Ponatinib for Advanced Medullary Thyroid Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01838642
First received: April 20, 2013
Last updated: June 21, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

Background:

  • Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) represents 5% of thyroid cancers and presents as a hereditary (25% of cases) or sporadic (75% of cases) neuroendocrine malignancy.
  • MTC arises from the parafollicular C-cells of the thyroid.
  • Germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene occur in virtually all of hereditary MTC cases, and somatic RET mutations occur in 50% of sporadic cases.
  • Drugs targeting RET kinase such as vandetanib and cabozantinib have shown efficacy in the treatment of advanced or metastatic MTC, however, more effective RET inhibitors are needed for previously untreated patients as well as patients who have become refractory to other molecular targeted therapeutics (MTTs).
  • Ponatinib, a drug that is FDA approved as a therapy for chronic myelogenous leukemia

(CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL), is a potent inhibitor of RET kinase.

Primary Objective:

-To determine the objective overall response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response

[PR] by RECIST) to ponatinib in the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic MTC previously treated with cabozantinib and vandetanib who: 1) have tumors with RET mutations and 2) have tumors without RET mutations.

Eligibility:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic MTC, with measurable disease by RECIST criteria.
  • Patients must have disease amenable to biopsy and be willing to undergo biopsy for molecular analysis, and also have adequate archival material from their thyroidectomy or from a tumor biopsy obtained prior to beginning any systemic therapy.
  • Patients must have failed or been intolerant to prior treatment with both cabozantinib and vandetanib.
  • The last dose of prior systemic therapy must be more than 28 days prior to the first dose of ponatinib
  • Radiation therapy is permitted if the last treatment was received more than 28 days prior to the first dose of ponatinib.

Design:

  • Open label phase II trial with 2 treatment groups:
  • RET mutation positive MTC, previously treated with vandetanib and cabozantinib
  • RET mutation negative MTC, previously treated with vandetanib and cabozantinib
  • Patients will receive ponatinib 30 mg orally daily until disease progression or until the development of intolerable side effects.
  • Tumor response will be assessed by RECIST 1.1 criteria at 8 weeks and then every 12 weeks thereafter. After one year on study, tumor response will be assessed every 16 weeks.
  • Patients will have a biopsy of their MTC for molecular analysis prior to initiating treatment with ponatinib. Patients will also have a biopsy of their MTC at the time of tumor progression, should that occur.

Condition Intervention Phase
Thyroid Neoplasms
Drug: Ponatinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Ponatinib in Advanced or Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the objective overall response rate. [ Time Frame: 24-36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 24-36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Toxicity and safety [ Time Frame: 24-36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Evaluate tumor markers and other correlative parameters [ Time Frame: 24-36 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: March 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A
RET mutation positive
Drug: Ponatinib
Ponatinib tablets will be administered orally, continually, once daily at a dose of 30 mg. A cycle of ponatinib is defined as 28 consecutive days starting with the first day of the treatment cycle. Treatment will be administered primarily in an outpatient setting.
Active Comparator: B
RET mutation negative
Drug: Ponatinib
Ponatinib tablets will be administered orally, continually, once daily at a dose of 30 mg. A cycle of ponatinib is defined as 28 consecutive days starting with the first day of the treatment cycle. Treatment will be administered primarily in an outpatient setting.

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) represents 5% of thyroid cancers and presents as a hereditary (25% of cases) or sporadic (75% of cases) neuroendocrine malignancy.
  • MTC arises from the parafollicular C-cells of the thyroid.
  • Germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene occur in virtually all of hereditary MTC cases, and somatic RET mutations occur in 50% of sporadic cases.
  • Drugs targeting RET kinase such as vandetanib and cabozantinib have shown efficacy in the treatment of advanced or metastatic MTC, however, more effective RET inhibitors are needed for previously untreated patients as well as patients who have become refractory to other molecular targeted therapeutics (MTTs).
  • Ponatinib, a drug that is FDA approved as a therapy for chronic myelogenous leukemia

(CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL), is a potent inhibitor of RET kinase.

Primary Objective:

-To determine the objective overall response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR] by RECIST) to ponatinib in the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic MTC previously treated cabozantinib and vandetanib who: 1) have tumors with RET mutations and 2) have tumors without RET mutations.

Eligibility:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic MTC, with measurable disease by RECIST criteria.
  • Patients must have disease amenable to biopsy and be willing to undergo biopsy for molecular analysis, and also have adequate archival material from their thyroidectomy or from a tumor biopsy obtained prior to beginning any systemic therapy.
  • Patients must have failed or been intolerant to prior treatment with both cabozantinib and vandetanib.
  • The last dose of prior systemic therapy must be more than 28 days prior to the first dose of ponatinib.
  • Radiation therapy is permitted if the last treatment was received more than 28 days prior to the first dose of ponatinib.

Design:

  • Open label phase II trial with 2 treatment groups:
  • RET mutation positive MTC, previously treated with vandetanib and cabozantinib
  • RET mutation negative MTC, previously treated with vandetanib and cabozantinib
  • Patients will receive ponatinib 30 mg orally daily until disease progression or until the development of intolerable side effects.
  • Tumor response will be assessed by RECIST 1.1 criteria at 8 weeks and then every 12 weeks thereafter. After one year on study, tumor response will be assessed every 16 weeks.
  • Patients will have a biopsy of their MTC for molecular analysis prior to initiating treatment with ponatinib. Patients will also have a biopsy of their MTC at the time of tumor progression, should that occur.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Diagnosis of localized or metastatic unresectable MTC. The histological diagnosis of MTC must be confirmed on review of submitted tumor tissue by the Laboratory of Pathology in the National Cancer Institute
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as greater than or equal to 20 mm with conventional techniques or as greater than or equal to 10 mm with spiral CT scan.
  • Disease amenable to biopsy and agree to undergo biopsy for molecular analysis
  • The last dose of previous therapy targeting RET kinase must be given at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of ponatinib.
  • Previous treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy are permitted, if the last dose was given at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of ponatinib
  • Patient must have failed (progressed on or been intolerant of) prior treatment with cabozantinib and vandetanib.
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years old
  • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2
  • Normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Leukocytes greater than or equal to microL
    • Absolute neutrophil count 1,500/microL
    • Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000 microL
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 times ULN
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) < 2.5 times institutional ULN or < 5 times ULN if liver involvement
    • Prothrombin Time < 1.5 times ULN
    • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
    • Lipase less than or equal to 1.5 times ULN
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. The effects of ponatinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Normal QT interval corrected (Fridericia) (QTcF) on screening ECG evaluation, defined as QTcF of less than or equal to 450 ms in males or less than or equal to 470 ms in females.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document and follow the guidelines of the clinical protocol including visits to NCI, Bethesda, Maryland for treatment and follow up visits.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agent.
  • Patients with brain metastases or spinal cord compression unless they completed radiation therapy greater than or equal to 4 weeks prior to the first dose of ponatinib and are stable without steroids or anti-convulsant therapy for greater than or equal to 10 days.
  • Medications that are known to be associated with Torsades de Pointes.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 150 or diastolic blood pressure > 100
  • Significant or active cardiovascular disease, specifically including but not restricted to:

    • History of myocardial infarction
    • History of atrial or ventricular arrhythmia
    • Unstable angina within 6 months prior to first dose of ponatinib
    • History of congestive heart failure
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction fraction (LVEF) less than lower limit of normal
    • History of peripheral arterial occlusive disease
    • History of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack
    • Venous thromboembolism including deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • A history of pancreatitis or alcohol abuse
  • Uncontrolled hypertriglyceridemia (> 450 mg/dL)
  • Major surgery (with the exception of minor surgical procedures, such as catheter placement or tumor biopsy) within 28 days prior to the first dose of ponatinib
  • Ongoing or active infection including known history of human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], hepatitis B virus [HBV], or hepatitis C [HCV]. Testing for these viruses is not required in the absence of a history of infection.
  • Suffer from any condition or illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise patient safety or interfere with the evaluation of the safety of the study drug
  • Evidence of a bleeding diathesis that cannot be corrected with standard therapy or factor replacement
  • Presence of another primary malignancy within the past 2 years (except for nonmelanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in situ. Prior prostate cancer is also permitted if PSA is now undetectable.)
  • Pregnant or lactating
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01838642

Contacts
Contact: Candice M Cottle-Delisle, R.N. (301) 402-4395 cottlec@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Ann W Gramza, M.D. (301) 827-4989 gramzaaw@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: Kaitlyn Chambers    301-402-4395    kaitlyn.chambers@nih.gov   
Contact: Roxanne Merkel    (301) 402-4395    merkelre@mail.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ann W Gramza, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01838642     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 130108, 13-C-0108
Study First Received: April 20, 2013
Last Updated: June 21, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Monoclonal Antibody
AP24534
RET Mutation Positive
RET Mutation Negative
RET Inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Thyroid Neoplasms
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014