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Goal Achievement After Utilizing an Anti-PCSK9 Antibody in Statin Intolerant Subjects -2 (GAUSS-2)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01763905
First received: January 7, 2013
Last updated: May 29, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The primary hypothesis is that both dosing regimens of Evolocumab (AMG 145) will be well tolerated and will result in greater reduction of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL-C), than ezetimibe in hypercholesterolemic subjects unable to tolerate an effective dose of a statin.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hyperlipidemia
Biological: Evolocumab (AMG 145)
Other: Placebo (administered subcutaneously)
Drug: Ezetimibe
Other: Placebo (administered orally)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Randomized, Multicenter Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Evolocumab (AMG 145), Compared With Ezetimibe, in Hypercholesterolemic Subjects Unable to Tolerate an Effective Dose of a HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean percent change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Percent change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Mean low density lipoprotein-cholesterol response (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol < 70 mg/dL [1.8 mmol/L]) [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean low density lipoprotein-cholesterol response (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol < 70 mg/dL [1.8 mmol/L])

  • Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol response (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol < 70 mg/dL [1.8 mmol/L]) [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol response (low density lipoprotein-cholesterol < 70 mg/dL [1.8 mmol/L])

  • Mean percent change from baseline in non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Percent change from baseline in non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Mean percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B

  • Percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B

  • Mean percent change from baseline in the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio

  • Percent change from baseline in the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio

  • Mean percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio

  • Percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 ratio

  • Mean percent change from baseline in lipoprotein (a) [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in lipoprotein (a)

  • Percent change from baseline in lipoprotein (a) [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in lipoprotein (a)

  • Mean percent change from baseline in triglycerides [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in triglycerides

  • Percent change from baseline in triglycerides [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in triglycerides

  • Mean percent change from baseline in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Percent change from baseline in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Mean percent change from baseline in very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 10 and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean percent change from baseline in very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol

  • Percent change from baseline in very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from baseline in very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol


Enrollment: 307
Study Start Date: January 2013
Study Completion Date: January 2014
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Dose 1 of subcutaneous Evolocumab(AMG 145) every 2 weeks and placebo orally/daily
Biological: Evolocumab (AMG 145)
Subjects will receive Evolocumab (AMG 145) every 2 weeks or monthly
Other: Placebo (administered orally)
Subject will receive Placebo daily
Experimental: Arm 2
Dose 2 of subcutaneous Evolocumab(AMG 145) monthly and placebo orally/daily
Biological: Evolocumab (AMG 145)
Subjects will receive Evolocumab (AMG 145) every 2 weeks or monthly
Other: Placebo (administered orally)
Subject will receive Placebo daily
Active Comparator: Arm 3
Dose 3 of subcutaneous placebo every 2 weeks and Ezetimibe orally/daily
Other: Placebo (administered subcutaneously)
Subjects will receive Placebo every 2 weeks or monthly. All patients at screening will participate in the placebo run-in.
Drug: Ezetimibe
Subjects will receive Ezetimibe daily
Active Comparator: Arm 4
Dose 4 of subcutaneous placebo monthly and Ezetimibe orally/daily
Other: Placebo (administered subcutaneously)
Subjects will receive Placebo every 2 weeks or monthly. All patients at screening will participate in the placebo run-in.
Drug: Ezetimibe
Subjects will receive Ezetimibe daily

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female ≥ 18 to ≤ 80 years of age
  • Not on a statin or on a low dose statin with stable dose for at least 4 weeks
  • History of intolerance to at least 2 statins
  • Subject not at LDL-C goal
  • Lipid lowering therapy has been stable prior to enrolment for at least 4 weeks.
  • Fasting triglycerides ≤ 400 mg/dL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • NYHA III or IV heart failure
  • Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Type 1 diabetes, poorly controlled type 2 diabetes
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01763905

  Show 58 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Amgen

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01763905     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20110116
Study First Received: January 7, 2013
Last Updated: May 29, 2014
Health Authority: Hong Kong: Department of Health
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut
Spain: Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios
South Africa: Medicines Control Council
Switzerland: Swissmedic
Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Denmark: Danish Health and Medicines Authority
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Canada: Health Canada
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Amgen:
High Cholesterol, Treatment for high cholesterol, Lowering cholesterol, Lowering high cholesterol, Hypercholesterolemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hyperlipidemias
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Ezetimibe
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Anticholesteremic Agents
Antimetabolites
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014