A Comparator Study of Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray Verses (vs) Cetirizine in the Treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01916226
First received: August 1, 2013
Last updated: August 14, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This phase IV investigational trial is being conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a 2-week treatment of fluticasone propionate nasal spray (FPNS) vs. cetirizine on allergic nasal and ocular symptoms and quality of life in adult subjects with SAR. It is hypothesized that FPNS provides greater nasal symptom relief than cetirizine. The primary measure used to test this hypothesis is the change from baseline over two weeks in reflective total nasal symptom score (rTNSS) compared between FPNS and cetirizine. Approximately 648 subjects will be randomized into a 1:1:1:1 ratio of treatment allocation across approximately twenty-five to thirty-five sites in the US during the 2013 fall allergy season. All subjects will be outpatients. The total duration of study will be approximately 21 days including 7 days of screening period, and 14 days of treatment period.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial and Seasonal
Drug: FPNS
Drug: FPNS Placebo
Drug: Cetirizine
Drug: Cetirizine Placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study 200165, A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Center, Parallel-Group Study to Compare the Efficacy of a 2-Week Treatment With Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray Versus Cetirizine in Adult Subjects With Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (SAR)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline (CFB) in the Individual AM Reflective Total Nasal Symptom Scores (rTNSS) Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The rTNSS score is the sum of the four individual symptom scores for rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, nasal itching, and sneezing. Each symptom is scored on a scale ranging from 0 to 3; the rTNSS ranges from 0 (none) to 12 (severe). Each individual symptom was evaluated using a scale of 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), or 3 (severe). The reflective assessment of the TNSS scores the four nasal symptoms over the previous 24 hours. The participants themselves scored nasal symptoms in an e-diary. Baseline is defined as the arithmetic average of the rTNSS recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days. A participant may have had as few as 4 days' worth of data contributing to the Baseline average. The 2-week symptom score was defined as the average of the values recorded on the day after randomization and the following 13 days. Change from Baseline was thus calculated as the 2-week average minus the Baseline value.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in the Individual AM Reflective Nasal Symptom Scores for Rhinorrhea, Nasal Congestion, Nasal Itching, and Sneezing Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Each individual symptom was evaluated using a scale of 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), or 3 (severe).The reflective assessment scores the four nasal symptoms over the previous 24 hours. The participants themselves scored nasal symptoms in an e-diary. Baseline is defined as the arithmetic average of the individual AM reflective nasal symptom scores recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days. A participant may have had as few as 4 days' worth of data contributing to the Baseline average. The 2-week symptom score was defined as the average of the values recorded on the day after randomization and the following 13 days. Change from Baseline was thus calculated as the 2-week average minus the Baseline value.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the Nocturnal Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (NRQLQ) Overall Score at Visit 3/Early Withdrawal. [ Time Frame: Baseline and Visit 3 (Study Day 14 +/- 2 days)/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The NRQLQ is a 16-item, validated, self-administered, disease (allergic rhinitis)-specific quality of life instrument that measures the functional problems most troublesome to participants with nocturnal allergy symptoms over a one-week interval. Each question is scored on a 7-point scale from 0 (not troubled) to 6 (extremely troubled). Items are grouped into four domains: sleep problems (4 items), sleep time problems (5 items), symptoms on waking in the morning (4 items), and practical problems (3 items). An overall score was calculated from the individual item scores. All items are weighted equally. A mean score is calculated across all items within each domain. The overall score is the mean across all items and ranges from 0 (not troubled) to 96 (extremely troubled). Higher scores reflect a lower quality of life. Change from Baseline was calculated as the 2-week average minus the Baseline value.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the AM Pre-dose Instantaneous Total Nasal Symptom Score (iTNSS) Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The iTNSS score is the sum of the four individual symptom scores for rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, nasal itching, and sneezing. Each symptom is scored on a scale ranging from 0 to 3; the iTNSS ranges from 0 (none) to 12 (severe). The symptoms were evaluated using a scale of 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), or 3 (severe). The instantaneous assessment of the TNSS scores the four nasal symptoms at the time of the assessment, or at that "instant." The participants themselves scored nasal symptoms in an e-diary once each morning prior to administering study drug. Baseline is defined as the arithmetic average of the iTNSS recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days. A participant may have had as few as 4 days' worth of data contributing to the Baseline average. The 2-week symptom score was defined as the average of the values recorded on the day after randomization and the following 13 days.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the AM Pre-dose Reflective Total Ocular Symptom Score (rTOSS) Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The rTOSS is an eye assessment that comprises the sum of the three symptom scores for tearing/watering, itching/burning, and eye redness. Each symptom is scored on a scale of 0 to 3: 0, none; 1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, severe. The rTOSS ranges from 0 (none) to 9 (severe). The reflective assessment scores the participants' ocular symptoms over the preceding 24 hours. The participants themselves scored ocular symptoms in an e-diary. Baseline arithmetic is defined as the average of the rTNSS recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days. A participant may have had as few as 4 days' worth of data contributing to the Baseline average. The 2-week symptom score was defined as the average of the values recorded on the day after randomization and the following 13 days. Change from Baseline was thus calculated as the 2-week average minus the Baseline value.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the AM Pre-dose Instantaneous Total Ocular Symptom Score (iTOSS) Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The iTOSS is an eye assessment that comprises the sum of the three symptom scores for tearing/watering, itching/burning, and eye redness. Each symptom is scored on a scale of 0 to 3: 0, none; 1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, severe. The iTOSS ranges from 0 (none) to 9 (severe). The instantaneous assessment scores the participants' ocular symptoms at the time of the assessment, or at that "instant." The participants themselves scored ocular symptoms in an e-diary once each morning prior to administering study drug. Baseline is defined as the arithmetic average of the iTOSS recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days. A participant may have had as few as 4 days' worth of data contributing to the Baseline average. The 2-week symptom score was defined as the average of the values recorded on the day after randomization and the following 13 days. Change from Baseline was thus calculated as the 2-week average minus the Baseline value.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in the Combined Nasal and Ocular Reflective Total Symptom Score (rTSS = rTNSS+rTOSS) Over the Entire Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline through the entire treatment period (2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The rTSS is the sum of the rTNSS and the rTOSS. The rTNSS score is the sum of the four individual symptom scores for rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, nasal itching, and sneezing. Each symptom is scored on a scale ranging from 0 to 3; the rTNSS ranges from 0 (none) to 12 (severe). Each individual symptom was evaluated using a scale of 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), or 3 (severe). The rTOSS assessment is comprised of the sum of the three symptom scores for tearing/watering, itching/burning, and eye redness. Each symptom is scored on a scale of 0 to 3: 0, none; 1, mild; 2, moderate; or 3, severe. The rTOSS ranges from 0 (none) to 9 (severe). The reflective assessment scores participants' symptoms over the previous 24 hours. The participants themselves scored nasal and ocular symptoms in an e-diary. Baseline is defined as the arithmetic average of the rTSS recorded on the morning of randomization and on each of the six preceding days.


Enrollment: 682
Study Start Date: August 2013
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: FPNS arm
Subject will receive two sprays (200 mcg per day)of FP into each nostril once daily (OD) every morning for 14 days
Drug: FPNS
Bottled, 16 gm net fill weight for 120 metered sprays with unit dose strength of 50 mcg per spray.
Placebo Comparator: FPNS Placebo arm
Subject will receive two sprays of FP placebo into each nostril OD every morning for 14 days
Drug: FPNS Placebo
Bottled placebo nasal spray (vehicle for Fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray), 16 gm net fill weight for 120 metered sprays.
Experimental: Cetirizine arm
Subject will receive Cetirizine capsule by mouth OD in the morning for 14 days
Drug: Cetirizine
Over-encapsulated Cetirizine tablet with unit dose strength of 10 mg in High Density Poly Ethylene Bottles (20 count per bottle).
Placebo Comparator: Cetirizine Placebo arm
Subject will receive Cetirizine Placebo capsule by mouth OD in the morning for 14 days
Drug: Cetirizine Placebo
Over-encapsulated Cetirizine matching tablet High Density Poly Ethylene Bottles (20 count per bottle).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Informed consent: Subject must give their signed and dated written informed consent to participate. Subject must understand and be willing, able, and likely to comply with study procedures and restrictions. Subject must be able to read, comprehend, and record information in English.
  • Subject is treatable on an outpatient basis.
  • Age: >=18 years of age at Visit 1.
  • Gender: Male or eligible female subjects. A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is post-menopausal or surgically sterile). Surgically sterile females are defined as those with a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation. Post-menopausal females are defined as being amenorrhoeic for greater than 1 year with an appropriate clinical profile, e.g., age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms. OR Childbearing potential with a negative pregnancy test at screening and agreeable to using one of the acceptable contraceptive methods consistently and correctly (i.e., in accordance with the approved product label and the instructions of the physician for the duration of the study). An eligible female is also not lactating nor planning on becoming pregnant during the study.
  • Diagnosis of SAR, defined as documented clinical history or physician verification of subject reported historical SAR during each of the last two fall allergy seasons and a positive skin prick test (wheal >=3 millimeter [mm] larger than the negative control) to a prevalent local fall allergen within 12 months prior to Visit 1 or at Visit 1.
  • Adequate exposure to local fall pollen: Subject resides within a geographical region where exposure to the local fall pollen to which they are sensitized is expected to be moderate or greater during the study period. Subject does not plan to travel outside the geographical region where exposure to local fall pollen to which they are sensitized is expected to be moderate or greater for more than 48 hours during the study period.

At Visit 2, the subject must meet the following criteria

  • Eligible subjects will need to have moderate to severe SAR symptoms, defined as a morning rTNSS of >=7 on at least four of the last seven days leading up to randomization. This includes the AM assessment on the morning of the randomization visit at Visit 2.
  • Subjects should demonstrate at least a 70% compliance rate with both their placebo run-in study medications and their e-diary completion prior to randomization. This period includes the day of Visit 1 until the day before randomization at Visit 2.
  • Subjects should have no significant change in medical condition(s) that would have been exclusionary at Visit 1.
  • Subjects should not have used any prohibited medications that are detailed in the inclusion/exclusion criteria (including prohibited allergy medications).
  • Subjects should not have travelled outside the local pollen region for more than 48 hours during the run-in period.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Significant concomitant medical conditions, defined as but not limited to:

Historical or current evidence of a clinically significant uncontrolled disease of any body system (e.g., tuberculosis, psychological disorders, eczema, uncontrolled asthma). Significant is defined as any disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the safety of the subject at risk through study participation or which would confound the interpretation of the study results if the disease/condition exacerbated during the study.

A severe physical obstruction of the nose (e.g., deviated septum or nasal polyp) or nasal septal perforation that could affect the deposition of intranasal study drug.

Nasal (e.g., nasal septum), ocular, or throat injury, or surgery to these areas in the last 3 months.

Rhinitis medicamentosa. Bacterial or viral infection (e.g., common cold) of the eyes or upper respiratory tract within two weeks of Visit 1 or during the screening period.

Documented evidence of acute or significant chronic sinusitis, as determined by the individual investigator.

Current or history of glaucoma and/or cataracts or ocular herpes simplex. Physical impairment that would affect subject's ability to safely and fully participate in the study.

Clinical evidence of a Candida infection of the nose. History of psychiatric disease, intellectual deficiency, poor motivation, substance abuse (including drug and alcohol) or other conditions that will limit the validity of informed consent or that would confound the interpretation of the study results.

History of adrenal insufficiency.

  • Use of corticosteroids, defined as: Intranasal corticosteroid within four weeks prior to Visit 1 and during the treatment period. Inhaled, oral, intramuscular, intravenous, ocular, and/or dermatological corticosteroid (with the exception of hydrocortisone cream/ointment, 1% or less) within eight weeks prior to Visit 1 and during the treatment period.
  • Use of allergy medications, within a timeframe relative to Visit 1, that would prevent the medication from being eliminated and/or have an effect. Exclusionary timeframes relative to Visit 1 for five common allergy treatments are noted below Intranasal cromolyn (<=2 weeks from Visit 1). Intranasal or systemic decongestants (<=3 days from Visit 1). Intranasal or systemic (other than oral) antihistamines (<=3 days from Visit 1).

Leukotriene modifiers (<=3 days from Visit 1). Oral antihistamines (<=2 days from Visit 1). Allergy medications, other than study supplied medications, are not allowed during the study.

  • Use of other medications that may affect allergic rhinitis or its symptoms, e.g., use of any ocular antihistamines, artificial tears, eyewashes/nasal irrigation solutions, homeopathic preparations, lubricants, sympathomimetic or vasoconstrictor preparations during the screening and treatment periods
  • Use of any medications (prescription or non-prescription) or alcohol to induce sleep 48-hours prior to Visit 1 and during the treatment period.
  • Use of other intranasally administered medications (e.g., calcitonin), including herbals and homeopathics during the run-in (Visit 1 - Visit 2) and treatment period.
  • Use of immunosuppressive medications within 8 weeks prior to screening and during the treatment period.
  • Use of any medications that significantly inhibit the cytochrome P450 subfamily enzyme CYP3A4 (e.g., ritonavir, ketoconazole) during the run-in (Visit 1 - Visit 2) and treatment period.
  • Known hypersensitivity to corticosteroids or any excipients present in the nasal spray.
  • Known hypersensitivity to cetirizine or any excipients in the tablet.
  • Recent exposure to an investigational study drug or device within 30 days of Visit 1.
  • Affiliation with investigator site: Study investigators, sub-investigators, study coordinators, employees of a participating investigator or immediate family members of the aforementioned are excluded from participating in this study.
  • Chickenpox or measles during the last 3 weeks prior to screening and is non-immune.
  • Immunotherapy is exclusionary unless the immunotherapy was initiated >=30 days from Visit 1 and if the dose has remained fixed over the 30 days prior to Visit 1, and the dose will remain fixed for the duration of the study.
  • Drug/alcohol abuse: Subjects with a known or suspected history of alcohol or drug abuse within the last 2 years which in the opinion of the investigator could interfere with the subject's proper completion of the protocol requirement.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01916226

  Show 31 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01916226     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200165
Study First Received: August 1, 2013
Results First Received: August 14, 2014
Last Updated: August 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
cetirizine
seasonal allergic rhinitis
Quality of Life
fluticasone propionate nasal spray

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal
Rhinitis
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Fluticasone
Cetirizine
Anti-Allergic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating
Histamine H1 Antagonists
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014