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Early Detection and Prevention of Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Cerebrovascular Disease (MCI/CVD)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2013 by University of Kentucky
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gregory Jicha, 323-5550, University of Kentucky
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01924312
First received: July 2, 2013
Last updated: August 14, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

Vascular risk factors may account for up to 80% of the memory and thinking problems experienced by our aging population today, by far in excess of that caused by Alzheimer's disease. By doing this study, we hope to learn how vascular risk factors cause memory and thinking changes in the elderly, and whether we can prevent memory and thinking changes by reducing these risk factors. Successful completion of project aims will allow an integrated understanding of mild cognitive impairment caused by vascular risks (MCI-CVD) with the potential for tremendous impact on one of the major healthcare crises facing the nation today.

The study will enroll 80 participants with memory and thinking problems (mild cognitive impairment; MCI) and are at risk for stroke and further difficulties with memory and thinking that may eventually lead to disability and a diagnosis of dementia. Each participant will be randomized into one of two groups (40 in each group) and followed over 36 months. One group will be followed to allow us to understand the natural history of memory and thinking impairment, while the other group will receive intensive education and assistance with vascular risk factor (CVD) control.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cerebrovascular Disease
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Behavioral: Heart Health Intervention
Phase 0

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Detection and Prevention of Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Cerebrovascular Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Kentucky:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • California Verbal Learning Test- Delayed Recall [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Memory test for a word list after 30 minutes delay will be compared between baseline and end of study visit.

  • Brain T2 hyperintensity volume on MRI [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Magnetic resonance brain imaging will be performed at enrollment and annually to end of study. Change in volumetric measurement of T2 signal hyperintensities(amount of vascular injury)will be determined for the intervention compared to the placebo group


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The MOCA is a brief cognitive screen that will be compared between baseline and end of study for the interventional group compared to the placebo group

  • Total brain volume [ Time Frame: 36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain at baseline and end of study will be compared to determine rate of atrophy between the intervention and placebo group.


Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: May 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: No Intervention
A placebo cohort of 40 subjects with MCI related to vascular risk factors (MCI-CVD) will be followed longitudinally with cognitive, imaging, blood and spinal fluid biomarkers providing insight into the natural disease course of MCI-CVD. This natural history group will serve as the control group for the treatment arm described below.
Experimental: Treatment Group
A cohort of 40 subjects with MCI-CVD will be treated with a nursing-based educational program (Heart Health Intervention) including aggressive symptom monitoring and treatment of vascular risks in a 6 visit intervention block over 12 weeks after baseline and thereafter for every 6 months for the study duration of 3 years. These subjects will be followed identically to the subjects in the natural history arm described in the control group above with cognitive testing, imaging, blood, and spinal fluid testing.
Behavioral: Heart Health Intervention
A specialty CVD Risk Clinic will focus on education and individualized treatment programs to modify vascular risks in each subject using the methods developed, tested and shown to successfully reduce multiple CVD risk factors in the HeartHealth Program (HRSA grant, 1D1ARH1606, phase I and 2).

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, controlled study of intensive medical management and educational programming (Heart Health Intervention) for controlling stroke and vascular risks that may impact your thinking and memory (MCI-CVD). This means that if you choose to enroll, it will be determined by chance ( pulling a number from a hat) whether you will receive the study intervention or standard-of-care treatment. One-half of all subjects will be enrolled in the intervention, while the other one half will not. You will have a 50:50 chance of receiving the intervention, like the flip of a coin. You will be in the study for 36 months if you enroll.

Even if you do are not in the study group receiving medical management and educational programs, we will be monitoring your risks for stroke and vascular risks every 6 months and this information will be provided to your primary doctors, potentially resulting in an increased level of care as a result of your participation in this study.

You must have an individual (spouse, friend, or relative), called a "study partner", who is willing to accompany you to all of the study visits or be available by telephone to communicate changes in your health status over the period of this study.

The study visits include checking vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate weight), regular blood testing at 6 month intervals to monitor your vascular risks (blood sugar, cholesterol levels)as well as ensure your safety throughout the study, yearly brain imaging with MRI scans, and spinal fluid collection at enrollment and end of study to help us understand brain changes that cannot be measured in blood.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 1 of the following vascular risk factors or on treatment for 1 of these conditions determined by the study physicians to be responsible for the mild memory and thinking problems you experience:

    1. poorly controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure>130mmHg) or prior history of hypertension associated with congestive heart failure (CHF)
    2. poorly controlled cholesterol (LDL > 70 mg/dL or triglycerides > 150 mg/dL)
    3. cardiomyopathy/congestive heart failure with an ejection fraction < 40%
    4. diabetes with fasting glucose > 110 mg/dL or glycosylated hemoglobin(HgbA1c) > 7.0%
    5. homocysteine > 12umol/L
    6. history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    7. tobacco use > 30 pk/yr history
    8. BMI > 30
  2. Age > 55 years
  3. Memory complaint
  4. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)score ≤ 26
  5. Either, presence of strategic (caudate, thalamus, subcortical white matter lacunar infarcts or mild to moderate small vessel ischemic changes (T2-positive) felt to be sufficient to explain the cognitive decline (in the clinical judgment of the examining physician)
  6. English-speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Functional decline due to cognitive impairment, sufficient to meet clinical criteria for dementia
  2. Other medical, non-CVD causes of cognitive decline including but not limited to thyroid dysfunction, vitamin B12 deficiency, renal failure with blood urea nitrogen (BUN) > 30 mg/dL, ammonia > 50 mg/dL, other significant electrolyte abnormalities, extreme hypo (< 70 mg/dL) or hyper-glycemia (> 300mg/dL)…ect.
  3. Evidence for comorbid, non-vascular neurologic disease on clinical exam or on imaging (i.e. parkinsonism, focal neurologic deficits, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS), focal brain lesions other than small lacunar infarcts,…)
  4. Focal motor, sensory, visual or auditory deficits that would interfere with cognitive assessments or are suggestive of other brain pathology
  5. Vision and hearing with or without assistive devices sufficient to complete study protocol including cognitive test procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01924312

Contacts
Contact: Jacqueline A. Towner 859-323-3104 jacqueline.towner@uky.edu
Contact: Sarah D. Tarrant, MSW 859-323-1331 sarah.tarrant@uky.edu

Locations
United States, Kentucky
University of Kentucky Recruiting
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40504
Contact: Jacqueline A Towner    859-323-3104    jacqueline.towner@uky.edu   
Contact: Heather Nichols    859-323-3145    hdnich2@email.uky.edu   
Principal Investigator: Gregory A. Jicha, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Kentucky
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gregory A. Jicha, MD, PhD University of Kentucky
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Gregory Jicha, 323-5550, Gregory A. Jicha, MD, PhD, University of Kentucky
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01924312     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01NR141892, 12-0837-F2L
Study First Received: July 2, 2013
Last Updated: August 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Kentucky:
stroke, dementia, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cognition Disorders
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014