Living With Frontotemporal Dementia

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2013 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01738386
First received: November 28, 2012
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the second most common cause of early-onset dementia. Alzheimer s disease is the most common. Alzheimer s disease happens most often in the elderly, but FTD typically appears between 40 and 60 years of age. It also has a strong genetic component: Up to 40% of FTD cases are linked to positive family histories. Earlier diagnoses and genetic tests mean that people with FTD will spend more years in earlier stages of disease, aware that they have it. However, few studies have looked at the personal experiences or coping styles of people with FTD. Researchers want to interview people with FTD and their caregivers to understand their experiences with the disease. This information will help create better treatments and therapies for those affected by FTD.

Objectives:

- To study the experiences of persons with FTD and their primary caregivers.

Eligibility:

  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with FTD.
  • Primary caregivers (spouse or partner at least 18 years of age) of individuals who have been diagnosed with FTD.

Design:

  • Before FTD participants are recruited, a pilot study will test the interview questions. This pilot study will be given to people with Alzheimer s disease and their caregivers. It will study how well people with dementia understand the interview questions.
  • FTD study participants will be recruited through dementia care centers.
  • All participants will have in-person interviews. These interviews will take up to 1 hour.
  • Participants with FTD will answer questions about their experience with the disease. They will talk about their mental abilities, challenges, and coping strategies.
  • Caregivers will answer questions about their experience in caring for someone with FTD. They will talk about their challenges and coping strategies. They will also talk about the person with FTD, and how aware they believe that the person is of the dementia symptoms.
  • All participants will receive a small gift card as compensation for their time.
  • No treatment will be provided as part of this study.

Condition
Adaptation

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Challenges of Living With Frontotemporal Dementia: The Perspective of the Affected Individual

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: June 2012
Detailed Description:

The purpose of the proposed study is to qualitatively explore the experience, conceptualization of disease, and coping strategies of persons with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). FTD is the second most prevalent cause of early-onset dementia after Alzheimer disease, and has a significant genetic origin. Currently, there are no published studies describing the personal experience or coping styles of individuals with FTD. To accomplish the study s objectives, semi-structured interviews will be conducted with 20 to 30 dyads of patients with FTD and their spouse/partner caregivers. The caregivers will be interviewed about the experience of the person with FTD. Both sets of interviews will be audiotaped, transcribed and subjected to thematic content analysis. Themes emerging in both members of each dyad will be compared and contrasted in order to understand the subjective experience of the disease. Insight into the personal illness experiences of individuals with FTD will inform future clinical intervention studies.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Participants with FTD must:

  • Be affected with any variant of frontotemporal dementia and have documented cognitive impairment
  • Have this diagnosis made by a behavioral neurologist, neuropsychologist, psychiatrist, or a group consensus of any of the above in a specialized dementia center

    • For patients recruited through the contact physicians at Johns Hopkins Hospital, University of Pennsylvania, or Columbia University Medical Center, this diagnosis will be verified through personal communication between the interviewer (WM) and the contact physician and through the patients medical records.
    • For patients recruited through a foundation, patient support group or Clinicaltrials.gov, the patients listed dementia care specialist will be contacted to verify the diagnosis, or the appropriate documents obtained through a release of medical information form.
  • Be assessed to be in the none (1) to mild (2) impairment category on the Dementia Disability Rating. The assessment must be performed by a dementia care specialist with a medical degree.
  • Have an onset of disease at or more than three months before the interview date. This date may or may not differ from the actual date of diagnosis.
  • Pass the consent comprehension assessment
  • Be 18 or older and speak fluent English

Caregivers participants must:

  • Be a spouse or partner who provides day-to-day care for the affected individual.
  • Spend a minimum of 16 hours per week, on average in a month, in direct contact with the affected individual.
  • NOT be a non-spousal relative, friend, healthcare provider, or hired help.
  • Pass the consent comprehension assessment
  • Be 18 or older and speak fluent English.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01738386

Contacts
Contact: Weiyi Mu (301) 496-3979 weiyi.mu@nih.gov
Contact: Barbara B Biesecker (301) 496-3979 barbarab@nhgri.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, New York
Columbia University Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032-3784
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-6056
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Barbara B Biesecker National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01738386     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999912153, 12-HG-N153
Study First Received: November 28, 2012
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Adaptation
Coping
Presenile Dementia
Caregiver Burden

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dementia
Frontotemporal Dementia
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Pick Disease of the Brain
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Aphasia
Speech Disorders
Language Disorders
Communication Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 20, 2014