Computer-Assisted Self-Interviews and Health Screening in the Pediatric Emergency Department
The purpose of this study is to determine if an Audio-enhanced Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI) will lead to increase testing for sexually transmitted infections in youth visiting a pediatric ED
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Screening
|Official Title:||The Use of Computer-Assisted Self-Interviews to Improve Adolescent and Young Adult Health Screening in the Pediatric Emergency Department|
- Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Testing in the Pediatric ED [ Time Frame: 27 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The primary outcome was change in the proportion of adolescent patients receiving chlamydia and gonorrhea testing rates during their ED visit over 4 time periods.
Period 1) 2010 testing as a historical control Period 2) Jan 2011, began providing staff education about the risks of gonorrhea/chlamydia and need for increased testing Period 3) Education continues, but enrolled patients in the ACASI from April 18, 2011 - Dec 20, 2011.
Period 4) ACASI enrollment completed, education continued through March 2012
We specifically analyzed gonorrhea/chlamydia testing among ED patients that would have been eligible to take the ACASI, had it been continuously available throughout these time periods. We did this to isolate the effects on testing by the ACASI vs. education alone.
|Study Start Date:||April 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The group of patients that agreed to participate in the study and answer questions on our Audio-enhanced Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI)
Youth who participated in this study completed the ACASI -- they provided details about their sexual history, and the software program used their responses to create a recommendation for chlamydia/gonorrhea testing. The information obtained through the ACASI was integrated into the emergency department (ED) electronic medical record. ED physicians and nurses were able to review the information and order chlamydia/gonorrhea testing if needed.
The purpose of this study is to see if computer based health surveys for teenagers and young adults in the emergency department can improve the care we give, even for things that are not related to why they came to the emergency department.
Topics that are important in this age range include depression, violence, sexual behavior, physical activity and nutrition, though we are not asking about all of these.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN DURING THIS STUDY?
We wish to respect the privacy of everyone takes this survey. In order to do this, we are asking all relatives including your parents or guardians to respect several things so that you may participate:
- We cannot tell family or friends the exact questions on the survey
- You must be given complete privacy to answer the questions
- The answers will only be shown to the healthcare team taking care of them today and the people running the study - family members will not be shown the answers
- Family and friends will not pressure you to discuss the survey or their answers after you are done
- You will be given privacy to discuss their answers with the healthcare team
If you do not feel your friends and family can respect these requests, then you cannot take the survey and cannot enroll in the study.
If you agree to these requests, we will use a private area and allow you to use a computer to do the following:
- Explain in more detail what types of questions we will ask and why they are important
- Tell you how we will use your answers to improve their health care
- Give you a chance to answer any questions you have about the study
- Answer a series of questions about yourself and your health
You are allowed to skip any questions you do not want to answer and can stop at any time.
After you have completed the survey, a summary of your answers will become part of your medical record from today and be shown to the doctors and nurses taking care of you today.
Most participants will be asked to review their answers in private with the doctors and nurses taking care of them. If you do, your family and friends will be asked to step out of the room while you review the answers with the doctors and nurses.
Some participants may have additional testing or services done as part of their visit today based on their answers
|United States, Missouri|
|St. Louis Children's Hospital|
|St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|Principal Investigator:||Fahd A Ahmad, MD, MSCI||Washington University School of Medicine|