CAUSE Trial: Patient Specific-Cellular Characterization of Fibromuscular Dysplasia and High-Risk Atherosclerotic Endothelium

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01808729
First received: March 7, 2013
Last updated: November 4, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this project is to see if heritable alterations in the function, biology and vascular repair capacity of vascular cells make a major contribution to the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD), fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), and other vascular diseases.

In more detail, FMD is a nonatherosclerotic vascular disease that primarily affects women aged 20 to 60. It commonly affects the renal and carotid arteries but may involve almost every artery in the body. At the cellular level, FMD is characterized by increased fibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition. This study aims to define some of these cellular problems by directly studying fibroblast cells from FMD patients and healthy control subjects. Similarly, CAD is among the leading causes of death worldwide. However, a large part of the risk for CAD is unexplained. It is thought that a major but undefined risk factor may be gene (genomic) variations causing a change in vascular cell function. Here, we will study important vascular cell types in patients with severe and early onset CAD in an attempt to define these problems. Therefore, in summary, this study will look to define the various cellular-level problems that occur in patients with both in CAD and FMD. These data will be linked to DNA-level analyses to ultimately attempt to define the cause of these conditions.


Condition
Fibromuscular Dysplasia
Early Onset CAD

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: The CAUSE Trial: Genomics of Extreme Trait-Coronary Artery Disease Cells and Fibromuscular Dysplasia Using Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Endothelial Cells

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mount Sinai School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Phenotypic cellular differences (fibroblasts and/or ps-iPSC-ECs) between cases and controls [ Time Frame: baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We aim to define the underlying basis of FMD, early onset CAD and other rare vascular diseases using a combination of cellular phenotyping, DNA and plasma analysis comparing data between cases and controls at baseline with data collected from hospital chart review.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

DNA from leukocytes, plasma, fibroblasts and fibroblast-derived cell lines


Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: February 2013
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
FMD or CAD (as appropriate)
The study group will either have FMD, early onset CAD, or other rare/unusual vascular disorder. These differing disorders will be sub-groups within the overall study
Healthy control subjects without vascular disease
Healthy controls will not exhibit signs, symptoms or other evidence of vascular disease.

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this project is to see if heritable alterations in the function, biology and vascular repair capacity of vascular cells make a major contribution to the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD), fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), and other vascular diseases.

Patients will be referred for this study by their physician if he/she feels that the patient qualifies for entry into the study based upon the Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria and is expected by their physician to be a suitable candidate. This will include: 1) patients with FMD and non-affected control subjects, 2) patients with early onset CAD in the absence of significant CAD risk factors, or matching healthy controls those with ≥2 cardiovascular risk factors and no CAD (those with angiographically 'normal' coronary arteries). Also, as an extension of this study, patients with rare, undiagnosed or unusual forms of CAD (e.g. unexplained dissection, fulminant calcification, aneurysms etc.) and appropriate controls, will be recruited, particularly if there is a strong family pedigree.

This study will include collection of whole blood for subsequent DNA isolation and sequencing, a plasma sample, and a skin biopsy. Blood will be handled in a standard fashion to obtain DNA from leukocytes and plasma. These will be stored pending later batched analysis. Once the skin biopsy tissue is collected, the tissue will be sent to the lab for further processing. The initial step is that we will derive fibroblasts from the skin biopsies. In brief, the biopsies are washed, cut into small fragments are distributed on a culture dish with growth medium and incubated at 37°C. Over the next 4 - 6 weeks, fibroblasts progressively grow and can be collected. We may then induce these fibroblasts to undergo changes so that they become stem cells (called "induced pluripotent stem cells" or iPSCs). Once we have made iPSCs, we can then make endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs), or in fact, many other cell types. The cells can be frozen until analysis, or until experiments are done in the future. All of the derived cells (fibroblasts, iPSCs and iPSC-ECs) generated under this protocol will be kept indefinitely, and may be used for future studies into the causes and other aspects of FMD or CAD.

This study is not concerned with any clinical events after patient enrollment. Only clinical events that have occurred prior to enrollment (e.g. prior myocardial infarction, stroke, dissection) will be recorded. Once we have obtained these cells, detailed cellular and molecular analyses will be performed to study the particular cellular defects that are associated with these differing conditions. This data will be combined with the DNA- and plasma-derived data in an attempt to define the underlying basis for these disorders.

As this is not a treatment, no alternative treatment options apply. The subject can decide not to participate in the trial. No benefit can be promised to any subject in this study. The information gained may benefit others with the same condition.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Eligible subjects will be recruited from the clinical care areas of Mount Sinai Hospital, including outpatient clinics and the catheterization laboratory. Subjects will either have a confirmed diagnosis of FMD, early onset CAD, or other rare vascular disease as outlined above. Healthy controls will also be selected as age- and gender- matched persons without these disorders, ideally healthy related siblings if available.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of FMD based on current guideline criteria and relevant imaging results.
  • For ET-CAD (early onset CAD) = patients <50 years of age for males and <55 for females with >60% stenosis in ≥2 coronary arteries or their branches, or SYNTAX score ≥12 (significant CAD), in the absence of acquired CAD risk factors.
  • Patients with >60% stenosis in ≥2 coronary arteries or their branches, or SYNTAX score ≥12, will also be eligible for the ET-CAD group as follows: a) <40 years of age for males and <45 for females in the presence of one acquired risk factor; b) <35 years of age for males or females and two acquired risk factors.
  • Patients already having undergone revascularization will be eligible if other criteria are fulfilled and an aggregate SYNTAX score of ≥12 would have been reached for all treated lesions, or there was disease in ≥2 coronary arteries or their branches, according to the criteria (1) and (2) above.
  • For Healthy Controls = age matched patients who have undergone angiography and who do not have CAD ('normal coronary arteries'; SYNTAX score = 0) but with ≥2 acquired CAD risk factors. Control subjects for the FMD studies will be unaffected family members, or unrelated persons matched for age and gender.
  • For all subjects, other inclusion criteria are:
  • a. Age >18 years;
  • b. Fluency in English or Spanish (Spanish consent forms will be provided);
  • c. Freely willing to participate with signed informed consent.
  • Acquired Risk Factors are defined as:
  • (1) Diabetes for >2 years or HBA1C >10.0%;
  • (2) Smoker of >5 pack-years for entire lifetime;
  • (3) Obesity (BMI >30kg/m2);
  • (4) Dyslipidemia, defined by use of lipid lowering therapy, physician diagnosis of dyslipidemia, serum total cholesterol >240 mg/dL or low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol >100 mg/dL;
  • (5) Hypertension according to guidelines or requiring therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Smoking >2 packets of cigarettes/day for >12 months;
  • Prior total cholesterol level of >400mg/dl;
  • BMI >40 kg/m2;
  • Uncontrolled or severe diabetes with prior hospitalization due to diabetic complications other than at diagnosis;
  • For ET-CAD patients: Uncontrolled or severe hypertension causing hospitalization or direct complications;
  • Serum creatinine ≥2.0 mg/dL;
  • Heart transplantation;
  • Active autoimmune disease;
  • Illicit drug use;
  • HIV positive;
  • Prior malignancy with mediastinal irradiation, bone marrow transplantation or high-dose chemotherapy;
  • Adult congenital heart disease;
  • For healthy controls only, a positive family history of CAD or FMD.

Also, as an extension of this study, patients presenting with rare, undiagnosed or unusual forms of CAD (e.g. unexplained dissection, fulminant calcification, aneurysms etc.) and FMD and appropriate controls, will be recruited, particularly if there is a strong family pedigree.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01808729

Locations
United States, New York
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jason Kovacic, MD Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mount Sinai School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01808729     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 11-1601, HS#: 11-02041
Study First Received: March 7, 2013
Last Updated: November 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Mount Sinai School of Medicine:
fibromuscular dysplasia
coronary artery disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Fibromuscular Dysplasia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014