Sleep Effectiveness and Insulin and Glucose Homeostasis
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of sleep effectiveness on glucose and insulin metabolism in health and disease (prediabetes and type two diabetes).
We will monitor sleep effectiveness using the sleep spectrogram, obtain serial nocturnal blood glucose and insulin measurements, and assess the impact of pharmacologic enhancement [using eszopiclon (Lunesta), a medication that promotes stable sleep)] on glucose and insulin homeostasis.
We hypothesize that 1: Effective sleep is associated with enhanced insulin sensitivity, relative to ineffective sleep states, and 2: Enhancing sleep effectiveness using eszopiclone (Lunesta) improves 24-hour glucose metabolism in prediabetics and diabetics compared to baseline.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Sleep Effectiveness and Insulin and Glucose Homeostasis|
- change in continuous glucose profile [ Time Frame: comparing 72 hours of baseline and after 1 week of eszopiclone ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- change in Sleep effectiveness biomarkers [ Time Frame: nightly comparing baseline with post-7 nights of eszopiclone ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
We will evaluate the impact of pharmacologic enhancement of effective sleep with nightly eszopiclone (taken before bedtime for 1 week, home environment) on glycemic profiles (continuous glucose monitoring, 72 hrs) in prediabetics and diabetics compared to pretreatment baseline. The dose of eszopiclone will be the lowest tolerated dose (1-3 mg) via dose escalation and side effect profile assessment.
Eszopiclone at a dose of 1-3 mg (lowest tolerated dose, as determined using a dose escalation schedule and side effect profile)will be taken 30 minutes before bedtime for one week.
Other Name: Lunesta
Evidence from experimental studies supports the hypothesis that fragmented or insufficient sleep contributes to impaired glucose and insulin homeostasis. The sleep spectrogram, an EEG-independent measure of sleep effectiveness, maps coupled oscillations of heart rate variability and ECG-derived respiration. In a sample of non-diabetic subjects with and without sleep apnea, we previously explored the association between ECG-spectrogram derived biomarkers and glucose metabolism and found that the marker of effective sleep, High Frequency Coupling (HFC), is associated with reduced diabetes risk (increased Disposition Index). HFC is also enhanced by sedative medications (unpublished data). In this study we will 1.) explore the relationship between sleep effectiveness and insulin sensitivity across the sleep period, by frequently sampling glucose and insulin during nocturnal polysomnography in healthy and prediabetic subjects; and 2.) evaluate the impact of pharmacologic enhancement of effective sleep with nightly eszopiclone (1 week, home environment) on glycemic profiles (continuous glucose monitoring, 72 hrs) in prediabetics and diabetics compared to pretreatment baseline. We expect that desirable glycemic profiles will correlate with the spectrographic marker of effective sleep while undesirable glucose profiles will correlate with the marker of ineffective sleep. Using pharmacologic enhancement of effective sleep, we expect to demonstrate improvement in glycemic profiles in prediabetic and diabetic subjects compared to pre-treatment baseline.
|Contact: Melanie Pogach, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Principal Investigator:||Melanie Pogach, MD||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|