Is the Expression of the GLUT5 Specific Fructose Transport Protein Abnormal in Patients With Fructose Intolerance?
In this study we will investigate the expression of the fructose transport protein GLUT5 in the small intestine in patients with functional GI disoders and fructose intolerance compared to matched healthy controls.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Is the Expression of the GLUT5 Specific Fructose Transport Protein Abnormal in Patients With Fructose Intolerance?|
- mRNA and protein expression of Glut5 [ Time Frame: on day of endoscopy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- mRNA and protein expression of Glut2 [ Time Frame: on day of endoscopy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
IBS patients with fructose intolerance
analysis of biopsies
Control group: no IBS or fructose intolerance
analysis of biopsies
Intolerances to food are a major complaint of patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) and even commoner in patients with inflammatory bowel disorders (IBD) (Barrett JS et al. Aliment Pharmacol Therap 2009;30:165-174). The most common forms of food intolerance are FODMAP (fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharide and polyol) -related, of which fructose and lactose are the best known. The prevalence of lactose and fructose intolerance in IBS patients is between 50 and 70% (Wilder-Smith CH et al. Gastroenterology 2009;136 (Suppl. 1): A324). Recent high quality studies have shown that the reduction of ingested FODMAP can lead to significant and long-term symptom improvement in patients shown to be intolerant by breath-testing. While the pathophysiology behind lactose intolerance is the reduction in small intestinal lactase availability, the mechanism in fructose intolerance and its relationship to malabsorption are unknown. One possible and so far uninvestigated mechanism is a reduction in the expression or activity of the specific fructose transporter, GLUT5, which is mainly responsible for luminal absorption of fructose. GLUT5 is mainly found in the small intestine, as well as various extra-intestinal organs. The clinical relevance of GLUT5 expression for food intolerances in humans has not been reported, but in a mouse model deletion of GLUT5 led to decreased absorption of dietary fructose and typical signs of malabsorption (Barone S et al. J Biol Chem 2009;284:5056-5066). The control of GLUT5 is dynamic and considerable upregulation together with increased absorption of fructose is evident in diabetes mellitus, while expression is decreased by inflammation and lipopolysaccharide endotoxin, an integral component of the outer membrane of all gram-negative bacteria, through the action of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TFN-a.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01705171
|Gastoenterology Group Practice|
|Principal Investigator:||C Wilder-Smith, MD||Brain-Gut Research Group|