Kinesio Taping Effect on Postural Balance in Elderly

This study has been terminated.
(The collected data was finished)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo, University of Franca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01933737
First received: August 21, 2013
Last updated: August 30, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The elderly population has increased significantly in the last years. The number of falls has also increased due to the decrease of balance. The Kinesio Taping (KT) is a method with the aim to improve muscle physiology, proprioception, coordination and balance. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of KT on postural balance in the elderly. We evaluated 62 elderly with a mean age of 67.98±5.321, female, submitted to the protocol for the application of KT in gastrocnemius muscles of the midfoot and a placebo tape (3M Micropore) in the control group. The application of the tapes was bilateral. Half of the participants (n=31) received KT in the lower limbs, while the control group (n=31) was applied placebo tape. To analysis of posture and balance, we used a force plate to record stabilometric signals. Both groups were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape. The variables used were total displacement in centimeters (cm), amplitude AP (anterior-posterior) and ML (medial-lateral) in centimeters, area (cm²) and speed AP and ML in centimeters for seconds. The experimental protocol was performed in standing posture and the subjects were instructed to stand with feet apart, eyes open to look at the fixed point 1.5 m from force plate in a horizontal direction. It was requested that the elderly maintain the position for a time of 40 seconds to collect data The data were collected immediately post application of tapes and after 48 hours. The data was tabulated, descriptive statistics were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using the GraphPad Prism 4.0 software (Prism, Chicago, IL). The Kolmogorov Smirnov test was used to verify the data distribution. Differences between the means were evaluated using the Student T test for the normally distributed data, and using the Mann-Whitney test for the data not normally distributed. Significance levels were set at p<0.05.


Condition Intervention
Accidental Falls
Device: Kinesio Taping
Device: 3M Micropore

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Kinesio Taping Effect on Postural Balance in Elderly

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Franca:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Force plate to postural balance [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To analysis of posture and balance, we used a force plate to record stabilometric signals. Both groups were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape. The variables used were total displacement in centimeters (cm), amplitude AP (anterior-posterior) and ML (medial-lateral) in centimeters, area (cm²) and speed AP and ML in centimeters for seconds. We did not observe adverse effects


Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: January 2012
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Kinesio Taping Group
The Kinesio Taping group (KTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying Kinesio Taping for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.
Device: Kinesio Taping
The Kinesio Taping group (KTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying Kinesio Taping for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.
Experimental: Placebo tape group
The placebo tape group (PTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying placebo tape (3M Micropore) for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot in the same way that KTG. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.
Device: 3M Micropore
The placebo tape group (PTG) (n = 31 elderly women) were submitted to the protocol of applying placebo tape (3M Micropore) for gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the median foot in the same way that KTG. The application of the tapes was bilateral limbs. The subjects were evaluated post-application and 48 hours after application of the tape.

Detailed Description:

The Kinesio Taping Group (KTG) was composed of 31 participants that received the application of KT (K-Taping®) on the gastrocnemius muscle and the muscles of the midfoot. The placebo tape group (PTG) was composed of 31 participants that received the application of a placebo tape (3M Micropore®) on the same muscles of both limbs. The order of application of KT tape and placebo was conducted randomly among the elderly. Before the tape applying the site was cleaned with 70% ethanol for better fixation of the tape and for both groups were determined the application technique in "I" shaped. This technique consist in placing two tapes that format. The first tape was placed along the length of the plantar aponeurosis fixed point in the middle third of the medial gastrocnemius muscle to the metatarsal phalangeal joint. The second tape was also applied in "I" shaped without fixed point was placed around the midfoot arch in the direction of tension lines to assist with the metatarsal arch support.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • elderly, gender female

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No severe orthopedic diseases
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01933737

Locations
Brazil
University of Franca
Franca, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 14404600
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Franca
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paulo RV Quemelo, PhD University of Franca
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo, Paulo Quemelo, University of Franca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01933737     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UNIFRAN
Study First Received: August 21, 2013
Last Updated: August 30, 2013
Health Authority: Brazil: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by University of Franca:
postural balance;
elderly;
proprioception;
prevention;
fall

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014