Positive Psychology for Mood Disorders (PPBPAD)
The investigators are doing this study to see if "positive psychology" can help adults with depression or bipolar disorder.
Positive psychology involves exercises—short tasks—that try to increase good feelings and emotions, like optimism, happiness, personal strengths, and well-being. Positive psychology exercises might include imagining a bright future, being grateful for good events, forgiving others, and doing kind acts for others.
The investigators want to see if practicing positive psychology exercises after leaving the hospital can increase feelings of hope, optimism, and positive thinking. The investigators are asking you to take part in this research study because you are in the hospital for depression or bipolar disorder.
This research study will compare "positive psychology exercises" to "control condition exercises." During the study, you may take part in control condition exercises instead of positive psychology exercises.
Behavioral: Positive psychology intervention
Behavioral: Recollection intervention
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Trial of a Positive Psychology Intervention to Reduce Suicide Risk in Patients With Mood Disorders|
- Feasibility of positive psychology exercises [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Feasibility will be measured by:
- Completion rate of exercises
- Ease of exercises (rated on a 5-point scale)
- Helpfulness of exercises (rated on a 5-point scale)
- Impact of positive psychology exercises on positive affect [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Positive affect will be measured by:
- Optimism score on the Life Orientation Test-Revised (scores range from 3 to 30, with higher scores indicating higher levels of optimism)
- Gratitude score on the Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (scores range from 6 to 42, with higher scores indicating higher levels of gratitude)
- Positive emotion score on the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (scores range from 10 to 50, with higher scores indicating higher levels of positive emotion)
- Impact of positive psychology exercises on negative affect [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Negative affect will be measured by:
- Hopelessness scores on the Beck Hopelessness Scale (scores range from 0 to 20, with higher scores indicating higher levels of hopelessness).
- Suicidal ideation scores on the Concise Health Risk Tracking scale (scores range from 12 to 60, with higher scores indicating higher levels of suicidal ideation)
- Depression scores on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report (scores range from 0 to 27, with higher scores indicating higher levels of depression)
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Positive psychology intervention
4-week positive psychology intervention of 1 positive psychology exercise per week. Exercises will include 1) recalling 3 good events, 2) writing a letter of thankfulness, 3) using a personal strength, 4) envisioning a best possible future.
|Behavioral: Positive psychology intervention|
Active Comparator: Recollection intervention
4-week recollection intervention of 1 recollection exercise per week. Exercises will include recalling events related to 1) daily activities, 2) health, 3) social life, 4) morning and evening.
|Behavioral: Recollection intervention|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeff C Huffman, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|