Intranasal Insulin: A Novel Treatment for Gulf War Multisymptom Illness

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2014 by Bronx Veterans Medical Research Foundation, Inc
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
VA Boston Healthcare System
Boston University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bronx Veterans Medical Research Foundation, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01802944
First received: February 19, 2013
Last updated: April 23, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

Following their deployment to the 1991 Gulf War, many veterans (GWV) reported a constellation of unexplained health symptoms; common among them were attention and memory difficulties, fatigue, joint pain, headaches, gastrointestinal complaints, and mood and sleep problems. Despite the passage of time, the symptom complex persists for many veterans. Indeed, it is estimated that at least 25 percent of GWV (nearly 170,000 veterans) have a persistent form of chronic multisymptom illness (CMI). GW deployed veterans are also developing significantly more chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, and coronary heart disease than their non-deployed veteran peers putting these individuals at risk for accelerated aging-related diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system (CNS). Recent studies have shown a slowing of response speed that affects mental flexibility across multiple cognitive domains (memory, attention, visuospatial functions) especially on tests that were timed and computerized and where small differences in cognitive reaction times could be measured. Recent studies also have suggested that the response inhibition deficits shown in GWV may reflect executive system dysfunction as reflected by slower motor responses across multiple cognitive domains.

To date, there are no treatments that have been shown to improve the health or cognitive difficulties of GW veterans; thus there is an urgent need to establish effective, safe, and tolerable treatments for GW CMI. Previous studies in other cognitive disorders have found that intranasal insulin improves memory, attention, and mood, reduces neuroinflammation, and modulates cortisol levels; it has also been identified as a treatment that has the capacity to alter many of the leading problems of GW CMI.

During this study there are 2 treatment groups and a placebo group that will last for 8 weeks. The treatment groups will self-administer their designated dosage of insulin through a nasal pump twice a day, while the placebo group will administer saline through a nasal pump twice a day. These doses have been shown to be effective and safe. The primary outcome measure will assess improvements in verbal delayed memory using a specific list learning task and on a measure of selective attention. The study will assess improvements in overall physical health and mood by asking the participants to complete self report questionnaires. Neuroendocrine measures will also be obtained in order to evaluate changes in glucose, insulin, and cortisol levels and examine their impact on GW CMI.

Intranasal insulin has shown great promise in improving memory, attention, and mood in both older adults with cognitive impairment as well as normal subjects. Thus, this proposal could prove intranasal insulin to be an effective, safe, and affordable therapy for these ailing veterans.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Multisymptom Illness in Gulf War Veterans
Device: Intranasal Insulin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intranasal Insulin: A Novel Treatment for Gulf War Multisymptom Illness

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bronx Veterans Medical Research Foundation, Inc:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Memory Functioning [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the efficacy of two different doses (10 IU BID and 20 IU BID) of daily intranasal insulin for eight weeks on memory functioning in Gulf War Veterans with Chronic Multisymptom Illness. The primary clinical outcome measure will be a change in the performance on the delayed verbal memory score on a list learning task (California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT). To determine the sustainability of change in cognitive status, the response from treatment endpoint (end of 8-week treatment period) to one month follow-up (post end of 8-week treatment period) will also be assessed for the primary outcome measure.

  • Attention Functioning [ Time Frame: Eight Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the efficacy of two different doses (10 IU BID and 20 IU BID) of daily intranasal insulin for eight weeks on attention functioning in Gulf War Veterans with Chronic Multisymptom Illness. The primary clinical outcome measure will be a change in performance on a selective attention task (Stroop Color-Word Interference Task) from treatment baseline to endpoint. To determine the sustainability of change in cognitive status, the response from treatment endpoint (end of 8-week treatment period) to one month follow-up (post end of 8-week treatment period) will also be assessed for the outcome measure.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Physical Health [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An outcome measure will be the changes in physical health over the course of active treatment. The primary measure of physical health will be the Physical Components Score (PCS) from the Standard Form 12-veteran version (SF-12V). The clinical outcome measure will be the change in PCS score from treatment baseline to endpoint. To determine the sustainability of change in PCS scores, the response from treatment endpoint to one month follow-up will also be assessed.

  • Mood [ Time Frame: Eight Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An outcome measure will be the changes in mood over the course of active treatment. The primary measure of mood will be obtained from the Profile of Mood States (POMS) vigor scale. The clinical outcome measure will be the change in POMS scores from treatment baseline to endpoint. To determine the sustainability of change in POMS scores, the response from treatment endpoint to one month follow-up will also be assessed.


Estimated Enrollment: 114
Study Start Date: April 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 10 IU BID
10 IU BID
Device: Intranasal Insulin
Experimental: 20 IU BID
20 IU BID
Device: Intranasal Insulin

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 89 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is a veteran of the 1991 Gulf War.
  • Veteran meets criteria for chronic multisymptom illness based Kansas Gulf War Study (Steele, 2000) criteria and must meet criteria in the cognitive symptom domain.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Veteran lacks the capacity to provide consent.
  • Veteran has diabetes, a major medical or neurological disorder or moderate-severe traumatic brain injury.
  • Veteran has a history of hypoglycemia.
  • Veteran is taking oral or nasal corticosteroids, insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents.
  • Veteran has an irregular nasal cavity (i.e. nasal polyps etc.) or is using nasal sprays on a regular basis.
  • Veteran has a lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or type I bipolar disorder.
  • Veteran is at high risk from a mental perspective as evidence by having been psychiatrically hospitalized or attempted suicide within the previous 2 years or has current active suicidal ideation.
  • Veteran is pregnant or breastfeeding or plans to become pregnant within the year.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01802944

Contacts
Contact: Emily K Chapman, BA (718) 584-9000 ext 6587 Emily.Chapman@va.gov

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
VA Boston Healthcare System Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02130
Contact: Maxine Krengel, PhD    617-232-9500    Maxine.Krengel@va.gov   
Principal Investigator: Maxine Krengel, PhD         
United States, New York
James J. Peters VA Medical Center Recruiting
Bronx, New York, United States, 10468
Contact: Julia A Golier, MD    718-584-9000 ext 5196    Julia.Golier@va.gov   
Principal Investigator: Julia A Golier, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bronx Veterans Medical Research Foundation, Inc
VA Boston Healthcare System
Boston University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Bronx Veterans Medical Research Foundation, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01802944     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GW110054
Study First Received: February 19, 2013
Last Updated: April 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014