Trial record 7 of 37 for:    teen AND (violence OR aggression) | Open Studies

Youth Empowerment Solutions for Positive Youth Development (YES)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by University of Michigan
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marc A. Zimmerman, University of Michigan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01884090
First received: October 23, 2012
Last updated: August 5, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

The Youth Empowerment Solutions for Positive Youth Development (YES) Study , is a randomized controlled trial that compares youth in standard after school programs offering activity choice (e.g. sports, academic enrichment, arts) to youth assigned to an after school program that includes training in community development, formation of intergenerational partnerships and experience conducting community improvement projects. The study aims are to: 1) implement and evaluate an empirically developed intervention for empowering youth (YES) using a randomized controlled trial design in a high risk urban and suburban sample; 2) test a conceptual model that posits a causal relationship from youth empowerment processes to positive developmental outcomes; and 3) follow youth over time to assess sustainability of gains in healthy development. Developmental outcomes will be assessed at baseline, curriculum completion and at three and nine months post-intervention.

This study will be referred to as the Genesee County Afterschool Study (GCAS) in recruitment, consents, assents and promotional materials. The study compares different types of after school programs, and we will be randomly assigning students into two groups, 1) the "regular" 21st Century Afterschool programs and 2) the "regular" 21st Century Afterschool programs with the YES supplement. We do not want to bias desirability of the random groups by naming one of the groups to be tested in the study name. Therefore, in documents we will refer to the study as the "Genesee County Afterschool Study (GCAS)."

Study hypotheses:

  1. Youth in the YES intervention arm will demonstrate increased intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral empowerment than youth in the comparison group arm.
  2. Youth in the YES intervention arm will demonstrate higher scores on the positive developmental outcome variables, and lower scores on the negative developmental outcome variables, than youth in the comparison group arm.
  3. Behavioral empowerment will partially mediate the relations between intrapersonal and interactional empowerment and youth developmental outcomes, such that youth with greater intrapersonal and interactional empowerment skills will demonstrate increased behavioral empowerment, which in turn will result in higher scores on positive developmental outcome variables, and lower scores on negative developmental outcome variables.

Condition Intervention
Violence
Child or Adolescent Antisocial Behavior
Behavioral: Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Youth Empowerment Solutions for Positive Youth Development (YES) Also Known as Genesee County Afterschool Study (GCAS)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Michigan:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Intrapersonal Empowerment [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales will include Self-Acceptance, Mastery, Leadership Efficacy, and Motivation to Control.

  • Interactional Empowerment [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales will include Adult Mentoring Relationships, Adult Resources, and Resource Mobilization.

  • Behavioral Empowerment [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales will include Leadership Behavior, Community Engagement, and School Engagement


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • School Bonding [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales include: school engagement; social support from teachers and staff

  • Academic Achievement [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales include: academic effort and achievement. Will track participants grades.

  • Social Competence [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales include: social skills rating; responsible decision-making

  • Prosocial Activities [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales include: participation in extracurricular activities, pro-social scale

  • Antisocial Behavior [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    scales include: anti-social attitudes and behavior, attitude toward conflict; beliefs supporting aggression, perpetration of aggression, rule-breaking behavior

  • Substance Use [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scale includes 8 items from National Survey on Drug Use and Health

  • Internalizing Problems [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scales include: anxiety, depression


Estimated Enrollment: 816
Study Start Date: June 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES)
Participants receiving the The 16-week, 30-session YES curriculum YES as a part of the 21st Century after-school program at middle schools that have high economic and academic needs. 21st Century is a U.S. Department of Education program which provides academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours and during the summer for children who attend low-performing schools in areas with high poverty (U.S. Department of Education, 2009).
Behavioral: Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES)
Participants receiving the The 16-week, 30-session YES curriculum YES as a part of the 21st Century after-school program at middle schools that have high economic and academic needs. 21st Century is a U.S. Department of Education program which provides academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours and during the summer for children who attend low-performing schools in areas with high poverty (U.S. Department of Education, 2009).
Other Name: Genesee County Afterschool Study
Active Comparator: Standard After School Programming
Youth in the comparison arm of the study will participate in standard after-school programming administered by Flint Community Schools and Genesee Intermediate School District. The standard program is the 21st Century after-school program at middle schools that have high economic and academic needs. 21st Century is a U.S. Department of Education program which provides academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours and during the summer for children who attend low-performing schools in areas with high poverty (U.S. Department of Education, 2009)
Behavioral: Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES)
Participants receiving the The 16-week, 30-session YES curriculum YES as a part of the 21st Century after-school program at middle schools that have high economic and academic needs. 21st Century is a U.S. Department of Education program which provides academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours and during the summer for children who attend low-performing schools in areas with high poverty (U.S. Department of Education, 2009).
Other Name: Genesee County Afterschool Study

Detailed Description:

YES is a partnership between the University of Michigan School of Public Health, the Flint Community Schools and the Genesee County Intermediate School District. The study will include participants at eight high-need middle schools with 21st Century after school programs.

Researchers have consistently found that participation in out of school programs enhances adolescents' well being and sense of worth, involves them in positive behaviors and helps them avoid involvement in problem behaviors. Although key elements of successful after school programs have been proposed (e.g., adult mentorship), the processes through which youth positive outcomes are achieved have rarely been empirically examined. Empowerment theory provides a unique conceptual framework for developing programs to enhance positive youth development because it incorporates the notion that health promotion requires not only that youth develop specific skills and positive assets, but also that youth become motivated to actively apply these skills and knowledge to become agents of positive change for themselves and in their communities. Thus, programs based on empowerment theory focus on building positive assets, connecting youth with local resources and adult role models, and engaging youth in community service activities. Ecological theory complements empowerment theory because it focuses attention on the social contexts in which youth develop, interactions between these contexts, and the roles youth can play in these contexts (e.g., schools, communities). An intervention approach informed by these two theories should enhance positive youth development by engaging youth in relevant ecological settings where they can learn skills, practice those skills, and establish the social resources to effectively navigate the social contexts in which they find themselves and develop into healthy adults.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 15 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Students entering 7th grade
  • Students enrolled enrolled in the 21st Century After School Program at eight middle schools in Genesee County, Michigan

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01884090

Contacts
Contact: Peter Hutchison 810-234-0937 phutchis@umich.edu
Contact: Susan Morrel-Samuels, MA, MPH 734 647 0219 sumosa@umich.edu

Locations
United States, Michigan
Atherton Middle School Recruiting
Burton, Michigan, United States, 48519
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Bendle Middle School Recruiting
Burton, Michigan, United States, 48529
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Carman-Ainsworth Middle School Recruiting
Flint, Michigan, United States, 48507
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Northern High School Recruiting
Flint, Michigan, United States, 48504
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Hamady Middle School Recruiting
Flint, Michigan, United States, 48504
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Northwestern High School Recruiting
Flint, Michigan, United States, 48505
Contact: Pete Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Beecher Middle School Recruiting
Mt. Morris, Michigan, United States, 48458
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Mt. Morris Junior High Recruiting
Mt. Morris, Michigan, United States, 48458
Contact: Peter Hutchison    810-234-0937    phutchis@umich.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Marc A Zimmerman, PhD University of Michigan
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Marc A. Zimmerman, Professor and Chair, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01884090     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5R01HD62565
Study First Received: October 23, 2012
Last Updated: August 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Michigan:
Empowerment
Youth
Violence
Community
Prevention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014