Phase 3, Randomized, Safety, Lot Consistency and Clinical Benefit Study of Recombinant Botulinum Vaccine A/B (rBV A/B)

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(programmatic decision)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01940315
First received: September 6, 2013
Last updated: November 11, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

This Phase 3 clinical trial is a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, multicenter investigation of rBV A/B in male and female healthy adults 18 to 55 years of age.


Condition Intervention Phase
Botulism
Biological: rBV A/B
Biological: Placebo (USP sterile saline for injection)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 3, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Randomized, Multicenter Clinical Trial to Demonstrate the Safety, Lot Consistency and Clinical Benefit of Recombinant Botulinum Vaccine A/B (rBV A/B)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary safety objective is to demonstrate the safety of rBV A/B through Day 365. [ Time Frame: 1 year after first dose [Dose 1] / 6 months after the last dose [Dose 3] ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The primary safety endpoints are the incidence, severity and relationship to treatment of solicited local, systemic and neuromuscular adverse events (AEs) with onset on the day of and for 7 days after each administration of study product; treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) with onset within 28 days after each administration of study product; and medically-attended AEs (MAEs), neuromuscular AEs and serious AEs (SAEs) from the time of first dose (Day 0) through 6 months after the last dose (Day 365).

  • The primary immunogenicity objectives are to demonstrate lot consistency for three lots of rBV A/B and to infer clinical benefit of rBV A/B. [ Time Frame: Study Day 210, approximately 28 days after the last dose [Dose 3] ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • The criterion to demonstrate lot consistency will be based on the geometric mean ratios of neutrailzing antibodies concentrations (NAC) to vaccine antigens BoNT/A1 and BoNT/B1.
    • The criterion to demonstrate clinical benefit is the proportion of volunteers with NAC values at or above the putative protective levels for anti-BoNT/A1 and anti-BoNT/B1 simultaneously.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary safety objective is to demonstrate the safety of rBV A/B from Day 365 through Day 547. [ Time Frame: 1 year after last dose [Dose 3] in a subset of volunteers ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The secondary safety endpoints are the incidence, severity and relationship to treatment of MAEs, neuromuscular AEs and SAEs.

  • The secondary immunogenicity endpoints is duration of protection through Day 547. [ Time Frame: Evalution through Study Days 365 and 547 (6 months and 1 year after last dose [Dose 3]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The criterion to demonstrate duration of protection is the proportion of volunteers with NAC values at or above the putative protective levels for anti-BoNT/A1 and anti-BoNT/B1 simultaneously.


Estimated Enrollment: 6174
Study Start Date: October 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: rBV A/B
0.5 mL dose of rBV A/B (40 µg) will be administered intramuscularly (IM) in a three-dose dosing schedule given at Days 0, 28 ± 5 days, and 182 ± 9 days
Biological: rBV A/B
0.5 mL dose of rBV A/B (40 µg) given at Days 0, 28 ± 5 days, and 182 ± 9 days
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
0.5 mL dose of placebo will be administered intramuscularly (IM) given at Days 0, 28 ± 5 days, and 182 ± 9 days
Biological: Placebo (USP sterile saline for injection)
0.5 mL dose of Placebo will be given at Days 0, 28 ± 5 days, and 182 ± 9 days

Detailed Description:

Currently, there are no licensed vaccines or pre-exposure prophylactic medical countermeasures available to provide protection against botulism. The rBV A/B is under development to provide protection of adults 18 to 55 years of age from fatal botulism caused by inhalational intoxication with botulinum neurotoxin complex (BoNT) serotype A, subtype A1 (BoNT/A1) and botulinum neurotoxin complex serotype B, subtype B1 (BoNT/B1). Volunteers will not be exposed to botulism. Protective antibody titers will be measured in serum after vaccination.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The volunteer is a U.S. citizen or permanent resident alien of the U.S.
  2. The volunteer has signed the informed consent form.
  3. The volunteer is 18 to 55 years of age.
  4. The volunteer agrees not to donate blood or blood product for therapeutic or research purposes.
  5. The volunteer is willing to comply with the requirements of the protocol through the last scheduled visit.
  6. The volunteer is accessible by telephone or electronic mail to receive reminders from the investigative site.
  7. Female volunteers of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or lactating and agree to use two types of an acceptable form of FDA-approved contraception through end of study.
  8. The volunteer is in good health.
  9. The volunteer has clinical laboratory tests within acceptable ranges listed in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The volunteer has a history of botulism or prior receipt of any botulinum vaccine, toxoid or antitoxin.
  2. The volunteer has previously been treated or expects to be treated with any therapeutic products containing BoNTs such as Botox®, Myobloc®/Neurobloc™ and Botox® Cosmetic.
  3. The volunteer has a history of hypersensitivity or significant adverse reaction to other vaccines, aluminum compounds or yeast.
  4. The volunteer has a history of severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis.
  5. The volunteer has donated one or more units of blood (≥ 450 mL) or undergone plasmapheresis within the past 28 days prior to receiving first administration of study product.
  6. The volunteer received any blood product or immunoglobulin in the previous 6 months prior to receiving first vaccination or plans to receive such products during the clinical trial.
  7. The volunteer received any investigational vaccine in the previous 6 months.
  8. The volunteer received or intends to receive any licensed nonliving vaccine within 14 days before or after a scheduled administration of study product.
  9. The volunteer received or intends to receive any licensed live vaccine, including FluMist® within 60 days before or after a scheduled administration of study product.
  10. Vaccination with commercially available inactivated or non-living influenza vaccine preparations (other than FluMist®) if received 14 days before and after a scheduled administration of study product.
  11. The volunteer received any investigational drug therapy within 30 days before the first vaccination or before the last scheduled visit.
  12. The volunteer received therapy with immunosuppressive agents, including use of moderate to high-dose oral inhaled or systemic corticosteroids (prednisone-equivalent dose of ≥ 20 mg/day).
  13. The volunteer has or develops medically diagnosed chronic migraine headaches (persistent and recurrent) or a neurological condition associated with a cranial nerve or spasticity or abnormal muscle contraction, demyelination, other abnormalities of smooth or skeletal muscle function or hyperhidrosis.
  14. The volunteer had systemic or recurrent disease or condition that would place the volunteer at an unacceptable risk of injury or requires frequent or continuous medical intervention for treatment, has required hospitalization, or is likely to require surgical intervention during the course of the study.
  15. The volunteer has current active mental illness, history of mental illness or hospitalization for mental illness within the past 12 months prior to first of administration of study product is exclusionary.
  16. The volunteer has a history of immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease.
  17. The volunteer has a systemic medical condition that is ongoing or has required hospitalization or administration of antimicrobial agents within 6 months before screening.
  18. The volunteer has a history of or active rheumatoid arthritis or any autoimmune mediated arthritis.
  19. The volunteer has an acute self-limited illness that has not resolved by the time of first vaccination including oral temperature greater than 99.5 °F.
  20. The volunteer has a history of abuse of alcohol or drugs within the 12 months before clinical trial screening.
  21. The volunteer has occupational or other responsibilities that would prevent completion of participation in the clinical trial in the opinion of the Investigator.
  22. The volunteer has a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2.
  23. The volunteer is a member of the team conducting this clinical trial or is in a dependent relationship with the clinical trial investigator.
  24. The volunteer has a confirmed positive result on a urine drug screen that tests for common substances of abuse such as amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, opiates and cannabinoids.
  25. The volunteer was seropositive on screening tests for human HIV, Hepatitis C virus or hepatitis B surface antigen.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01940315

Sponsors and Collaborators
DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company
Investigators
Study Director: George A Saviolakis, M.D., Ph.D. DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company
Study Director: William Swiderski DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01940315     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: rBV A/B-03
Study First Received: September 6, 2013
Last Updated: November 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by DynPort Vaccine Company LLC, A CSC Company:
Defender Study
experimental vaccine
inhalational intoxication

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Botulism
Clostridium Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Neuromuscular Junction Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurotoxicity Syndromes
Foodborne Diseases
Poisoning
Chemically-Induced Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014