Training Study to Characterize Biomarkers to Chickenpox and Yellow Fever Vaccines

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified September 2013 by University of Surrey
Innovative Medicines Initiative.
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Surrey Identifier:
First received: November 15, 2012
Last updated: September 17, 2013
Last verified: September 2013

It is thought that vaccines trigger innate inflammatory responses to induce antigenspecific adaptive immunity (the desired effect), but excessive inflammation may lead to serious inflammatory complications or unwanted side effects. Currently there is a lack of reliable biomarkers (a measurable biological response that predicts something) able to predict severe inflammation and this has resulted in the development of several vaccines being terminated and the withdrawal of some licensed vaccines which were associated with inflammatory complications.

This study is part of the BIOVACSAFE project which is a 5year €30M project funded by the Innovative Medicine Initiative. The project involves a series of clinical studies using licensed vaccines as benchmarks to generate clinical data on inflammation and identify biomarkers that can be used to predict acceptable reactogenicity. The target is to identify biomarkers that can predict the occurrence of beneficial and detrimental effects in response to a vaccine. Such biomarkers could be used in future vaccine development programs to optimize selection of vaccine candidates with a profile that will be unlikely to generate worrisome safety signals once they are in generalized use.

This study is one in a series of "training" studies which will each use different licensed vaccines that are prototypical representatives of a class of vaccine used in a particular target population. Forty eight subjects will be randomised into three groups to receive: A) Varicella zoster vaccine (n = 20), B) Yellow Fever vaccine (n = 20), C) Saline placebo (n = 8). Following a screening visit, participants will undergo a seven day residential visit which will include immunization and intensive monitoring of physiological (e.g. heart rate, oral temperature, blood pressure) metabolic and immune (innate and adaptive) parameters. This visit will be followed up by four outpatient visits with further monitoring and blood samples.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: Varicella-zoster virus
Biological: Yellow Fever Vaccine
Biological: Placebo
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Clinical Study to Generate an Exploratory Training Set of Data Characterising Clinical Events, Physiological and Metabolic Responses, and Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses Following a Single Subcutaneous Immunisation With Either "Varilrix" Varicella-zoster Vaccine, "Stamaril" Yellow Fever Vaccine or Saline Placebo in Healthy Adults With Evidence of Pre-existing Immunity to Varicella-zoster and no Existing Immunity to Yellow Fever.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Surrey:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline values of global gene expression in whole blood. [ Time Frame: Visits 1 (Day -28 to -2), 2 (Day -1 to +5) , 3 (Day 7), 4 Day 14), 5 (Day 21) and 6 (Day 28). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects experiencing vaccine-related clinical events following administration of first dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Visits 2 (Day -1 to +5) , 3 (Day 7), 4 Day 14), 5 (Day 21) and 6 (Day 28). ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from baseline values of copy number of yellow fever virus in plasma. [ Time Frame: Visits 2 (Day -1 to +5) , 3 (Day 7), 4 Day 14), 5 (Day 21) and 6 (Day 28). ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from baseline values in concentration of serum anti-yellow fever antibodies. [ Time Frame: Visits 1 (Day -28 to -2), 2 (Day -1 to +5) , 3 (Day 7), 4 Day 14), 5 (Day 21) and 6 (Day 28). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Varilrix
Participants receive one dose of 'Varilrix' varicella-zoster vaccine.
Biological: Varicella-zoster virus
Other Name: Varilrix
Experimental: Stamaril
Participants receive one dose of 'Stamaril' yellow fever vaccine.
Biological: Yellow Fever Vaccine
Other Name: Stamaril
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants receive one injection of placebo.
Biological: Placebo
Other Name: Placebo


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy male or female subjects aged 18-45 years inclusive. Randomisation will ensure equal numbers of men and women.
  2. The subject is, in the opinion of the investigator, healthy on the basis of medical history, vital signs, and the results of routine laboratory tests with no active disease process that could interfere with the study endpoints.
  3. Body Mass Index ≥18.5 and <29.5
  4. The subject is able to read and understand the Informed Consent Form (ICF), and understand study procedures.
  5. The subject has signed the ICF.
  6. As subjects must be eligible to be randomised to any of the treatment groups they must fulfil the immune status eligibility for both group A & B:

    1. The subject is immune to varicella zoster confirmed on screening by a varicella zoster serum antibody titre by ELISA test (cutoff: 25 mIU/mL)
    2. The subject is seronegative to flaviviruses as confirmed by ELISA test with a predetermined cutoff The expected situation in the UK is that >95% of healthy subjects will be varicella immune, and very few will be yellowfever immune. The requirement for dual eligibility for group A & B is not therefore expected to impact significantly on recruitment.
  7. Available for followup for the duration of the study.
  8. Agree to abstain from donating blood during and for three months after the end of their participation in the study, or longer if necessary.
  9. If heterosexually active female, willing to use an effective method of contraception with partner (any hormonal contraception e.g oral contraceptive pill; progesterone only pill; intrauterine device; injectable or implanted contraceptive; condoms incorporating spermicide if using these; physiological or anatomical sterility) from 30 days prior to, and 3 months after, vaccination. Willing to undergo urine pregnancy tests prior to vaccination and blood pregnancy test at screening and final follow up.
  10. The subject selfreports at screening that for the past month they have had regular sleep pattern with bedtime occurring between 22:00 and 01:00 h.
  11. The subject has venous access sufficient to allow blood sampling as per the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Significant dietary restrictions (e.g. vegan, lactose intolerant, but vegetarian acceptable) or lifethreatening food allergies (e.g. anaphylaxis related nut allergies).
  2. Pregnant or lactating at any point during the study from screening to final follow up.
  3. As subjects must be eligible to be randomised to any of the treatment groups they must fulfil the vaccine contraindications eligibility for both group A & B:

    1. History of hypersensitivity to neomycin (other than contact dermatitis), any of the excipients in the vaccine (amino acids, human albumin, lactose, mannitol, sorbitol) or to any other varicella vaccine.
    2. Known hypersensitivity to a first dose of Varilrix.
    3. Previous receipt of a yellow fever vaccine
    4. History of hypersensitivity to eggs, chicken proteins or any component of Stamaril (Lactose, Sorbitol E420,L-histidine hydrochloride, L-alanine, Sodium chloride, Potassium chloride, Disodium phosphate, Monopotassium phosphate, Calcium chloride, Magnesium sulphate)
  4. Presence of primary or acquired immunodeficiency states with a total lymphocyte count less than 1,200 per mm3 or presenting other evidence of lack of cellular immune competence e.g. leukaemias, lymphomas, blood dyscrasias, or patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy (including regular use of oral, inhaled, topical or parenteral corticosteroids).
  5. Use of any immune suppressing or immunomodulating drugs within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening).
  6. Regular use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (by any route of administration including topical) within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening) considered by the study physician as likely to interfere with immune responses.
  7. Receipt of a vaccine within 30 days of visit 2, or requirement to receive another vaccine within the study period.
  8. Presence of an acute severe febrile illness at time of immunisation.
  9. History of alcohol, narcotic, benzodiazepine, or other substance abuse or dependence within the 12 months preceding Visit 1.
  10. Currently participating in another clinical study with an investigational or noninvestigational drug or device, or has participated in a clinical trial within the 3 months preceding Visit 1.
  11. Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, compromises the subject's ability to meet protocol requirements or to complete the study.
  12. Receipt of blood products or immunoglobin, or blood donation, within 3 months of screening.
  13. Unable to read and speak English to a fluency level adequate for the full comprehension of procedures required in participation and consent.
  14. An average weekly alcohol intake that exceeds 14 or 21 units per week for females and males, respectively (1 unit = 12 oz or 360ml of beer; 5oz or 150ml of wine; 1.5oz or 45ml of distilled spirits), or unwilling to stop alcohol consumption for each treatment period during the study.
  15. Currently smokes in excess of 5 cigarettes/day or use tobacco or nicotine substitutes (within the last 6 months of screening), or subjects unwilling to refrain from smoking or are unable to abide by Surrey CRC restrictions.
  16. Consumes excessive amounts, defined as greater than 4 servings (1 serving is approximately equivalent to 120mg caffeine) of coffee, tea, cola, or other caffeinated beverages/food per day.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01765413

Contact: Julia Lawson +44 800 269 847
Contact: Jennifer Stuart +44 800 269 847

United Kingdom
University of Surrey, (Surrey Clinical Research Centre) Recruiting
Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom, GU2 7XP
Contact: Julia Lawson    +44 800 269 847   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Surrey
Innovative Medicines Initiative.
Sanofi Pasteur, a Sanofi Company
Principal Investigator: David J Lewis University of Surrey
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Surrey Identifier: NCT01765413     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CRC305A
Study First Received: November 15, 2012
Last Updated: September 17, 2013
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Research Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by University of Surrey:
To identify
of vaccine safety

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Yellow Fever
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections processed this record on April 15, 2014