GDC-0941 and Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Androgen Receptor-Negative Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2014 by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Genentech
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vandana Abramson, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01918306
First received: July 25, 2013
Last updated: February 10, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This phase I/II trial study evaluates the tolerability and best tolerated dose of the PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 when given with the chemotherapy cisplatin. This study will also examine how well the combination of GDC-0941 and cisplatin work in treating patients with androgen receptor negative triple negative metastatic breast cancer. Patients will be randomized to receive cisplatin alone or cisplatin with GDC-0941 in the phase II portion. Those receiving cisplatin alone can receive GDC-0941 upon progression of their disease. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy which has been shown to be effective in treating triple negative breast cancer. Preclinical studies show that adding a PI3K inhibitor such as GDC-0941 to cisplatin may be a more effective treatment for breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Estrogen Receptor Negative Breast Cancer
Human Epidermal Growth Factor 2 Negative Carcinoma of Breast
Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Recurrent Breast Cancer
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Triple-negative Breast Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI & chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI
Drug: GDC -0941
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib/II Trial of GDC-0941 (a PI3K Inhibitor) in Combination With Cisplatin in Patients With Androgen Receptor Negative Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose(MTD) of GDC-0941 - (Phase Ib) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    MTD is defined as the highest dose tested in which a dose limiting toxicity (DLT)is experienced by 0 to 1, out of 6 patients among the dose levels assessed using CTCAE version 4.0

  • Percentage of Patients Achieving Overall Response Rate - (Phase II) [ Time Frame: at 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall response rate (ORR) is complete response (CR) + partial response (PR) measured by RECIST version 1.1


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of patients with dose-limiting toxicities per grade (DLT) - (Phase Ib) [ Time Frame: During the first 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of patients with Grade 3 and 4 toxicities per NCI Common Terminology for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.

  • Clinical Benefit Ratio (CBR) [ Time Frame: at 32 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CBR is the corresponding 95% confidence interval at the MTD dose recommended for phase II. Defined as the number of patients with CR + PR + stable disease (SD) for 6 months

  • Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From time of randomization to disease progression, up to 104 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TTP is calculated with the corresponding 95% confidence interval at the dose recommended for phase II. It is defined as the duration from randomization to objective tumor progression


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Correlation of the presence of PIK3CA mutations in the tumor with time to tumor progression. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Examining tumor tissue for PI3K mutations and correlating this statistically with clinical outcomes including time to tumor progression.


Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: cisplatin
Patients receive cisplatin in Arm I. Patients may crossover to Arm II upon disease progression.
Drug: cisplatin

In Arm I patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may crossover to Arm II upon disease progression.

In Arm II patients receive cisplatin as in Arm I and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 orally (PO) one time a day (QD) on days 2-6, 9-13, 16-20, and 23-27. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Other Name: Platinol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
correlative studies
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI & chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI
correlative studies
Experimental: cisplatin and GDC-0941
Patients receive cisplatin as in Arm I and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941. Courses repeat in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: cisplatin

In Arm I patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may crossover to Arm II upon disease progression.

In Arm II patients receive cisplatin as in Arm I and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 orally (PO) one time a day (QD) on days 2-6, 9-13, 16-20, and 23-27. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Other Name: Platinol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
correlative studies
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI & chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI
correlative studies
Drug: GDC -0941
Patients receive cisplatin as in Arm I and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 PO QD on days 2-6, 9-13, 16-20, and 23-27. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of GDC-0941 when given in combination with cisplatin in patients with androgen receptor-negative (AR-) triple negative (TN) metastatic breast cancer (MBC): assessment of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) during the first 4 weeks of treatment (cycle 1); determination of the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose of GDC-0941 given in combination with cisplatin. (Phase IB)

II. To evaluate the efficacy, as measured by the overall response rate (ORR), of cisplatin + GDC-0941 versus cisplatin alone in patients with AR- TN MBC. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the clinical benefit rate (CBR) of cisplatin + GDC-0941 in patients with AR- TN MBC.

II. To determine the time to disease progression (TTP) of cisplatin + GDC-0941 versus cisplatin alone in patients with AR- TN MBC.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To characterize pharmacokinetics of GDC-0941 when administered in combination with cisplatin.

II. To explore predictors of response and mechanisms of resistance based on exploratory analysis of tumor tissue obtained through biopsies.

III. To assess the prognostic effects of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) mutations and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) loss on TTP and CBR.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-deescalation study of PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 followed by a randomized phase II study.

PHASE I: Patients receive cisplatin intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 2-6, 9-13, 16-20, and 23-27. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may crossover to Arm II upon disease progression.

ARM II: Patients receive cisplatin as in Arm I and PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 PO QD on days 2-6, 9-13, 16-20, and 23-27. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must provide informed written consent.
  • Patients must be <18 years of age.
  • ECOG performance status 0-1.
  • Clinical stage IV invasive mammary carcinoma, ER negative (defined as expression of ER in < 5% cells), PR negative (defined as expression of PR in < 5% cells), HER2 negative [acceptable FDA approved methods of HER2 analysis include IHC (0, 1+), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with HER2/CEN-17 ratio <2, and/or chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH)] with HER2/CEN-17 ratio <2, as previously documented by histological analysis.
  • Androgen receptor negativity, defined as < 10% of tumor cell nuclei with immunoreactivity for AR in a CLIA certified laboratory. See section 5.1.
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension by RECIST criteria 1.1, with radiologic scans within 21 days of day 1, cycle 1.
  • Up to two prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease.
  • No prior treatment with cisplatin in the metastatic setting.
  • Biopsy of a metastatic lesion in patients with reasonably accessible metastatic lesions (chest wall, skin, subcutaneous tissue, lymph nodes, skin, breast, bones, lung, and liver metastases). If a reasonably accessible site is available for biopsy, the patient must agree to biopsy.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 6 months in the opinion of the investigator
  • Patients must have adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function. All tests must be obtained less than 21 days from day 1 of study treatment. This includes:

    • ANC >/=1500/mm3
    • Platelet count >/=100,000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Creatinine </=1.5X upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • INR ≤ 2
    • Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (in patients with known Gilbert Syndrome, a total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN, with direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN)
    • AST and ALT ≤ 3 x ULN (or ≤ 5.0 x ULN if hepatic metastases are present)
    • For patients without known Type II diabetes, the following is required at screening:

      o -Fasting blood glucose </= 135 mg/dL (7.49 mmol/L) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <7.0 % or International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) < 53 mmol/mol

    • For patients with Type II diabetes receiving only oral anti-hyperglycemic therapy (patients receiving insulin are not eligible), the following are required at screening:

      • -HbA1c < 8.5 % or IFCC < 69.4 mmol/mol
      • -Stable regimen of oral anti-hyperglycemic therapy without insulin usage for at least 3 weeks prior to first study treatment
      • -Fasting blood glucose levels </= 160 mg/dL (8.88 mmol/L) and no hypoglycemia (BS <60) during home monitoring for at least 1 week prior to study entry
  • Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • For patients who are not postmenopausal or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus), agreement to remain abstinent or to use two adequate methods of contraception, including at least one method with a failure rate of < 1% per year (e.g., hormonal implants, combined oral contraceptives, vasectomy/vasectomized partner, tubal ligation), during the treatment period and for at least 30 days after the last dose of GDC-0941 or 6 months after the last dose of cisplatin, whichever is longer; postmenopausal is defined as:
  • Age >/= 60 years
  • Age </= 60 years and amenorrheic for 12 months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression; and follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol in the postmenopausal range
  • Patients may have received radiation therapy to painful bone metastases or areas of impending bone fracture as long as radiation therapy is completed ≥ 2 weeks prior to day 1 of cycle 1 of treatment. Patients who have received prior radiotherapy must have recovered from toxicity (≤ grade 1) induced by this treatment. Baseline radiologic scans must be obtained after completion of radiation.
  • Patients must complete all screening assessments as outlined in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any kind of malabsorption syndrome significantly affecting gastrointestinal function.
  • Concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, biologic therapy) other than the ones specified in the protocol. Patients must have discontinued the above cancer therapies for 1 week prior to the first dose of study medication, as well as recovered from toxicity (to ≤ than grade 1, except for alopecia) induced by previous treatments. Any investigational drugs should be discontinued 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication and radiotherapy must have been completed ≥ 2 weeks prior to initiation of study drug (Cycle 1, Day 1).
  • Prior use of PI3K, or Akt inhibitors in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and metastatic setting for the treatment of cancer. These include, but are not limited to: GDC-0941, GDC-0980, GDC-0032, BEZ235, BKM120, LY294002, PIK-75, TGX-221, XL147, XL765, SF1126, PX-866, D-87503, D-106669, GSK615, CAL101. Patients who have received PI3K/Akt inhibitors previously for <4 weeks will be eligible.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes. Patients with Type II diabetes must meet criteria outlined in Inclusion Criteria.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • -Ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics
    • -Impairment of lung function (COPD > grade 2, lung conditions requiring oxygen therapy) or current dyspnea at rest
    • -Symptomatic congestive heart failure (class III or IV of the New York Heart Association classification for heart disease)
    • -Known Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) < 50%.
    • -Unstable angina pectoris, angioplasty, stenting, or myocardial infarction within 6 months
    • -Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mm Hg, found on two consecutive measurements separated by a 1 or 2 week period despite adequate medical support)
    • -Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia (multifocal premature ventricular contractions, bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia that is symptomatic or requires treatment [National Cancer Institute -Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 4.0, grade 3]
    • -QTcF ≥ 480 msec on screening EKG
    • -Known history of QT/QTc prolongation or Torsades de Pointes (TdP)
    • -ST depression or elevation of ≥ 1.5 mm in 2 or more leads
    • -Diarrhea of any cause ≥ CTCAE grade 2
    • -Active autoimmune disease that is not controlled by nonsteroidal or steroidal (<10 mg of prednisone per day) anti inflammatory drugs or active inflammatory disease, including small or large intestine inflammation such as active Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, which requires immunosuppressive therapy
    • -Psychiatric illness/social situations that would compromise patient safety or limit compliance with study requirements including maintenance of a compliance/pill diary
    • -Symptomatic brain metastases (patients with a history of brain metastases must be clinically stable for at least 2 weeks from completion of radiation treatment, on a dose of steroids equivalent to <10 mg prednisone daily for at least one week, and on a stable dose of therapeutic anticonvulsants)
    • -Known history of chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis, current alcohol abuse, or infection with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus (active or carrier), or renal failure
    • -Known history of chronic pancreatitis
    • -Conditions that affect lymphocyte counts, such as HIV infection or immunosuppressive therapy
  • Use of prohibited drugs
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01918306

Contacts
Contact: VICC Clinical Trials Information Program 800-811-8480

Locations
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Contact: Vanderbilt Cancer Center Clinical Trials Information Program    800-811-8480      
Principal Investigator: Vandana G. Abramson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Genentech
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Vandana G. Abramson, MD Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Vandana Abramson, Assistant Professor of Medicine; Medical Oncologist, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01918306     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC BRE 1287, NCI-2013-01319
Study First Received: July 25, 2013
Last Updated: February 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center:
Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Estrogen receptor negative breast cancer
Metastatic breast cancer
Stage IV breast cancer
HER2 negative breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Androgens
Cisplatin
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014