Rapid Autopsy and Procurement of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tissue
- People with lung cancers unfortunately commonly succumb to their disease. Some agree to donate their bodies to cancer research that may help the medical community better understand these diseases. Studies of lung cancer tumor tissue obtained soon after death may be used to answer questions about the origins, progression, and treatment of lung cancer. Researchers want to conduct a study that involves planned collection of lung cancer tumor tissue shortly after death. To do so, they will arrange to provide inpatient hospice care for people with non-small cell lung cancer.
- To collect lung cancer tissue biopsy samples as soon as possible after death.
- Individuals who have non-small cell lung cancer and are planning to receive end-of-life hospice care.
- Participants will agree to receive inpatient hospice care at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. Full details on end-of-life instructions will be noted.
- An autopsy will be performed at the clinical center within 3 hours of death. Tumor tissue will be collected from the primary site of cancer and from any areas of the body to which the cancer has spread.
- Participants will not receive further cancer treatments as part of this study. This is a tissue collection study only.
Non- Small Cell Lung Cancer
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Inpatient Hospice With Procurement of Tissue on Expiration in Thoracic Malignancies|
- Tumor tissue from multiple anatomical sites obtained [ Time Frame: within 3 hours after death ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Despite being the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, there is only limited knowledge of tumor heterogeneity in lung cancer. There is also limited knowledge of
tumor heterogeneity of other less common thoracic malignancies, such as thymic
epithelial tumors and mesothelioma.
- Tumor heterogeneity can be evaluated in a comprehensive manner by deep sequencing and global analysis of genomic and proteomic alterations of simultaneous core biopsies from several areas of the primary tumor and metastases and correlation with clinical outcome. However such studies are not feasible in a clinical setting.
- Tissue procurement by rapid autopsies provides an effective way for such an investigation.
- Clonal evolution and selection of tumor cells can be assessed by examining genomic and proteomic alterations of tumor samples obtained from multiple sites of primary and metastatic sites.
- Procure primary and metastatic tissue of thoracic malignancies shortly after death in order to investigate tumor heterogeneity- both intratumor and between paired primary and metastatic site, using integrated genomic and proteomic analysis.
- Adult patients with metastatic non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), extrapulmonary small cell cancer (ESCCs), pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs), thymic epithelial tumors, and mesothelioma with life expectancy less than or equal to 3 months
- Twelve patients each of NSCLC, SCLC, thymic epithelial tumors, and mesothelioma,
and six each of ESCCs and pNETs will be autopsied in this pilot study.
- Patients will be admitted for inpatient hospice when an investigator estimates a survival of less than 2 weeks.
- Upon expiration, rapid autopsy will be performed and tissue obtained from primary tumor site if still identifiable, and multiple metastatic sites to assess tumor heterogeneity using deep sequencing and global genomic and proteomic analyses.
- Archival tissue from patients, if available, will be used to evaluate these changes from several stages of tumor progression.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01851395
|Contact: Susan A Perry, R.N.||Not Listedfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Udayan Guha, M.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office 888-624-1937|
|Principal Investigator:||Udayan Guha, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|