The Role of Myocardial SPECT in Evaluation of Irradiation-induced Changes.
Helical tomotherapy nowadays provides the most precise data on radiotherapy (RT) dose delivered to each region of the heart in left-sided breast cancer therapy, which allows greater sparing of the heart from doses associated with increased complications. However, heart disease shows a wide spectrum of pathologies, and multiple risk factors related. The damage of the myocytes may lead to not only myocardial perfusion defects, but also in functional deterioration, or even in biomarkers. In this study, we will monitor cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, metabolism, biomarkers, myocardial perfusion defect patterns, and cardiac functional parameters, in order to delineate of RT-related effects and clinical impacts.
Objective: The pilot study aims to investigate the correlation of post-tomotherapy cardiovascular effects with myocardial perfusion and cardiac functional studies.
Methods: The study plans to enroll female breast cancer patients who will undergo local RT after their surgery. Patients will receive global risk scoring assessment (Framingham Risk Score, FRS), blood sampling for basic biochemistry, inflammatory biomarker, and myocardial perfusion image (MPI) at the time points of before and after RT. The results of MPI will be analyzed in qualitative visual interpretation of perfusion patterns, and functional quantitative data for cardiac functional parameters as well. The patients will be regular followed-up in CV OPD. The association between baseline and follow-up MPI, biomarker and clinical presentation will be further investigated.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Role of Myocardial SPECT in Evaluation of Irradiation-induced Changes With Myocardial Perfusion, Cardiac Function, Metabolism and Clinical Prognosis.|
- To investigate the correlation of post-RT cardiovascular effects with myocardial Tl-201 myocardial perfusion images [ Time Frame: Dec, 2013 (after 12 months of baseline study). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]By literature reviewing, cardiovascular functional status in patients received helical tomography has not been fully investigated yet. And the post-therapeutic heart disease tends to show a wide spectrum of pathologies and multiple risk factors. We will monitor risk factors of underlying disease, family history, metabolism, biomarkers, myocardial perfusion defect patterns, and cardiac functional parameters, in order to delineation of RT-related effects and clinical prognosis.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Venous blood sampling
|Study Start Date:||December 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Breast cancer female s/p scheduled RT will be arranged to undergo Thallium-201 Myocardial Perfusion Study. The scheduled RT will be arranged by clinical judgments of radiation-oncologists. All of the patients will receive myocardial SPECT before and after the scheduled RT. Comparing the clinical follow-up data between different groups (left-sided s/p tomography, left-sided s/p conventional RT, and right-sided RT), respectively.
Radiation: Thallium-201 Myocardial Perfusion Study
One-day Tl-201 stress/rest MPI protocol with pharmacological stress, as daily practice will be applied. CZT camera with multipinhole collimator and stationary detectors scan heart simultaneously. A 10% symmetrical energy window at 140 keV was used. Electrocardiogram-gated scans will be applied. Perfusion images were reconstructed in standard axis and polar maps of the left ventricle were obtained. Scans from CZT was analyzed in consensus by two experienced readers blinded to any information on patient identification. The software package Myovation for Alcyone, QGS and QPS were used for quantitative analysis of MPI polar maps. Automated analysis to determine ejection fraction.
- Female patients with breast cancer who scheduled further regional RT. Groups of left-sided breast cancer (tomotherapy, conventional RT), and right breast cancer (conventional RT).
- Aged 20-80 years old.
- Pre-existing cardiac disease, such as prior myocardial infarction, documented CAD, congestive heart failure.
- Any medical contraindication of cardiac SPECT.
Estimated Case Number 20 female patients of each groups, respectively Group 1: Left-sided breast cancer, planning to received helical tomography Group 2: Left-sided breast cancer, planning to received local conventional RT Group 3: Right-sided breast cancer, planning to received local RT
- Patients with breast cancer s/p operation will be transferred to CV OPD for initial cardiovascular risk factors assessment.
- Past history, family history, basic lab data and Framingham cardiovascular risk assessment will be applied. Intermediated to high risk need further work-up, and undergo SPECT before further RT course.
- All enrolled subjects provide basic demographic data and sign informed consents.
- Myocardial perfusion images for baseline evaluation before RT.
- The patients received scheduled treatment plan, including RT.
- Follow-up CV OPD every 3 months.
- Post-therapeutic myocardial perfusion study 12 months after first CV OPD visit.
- Comparing the clinical follow-up data between groups, including global functional assessments, blood sampling data, myocardial perfusion scan, and quantitative cardiac functional parameters.
Myocardial perfusion study- Patients referred for SPECT MPI for evaluation of CAD underwent a 1-day Tl-201 stress/rest MPI protocol, as daily practice in FEMH. Pharmacological stress was induced by standard dipyridomale infusion. Tl-201 of 2 mCi was injected after 7 min of induced stress. Each scan will be performed on an ultrafast CZT camera (Discovery 530 NMc, GE Healthcare). CZT images were reconstructed on the workstation using a dedicated iterative algorithm with maximum likelihood expectation maximization. Perfusion images in standard axis (short axis, vertical long axis, horizontal long axis) and polar maps of the left ventricle were obtained. Scans from CZT was analyzed in consensus by two experienced readers blinded to any information on patient identification.
The software package with a 17-segment model for the left ventricle. Automated analysis of gated acquisitions from high-dose (rest) scans was performed to determine left ventricular ejection fraction. Integrated clinical information, follow-up and nuclear medicine cardiac scans performed in the time points of before & after RT will be collected and analyzed.
|Contact: Shan-Ying Wang, M.D.||+email@example.com|
|Contact: Yen-Wen Wu, Ph. Dfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Far Eastern Memorial Hospital||Recruiting|
|New Taipei City, Taiwan, 220|
|Contact +886-277282152 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Shan-Ying Wang, M.D.||Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taiwan|