Peri Operative Smoking Cessation Program
Implementation of a perioperative smoking cessation program with computer-based patient education increases the rate of short-term (1 month) and long-term (6 month) abstinence from smoking and reduces the incidence of perioperative complications in elective surgical patients.
Behavioral: Computer based patient education for smoking cessation
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Development and Implementaion of a Peri Operative Smoking Cessation Program With Computer Based Patient Education.|
- Quit rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will do urine cotinine analysis to confirm the abstinence
- Surgical outcome [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will do a chart review to find out the intraoperative and post operative complications.
|Study Start Date:||July 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Computer based patient education
The patients will complete a pre-module and post-module set of questions to determine whether their knowledge about perioperative smoking cessation increased and their readiness to quit smoking has changed. According to their willingness and eligibility, pharmacotherapy will be given.
|Behavioral: Computer based patient education for smoking cessation|
Patients will be enrolled in the quit smoking before surgery program. Before participating in the education program, we will ask patients questions about their smoking habits, and patient will complete pre-education questionnaires that should take about 5 minutes. Patients will participate in a computer-based education program about quitting smoking for about 15 minutes. It will explain the importance of quitting smoking before their surgery, how to quit and coping with quitting. If they are not familiar with using a computer, we will provide an assistant for them to complete the education program. After completing the education program, they will complete a post-education questionnaire. patients will also receive an information pamphlet.
All participants will receive the computer-based education program, brief counselling, pamphlet, Smokers' Helpline referral, and telephone follow-up.
Altogether you will be spending about 30 minutes to complete the assessment, education program and counselling.
patients will be asked for their permission to inform their family physician about their participation in this study. Their smoking status, date of surgery, quit date, and recommended medication (when appropriate) will be faxed to your family physician to assist them quitting process. If they are willing to accept the assistance from Smokers' Helpline, their name and phone number will be faxed to the Smokers' Helpline, and someone from Smokers' Helpline will call you in the next 48 hours to follow-up.
We will monitor patient's smoking behavior by measuring expired carbon monoxide, a gas in the air they breathe out, during their pre-surgery visit and on the day of surgery. We also will measure urine cotinine (a by-product of nicotine) by taking urine samples and check their smoking status by asking questions about their smoking habits on the day of surgery, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after their surgery. During the telephone interview follow-up, we will remind them to do the urine cotinine and mail it to us. (Prepaid mail with urine cotinine strip will be provided at the time of the 2nd visit on the day of surgery.) Each follow-up phone call will take about 6 -10 minutes.
A one-month,3 month and 6 month follow up will be done by the research coordinator to assess the smoking status. Brief counseling (< 5 mins) will be provided.
|Contact: Fahmida Rahman, MBBSemail@example.com|
|Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Womens college Hospital|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Jean Wong, FRCPC||Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario|