Brain Inflammation in Major Depressive Disorder Background

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2013 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01851356
First received: May 8, 2013
Last updated: August 6, 2014
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- Studies have shown that inflammation plays an important role in depression. Brain inflammation may contribute to depression, and may make it more difficult to treat some kinds of depression with current therapies. Researchers want to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to study inflammation in the brain. To do so, they will use a contrast agent, which is a chemical that can show inflammation during an imaging study.

Objectives:

- To see if people with major depressive disorder have increased inflammation in the brain.

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have major depressive disorder.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will provide blood samples before the scanning sessions.
  • Participants will have a PET scan after the screening visit. They will have a dose of the contrast agent before the study. This scan will look for possible brain inflammation.
  • Participants will also have an MRI scan. This scan will take pictures of the brain for comparison studies.
  • Treatment will not be provided as part of this study.

Condition
Major Depression

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Brain Inflammation In Major Depressive Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Comparison of VT values obtained in MDD subject with those from healthy controls. [ Time Frame: single time point ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: March 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVE:

Inflammation in the periphery and in brain may be a predisposing factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). For example, MDD (even in the absence of medical illness) is often associated with raised inflammatory markers, and inflammatory medical illnesses are associated with greater rates of MDD. Moreover, patients treated with cytokines for various illnesses are at increased risk of developing MDD.

Translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) is a highly expressed protein in inflammatory cells of the brain: activated microglia and reactive astrocytes in brain. TSPO is, thereby, a potential biomarker of neuroinflammation. This protein can be accurately quantified using positron emission tomography (PET) and [C(11)]PBR28, a TSPO tracer synthesized in our laboratory.

The aim of this study is to assess whether subjects with MDD have increased TSPO binding in brain as an indirect marker of neuroinflammation.

STUDY POPULATION:

This protocol will study a total of 30 patients with MDD and 30 healthy volunteers. About half of the MDD subjects will be taking antidepressant medication and half will be unmedicated.

We will exclude subjects (approximately 10% of the population) that have low affinity for PBR28 ( non-binders ), based on a blood test or genotyping.

All healthy volunteers must not have any current serious medical condition.

DESIGN

For absolute quantification of TSPO, both MDD subjects and healthy controls will have arterial blood sampling concurrent with PET imaging using 11C-PBR28. We will try to minimize the recruitment of new healthy controls by relying on our historical database of healthy controls already scanned with [C(11)]PBR28.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

To assess absolute quantitation of TSPO with 11C-PBR28, we will primarily use the distribution volume (VT) calculated with compartmental modeling. As the primary goal, we will compare VT values obtained in MDD subjects with those from healthy controls. As secondary goals, we will assess 1) the effects of medication treatment in the MDD patients and 2) the relationship between CRP levels and TSPO binding in both MDD patients and healthy subjects.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

For healthy volunteers

  • Age 18 or older
  • No serious current medical condition
  • Able to give written informed consent.

For patients

  • Age 18 or older
  • Able to give written informed consent.

Subjects will have met DSM-IV criteria for recurrent MDD in a current major depressive episode.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

For healthy volunteers

  • Any current Axis I diagnosis
  • Clinically significant laboratory abnormalities other than CRP.
  • Subjects with autoimmune disorders
  • HIV positive
  • Subjects with current infections
  • Recent peripheral injury
  • Smoking in the last 6 months, because smoking may cause a inflammatory responses
  • Risk for MRI scan, such as a pacemaker or other implanted electrical devices, brain stimulators, some types of dental implants, aneurysm clips (metal clips on the wall of a large artery), metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves, and cochlear implants), permanent eyeliner, implanted delivery pump, or shrapnel fragments. Welders and metal workers are also at risk for injury because of possible small metal fragments in the eye of which they may be unaware.
  • History of neurologic illness or injury with the potential to affect study data interpretation.
  • Recent exposure to radiation (i.e., PET from other research) which when combined with this study would be above the allowable limits.
  • Inability to lie flat on camera bed for at least two hours.
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding.
  • Able to get pregnant but does not use birth control.
  • Non binder to PBR28 determined with a blood test or genotyping
  • Positive urine drug screen on the day of the scan
  • Subjects receiving treatment likely to impact inflammation (e.g., chronic antinflammatory drug treatment), statins or corticosteroids
  • Significant MRI abnormalities of the brain.
  • History of seizures, other than in childhood and related to fever.
  • A history of drug or alcohol abuse within 6 months or a history of alcohol or drug dependence (excepting nicotine) within 3 years (DSM-IV criteria)

For patients

  • Previous radiation exposure (X-rays, PET scans etc.) that, together with study procedures, would exceed NIH RSC research limits.
  • Claustrophobia to a degree that the subject would feel uncomfortable in the MRI machine.
  • Cannot lie on their back for at least two hours.
  • Smoking in the last 6 months, because smoking may cause a inflammatory responses
  • Brain abnormality such as a brain tumor, stroke, brain damage from head trauma or blood vessel abnormalities, on an MRI scan.
  • Risk for MRI scan, such as a pacemaker or other implanted electrical devices, brain stimulators, some types of dental implants, aneurysm clips (metal clips on the wall of a large artery), metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves, and cochlear implants), permanent eyeliner, implanted delivery pump, or shrapnel fragments. Welders and metal workers are also at risk for injury because of possible small metal fragments in the eye of which they may be unaware.
  • Subjects meet criteria for bipolar disorder or schizophrenia
  • Current serious suicidal ideation (e.g., thoughts of attempting suicide along with the intent or plan to attempt suicide) or recent suicidal behavior (i.e., a suicide attempt within the past six months)
  • Current psychosis
  • Medical conditions or current medications that are likely to influence cerebral function or radiotracer delivery including cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, endocrine or neurological diseases
  • A history of drug or alcohol abuse within 6 months or a history of alcohol or drug dependence (excepting nicotine) within 3 years (DSM-IV criteria)
  • Current pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Able to get pregnant but does not use birth control
  • Subjects with autoimmune disorders
  • Subjects with current infections
  • HIV positive
  • Recent peripheral injury
  • Subjects receiving treatment likely to impact inflammation (e.g., chronic antinflammatory drug treatment), statins or corticosteroids
  • Subjects unable to travel independently to participate in the research study because of the severity of their depression.
  • Non binder to PBR28 determined with a blood test or genotyping
  • Positive urine drug screen on the day of the scan.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01851356

Contacts
Contact: Denise A Rallis-Frutos, DNP (301) 451-9833 sciullod@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Robert B Innis, M.D. (301) 594-1368 robert.innis@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert B Innis, M.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01851356     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 130100, 13-M-0100
Study First Received: May 8, 2013
Last Updated: August 6, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
PBR28
Depression
PET Imaging
Neuroinflammation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Encephalitis
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Inflammation
Behavioral Symptoms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Viral Diseases
Mental Disorders
Mood Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014