Update and Biodistribution of [F-18]FMDHT pET/CT in Normal Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer - A First in Human Subject Study With [F-18] FMDHT

This study has been terminated.
(Study tracer can no longer be obtained at our institution)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01724619
First received: November 5, 2012
Last updated: July 22, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

Prostate cancer represents a significant health problem in the United States. This year 179,000 men in the United States will be diagnosed with prostate carcinoma and approximately 25% of them will die of the disease. In addition, the incidence and mortality of prostate carcinoma has been increasing steadily in the United States. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels are commonly used as a biomarker for the detection of prostate cancer. Nonetheless, there is a significant false negative and false positive diagnosis since PSA levels elevate in benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis and decrease in patients taking medications and herbal remedies. Twenty percent of biopsy-proven prostate carcinoma have PSA levels within the normal range, thus confounding the diagnosis based on the PSA screening test. Current diagnostic methods that include transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and TRUS guided prostate biopsy are logistically difficult and insensitive. These are further complicated by equivocal prostatic biopsy findings such as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) or normal PSA with high clinical suspicion. A tracer with high specificity to prostate cancer related structures at a cellular level would enhance our understanding of the pathophysiology of prostate cancer and would contribute to the detection, localization and quantification of the disease and its metastases. This information will be invaluable in selecting the appropriate treatment regimen.

This study will test the utility of [F-18]FMDHT to image prostate cancer and will evaluate if this radiotracer can differentiate primary prostate cancer in the prostate gland from normal prostate gland itself. More specifically, we will study the distribution kinetics of [F-18]FMDHT in normal healthy humans and in patients with prostate cancer.

As per exploratory IND requirements, we performed toxicity assessment of FMDHT through an outside laboratory (ILS, Inc.) and the results of that study are attached as Appendix A.

Based on our and others data, we hypothesize that:

  1. [F-18]FMDHT PET/CT will distribute initially in various normal tissues following blood flow pattern and will clear rapidly from tissues with no AR.
  2. [F-18]FMDHT PET/CT will detect metastatic disease that expresses AR.
  3. [F-18]FMDHT PET/CT uptake will be elevated in AR-expressing prostate cancer lesions compared to surrounding normal prostate.

In order to progress [F-18]FMDHT into clinic, we are performing a pilot 'first-in-human' biodistribution study in subjects with and without prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: [F-18] fluorinated dihydrotestosterone (FDHT)
Phase 0

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Update and Biodistribution of [F-18]FMDHT pET/CT in Normal Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer - A First in Human Subject Study With [F-18] FMDHT

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To map diffusion and clearance rates of this marker in normal and cancerous tissue. [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To obtain first-in-man biodistribution data for [F-18]FMDHT with PET/CT imaging in subjects with and without prostate cancer. The results of these tests will be in the form of scans. Distinguishing characteristics will be how quickly the marker clears from the tissues in the scans.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if [F-18]FMDHT PET/CT uptake in the primary prostate tumor can be differentiated from normal surrounding prostate that will be confirmed with pathologic staining of biopsy or surgical specimens. [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 7
Study Start Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Healthy Volunteers
F-18] fluorinated dihydrotestosterone (FDHT) PET/CT
Drug: [F-18] fluorinated dihydrotestosterone (FDHT)
Experimental: Prostate Cancer Patients
F-18] fluorinated dihydrotestosterone (FDHT) PET/CT
Drug: [F-18] fluorinated dihydrotestosterone (FDHT)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Normal Healthy Volunteers

  • Males age 30 years or older.
  • No prior history of cancer.
  • Willing to get a PSA evaluated. Normal subjects will be eligible if their PSA is in the normal range for the particular lab where it is drawn. PSA drawn within 6 months (before) of the FMDHT PET scan will be accepted.
  • Ability to tolerate PET imaging.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Prostate Cancer Patients:

  • Patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Patients with a clinical staging CT at the time of the first [F-18]FMDHT scan.
  • Patients with at least one single focus of metastatic disease (bone/lymph node or soft tissue) confirmed on other clinical studies, preferably biopsy.
  • Patients with prior transurethral resection of the prostate are eligible.
  • Ability to tolerate PET imaging.
  • Males age 30 years or older.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Willing to get a PSA evaluated.

Exclusion Criteria:

Normal Health Volunteers

  • Prior diagnosis of any cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer).

Prostate Cancer Patients

  • Prior diagnosis of cancer except non-melanoma skin cancer.
  • Prior treatment (other than biopsy) for prostate cancer.
  • Received radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, surgery or cryotherapy for prostate disease.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01724619

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Sponsors and Collaborators
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Pradeep Garg, PhD Wake Forest School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01724619     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCCWFU 85111
Study First Received: November 5, 2012
Last Updated: July 22, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Dihydrotestosterone
Androgens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014