denmark, 2610|
|Contact: Nessn Azawi, M.D. 004526393034 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Nessn Azawi, M.D.|
|Principal Investigator:||Nessn Azawi, M.D.||University Hospital Roskilde|