Attention Intervention Management (AIM)
This is a research study to learn if a computer-based intervention that provides direct attention and metacognitive strategy development can improve attention, memory, and executive control in adolescents with moderate-to-severe TBI who are experiencing attention difficulties post injury.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Head Injuries, Closed
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Traumatic Brain Injury Interventions--Attention Intervention Management|
- Parent-report changes in attention and executive function skills will be measured at 12 weeks post-baseline [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Teacher-report changes in attention and executive function skills will be measured at 12 weeks post-baseline [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
An online, 12 week research study to learn if a computer-based intervention that provides direct attention and metacognitive strategy development can improve attention, memory, and executive control in adolescents with moderate-to-severe TBI who are experiencing attention difficulties post injury.
|No Intervention: Wait List Control|
Impairments in attention are among the symptoms most frequently reported by parents and teachers following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI_. These cognitive disabilities are responsible for a wide range of academic and adjustment issues. Broadly defined, attention encompasses all of the mental processes, operations, and systems requisite for acquiring and applying information. It interacts with other cognitive functions including perception, memory/learning, organization, and reasoning; attention is core to the integration of those systems. A number of different attentional subcomponents with interconnected neural systems have been identified and shown to be differentially disrupted following trauma and other brain disorders, including maintenance or sustained attention, attentional selectivity, attentional capacity, and ability to effectively shift attention. Given the prevalence of attention difficulties and secondary attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) following TBI, it is imperative to identify treatments to effectively address attention impairments.
The study will develop and pilot the Attention Intervention and Management program (AIM). AIM focuses on direct attention training in conjunction with metacognitive strategy training. Strategies are designed to improve focus and self regulation, reduce distractions, and enhance problem solving in academic settings. Integration of attention training and metacognitive strategies will help to ensure that the student can apply the skills across settings and situations.
The Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) in Phase 2 of this project will address two interrelated hypotheses:
Hypothesis 1: Children receiving the Attention Intervention and Management (AIM) program will evidence better performance on standardized tests of attention and executive functions (EF) than those in the wait list control (WLC) group.
Hypothesis 2: Children receiving AIM will have fewer attention and EF problems than those in the WLC on parent and teacher rating scales of attention and EF.
Participants will include children ages 10-16 with significant evidence of attentional impairments.
|Contact: Holly MacPhersonemail@example.com|
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229|
|Contact: Holly MacPherson 513-636-2981 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Shari L Wade, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Shari L Wade, PhD||Cincinnati Children's Hosiptal Medical Center|
|Principal Investigator:||McKay M Sohlberg, PhD||University of Oregon|