A Study to Correlate Ultrasound Elastography With Histopathology to Monitor the Response of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Oxford
Oxford cancer imaging centre - OCIC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ruth English, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01737970
First received: November 20, 2012
Last updated: November 29, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

This research proposal concerns a study to monitor the effects of chemotherapy on breast cancer tumour and peritumour stromal cells using ultrasound (US) elastography (also known as strain imaging).

Many cancer treatments currently being developed are targeted; that is they exploit particular biological processes in specific cancer cell types to disrupt tumour growth. Being able to monitor the efficacy of these typically high-cost drug therapies is essential both for the best patient outcome as well as offering economical benefits to the health care system and much needed insight into future drug development.

Ultrasound provides a relatively inexpensive, non-invasive means for imaging cancers, and has been used widely in breast cancer diagnosis for many years. Its role in therapy monitoring has been suggested but has not been well explored. The purpose of this proposal is to explore this potential in more depth.

It has been identified that significant interaction takes place between tumour and stroma through all stages of tumour growth; this complex relationship is an ongoing topic of research. Fibrotic changes occur during tumour growth and are also a quintessential process of healing. Indeed, fibrosis is a common after effect to chemotherapy in many forms of cancer. Elastography is an established imaging technique (based on ultrasound or MRI) which can estimate the relative stiffness of tissues in vivo and is thus well-suited to monitor these particular biological processes.

This elucidates the main hypothesis of this project: fibrosis, cancer cell necrosis and inflammation may all contribute to a measurable response in elastography. These changes to the tissue composition can be imaged over a course of a patient's treatment to assess the response to chemo/hormonal therapy.

The ultimate project goals are to develop a clinical tool (based on ultrasound elastography) to improve treatment management in addition to offering a better biological understanding of tumour/stroma behaviour.


Condition
Breast Cancer
Neoadjuvant Therapy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: A Study to Correlate Ultrasound Elastography With Histopathology to Monitor the Response of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The ratio of average stiffness measured within the tumour over average stiffness measured in the stroma [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed over the course of chemotherapy treatment, an expected average of 18 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tissue stiffness will be used to assess a patients response to chemotherapy


Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: February 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

This research proposal concerns a study to monitor the effects of chemotherapy on breast cancer tumour and peritumour stromal cells using ultrasound (US) elastography (also known as strain imaging).

Many cancer treatments currently being developed are targeted; that is they exploit particular biological processes in specific cancer cell types to disrupt tumour growth. Being able to monitor the efficacy of these typically high-cost drug therapies is essential both for the best patient outcome as well as offering economical benefits to the health care system and much needed insight into future drug development.

Ultrasound provides a relatively inexpensive, non-invasive means for imaging cancers, and has been used widely in breast cancer diagnosis for many years. Its role in therapy monitoring has been suggested but has not been well explored. The purpose of this proposal is to explore this potential in more depth.

It has been identified that significant interaction takes place between tumour and stroma through all stages of tumour growth; this complex relationship is an ongoing topic of research. Fibrotic changes occur during tumour growth and are also a quintessential process of healing. Indeed, fibrosis is a common after effect to chemotherapy in many forms of cancer. Elastography is an established imaging technique (based on ultrasound or MRI) which can estimate the relative stiffness of tissues in vivo and is thus well-suited to monitor these particular biological processes.

This elucidates the main hypothesis of this project: fibrosis, cancer cell necrosis and inflammation may all contribute to a measurable response in elastography. These changes to the tissue composition can be imaged over a course of a patient's treatment to assess the response to chemo/hormonal therapy.

The ultimate project goals are to develop a clinical tool (based on ultrasound elastography) to improve treatment management in addition to offering a better biological understanding of tumour/stroma behaviour.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Patient will be selected from clinically diagnosed patients with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These women will be recruited through the Oxford University NHS Trust cancer centre and will consist primarily of women living within Oxfordshire.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.
  • Has an established diagnosis of locally advanced breast cancer.
  • Aged 18 years or above.
  • History of previous breast cancer does not exclude from study.
  • Having neoadjuvant chemotherapy delivered in Oxford Cancer Centre.
  • Good general health
  • Blood tests to check suitability for the diagnostic core biopsy
  • Having a localisation coil as part of routine medical care.
  • Patients who are recruited into other studies can be included if there is no conflict of interest and the patient is in agreement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any co-morbidity that is likely to prevent regular attendance.
  • Is <18 years of age or over 70 years.
  • Has a movement disorder as the patient is required to lie very still for a few minutes during the scan.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01737970

Sponsors and Collaborators
Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
University of Oxford
Oxford cancer imaging centre - OCIC
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ruth English, M.D. Oxford University NHS Trust
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ruth English, Consultant radiologist, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01737970     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12/SC/0170
Study First Received: November 20, 2012
Last Updated: November 29, 2012
Health Authority: United Kingdom: National Health Service

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014