Cognitive De-Biasing and the Assessment of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
The primary aim is to test the efficacy of a new intervention to improve clinical judgment. The investigators focus on the assessment of pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), a controversial diagnosis with frequent diagnostic errors, by educating mental health professionals in common cognitive pitfalls and training them in recommended de-biasing strategies. The investigators hypothesize that the Treatment group will show higher diagnostic accuracy than the Control condition: Participants receiving the cognitive de-biasing intervention will be less likely to commit faulty heuristics and race/ethnicity bias. Secondary aims include soliciting feedback about whether the skills were useful when diagnosing the vignettes, and whether skills and cases seem clinically realistic.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Decision Making and Mental Health: Cognitive De-Biasing and the Assessment of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder|
- Diagnostic accuracy [ Time Frame: one time, immediately following Web-based presentation(s) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants in treatment and control conditions report vignette characters' probable diagnoses after reading each vignette. These diagnoses were rated on a 3-point Likert scale of (1 = inaccurate diagnosis, 2 = somewhat accurate, and 3 = accurate diagnosis) using criteria established by the research team (which includes expert diagnosticians).
- Clinician attitudes toward intervention [ Time Frame: one time, immediately after Web-based intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants in the treatment group complete a brief questionnaire (4 items) about their attitudes toward the cognitive de-biasing intervention. This measure describes different aspects of the intervention (e.g., how helpful it was in making diagnostic decisions), and requires participants to make ratings on a 6-point scale: (1) strong agree; (2) agree; (3) somewhat agree; (4) somewhat disagree; (5) disagree; and, (6) strong disagree.
|Study Start Date:||September 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Treatment: Decision Making Tutorial
A brief presentation on mood disorders (i.e., Control condition) combined with the intervention (i.e., Treatment condition): a 20-minute training on decision-making errors and cognitive de-biasing strategies.
Behavioral: Decision Making Tutorial
A web-based presentation focused on key "cognitive de-biasing" strategies, including helping clinician participants: consider alternative diagnoses (e.g., symptom checklists); decrease reliance on memory (e.g., mnemonics); and incorporate Bayesian reasoning (e.g., actuarial approaches).
No Intervention: Control
A brief presentation about mood disorders.
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 100 participants will test the efficacy of a new intervention to improve clinical judgment.
Eligible participants will be licensed or currently supervised by a licensed mental health professional and have experience working with pediatric populations.
Participants will be randomly assigned to either Treatment or Control conditions. All participants receive a 5 minute pre-recorded presentation about mood disorders, then read several case vignettes and respond to questions regarding judgments about probable diagnoses and next clinical actions.
Study administration is Web-based via a secure portal. After answering questions to confirm eligibility and provide informed consent, participants will complete a background questionnaire. The Web software, Qualtrics, will randomize participants to watch a brief presentation on mood disorders (i.e., Control condition) versus the same presentation on mood disorders combined with the intervention (i.e., Treatment condition). The intervention is a 20-minute training on decision-making errors and cognitive de-biasing strategies.
Next, all participants review four clinical vignettes. Using only four vignettes reduces participant burden and maximizes response rate. Qualtrics presents the case vignettes in random orders.
After completing the last vignette and corresponding questions, participants in the treatment condition rate their experience of the intervention. These questions address the secondary study aims: (a) how participants will use these new techniques in their clinical practice; and, (b) how the investigators can tailor the intervention to make it even more user-friendly and appealing to clinical audiences.
|United States, North Carolina|
|University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599|
|Principal Investigator:||Melissa M Jenkins, M.A.||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|
|Study Chair:||Eric A Youngstrom, Ph.D.||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|