Accuracy of TCD Monitoring in Predicting Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome After Carotid Endarterectomy
Background: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a life threatening complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and the changes of middle cerebral artery velocity are used to predict the occurrence of CHS but the accuracy is limited. In addition, changes of BP post-operatively comparing with baseline BP should be a predictive factor of CHS.
Objective: The investigators aimed to create a predictive index, velocity systolic blood pressure index (VSI), for improving the predictive power of Transcranial Doppler monitoring regarding CHS.
Methods: The study design is a diagnostic test, which is an observational analytic clinical study. From March 2013 to September 2014, 200 patients will be recruited. Patients will be classified according to the CHS occurrence. VSI combined the changes of middle cerebral artery velocity and blood pressure crossing CEA and the intra- and post-operative increase ratios of middle cerebral artery velocity were calculated. Their prediction power of CHS will be compared. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of them will be calculated. Receiver operating characteristic analysis will be performed.
Expected Outcomes: Comparing with the commonly used intra-operative and post-operative TCD monitoring, VSI may be more useful to select CHS in patients who underwent CEA. As far as the investigators know, analysis or studies combining the BP and velocity changes in the prediction of CHS have never been performed.
Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Velocity Systolic Blood Pressure Index in Accurately Predicting Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome After Carotid Endarterectomy|
- cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome [ Time Frame: within 7 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]CHS will be diagnosed if (1) the patient developed symptoms that ipsilateral moderate or severe headache, confusion, seizures, intracranial hemorrhage or focal neurological deficits after a symptom-free interval. (2) symptoms not secondary to cerebral ischemia which will be excluded by CT or MRI. (3) MCAV increasing >100% from baseline which identified by TCD. (4) within 7 days after surgery. (5) An independent neurologist made the diagnosis of CHS.
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This study is designed as a standard diagnostic test. It is designed to verify the predictive power of VSI with CHS, and which is an observational analytic clinical study. The investigative parameters of patients will be collected prospectively by the designed case report form. According to the incidence of CHS, the estimated enrollment amount is set as 200. Patients will be recruited by the inclusion and exclusion criteria below. All the patients included will accept the standard CEA surgery treatment in the department of vascular surgery of PUMCH. MCAV and systolic BP data will be recorded cross CEA. Post-operatively the CHS patients will be identified according to the golden standard. The golden standard is the clinical diagnose of CHS (the detailed diagnostic criteria will be stated in the methodology part). The TCD operator is blind to the patients. The predictive power of VSI will be identified by the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and ROC plot comparing with the golden standard. The study start date is March 2013, the estimated study completion date is December 2014 and the primary completion date is September 2014 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure).
|Contact: Bao Liu, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|vascular surgery department of PUMCH||Not yet recruiting|
|Beijing, Beijing, China, 100730|
|Principal Investigator: Bao Liu, MD|
|Principal Investigator: Changwei Liu, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Zhichao Lai, MD|