The Effect of Watching a Television Show on the Liking of Snack Foods

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Tennessee
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01694043
First received: September 19, 2012
Last updated: August 5, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of watching a television show with healthy food commercials, unhealthy food commercials, or neutral commercials on the consumption of healthy snack foods or unhealthy snack foods. There are three hypotheses: 1) Women exposed to a television show with commercials imbedded advertising food will consume more food than women exposed to a television show with non-food related commercials.

2) Women will consume more food when exposed to a television show with commercials advertising "unhealthy" food as compared to a television show with commercials advertising "healthy" food.

3) Women will consume the most food when exposed to a television show with "unhealthy" food commercials and have "unhealthy" snack foods available to consume.


Condition Intervention
Measure the Grams and Kilocalories of Snack Foods Consumed in Each Condition.
Other: Healthy Foods
Other: Unhealthy Snack Foods

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Perceived Healthy and Unhealthy Commercials on Intake of Perceived Healthy and Unhealthy Snack Foods in Normal Weight, College-Aged, Dietary Restrained Women

Further study details as provided by University of Tennessee:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Total grams of snack foods consumed [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The snack foods that will be used in this investigation are red grapes, baby carrots, Chips Ahoy! chocolate chip cookies (Kraft Foods Global Inc., Northfield, IL), and Lays potato chips (Frito-Lay Inc., Plano, TX). Participants will be provided with 200 grams of two different foods, depending on the condition to which they are randomized. Snack foods provided to participants in each condition will be measured in grams to the tenth decimal point on an electronic food scale (Denver Instrument Co., Arvada, CO) before and after the session. The weight of the container will also be measured. Total grams of snack food consumed during the session will be determined by subtracting pre- and post-consumption weight of snack food.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measured kilocalories consumed [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The amount of kilocalories consumed in each session will be calculated by determining the weight of food consumed and calculating using food label.


Estimated Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: August 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Non-Food Related Commercials
Participants will watch a 30-minute Saturday Night Live television show with non-food related commercials embedded.
Other: Healthy Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive a healthy snack to eat (grapes and baby carrots).
Other: Unhealthy Snack Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive an unhealthy snack to eat (potato chips and chocolate chip cookies).
Experimental: Healthy Food Commercials
Participants will watch a 30-minute Saturday Night Live television show with healthy food commercials embedded.
Other: Healthy Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive a healthy snack to eat (grapes and baby carrots).
Other: Unhealthy Snack Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive an unhealthy snack to eat (potato chips and chocolate chip cookies).
Experimental: Unhealthy Food Commericlas
Participants will watch a 30-minute Saturday Night Live television show with unhealthy food commercials imbedded.
Other: Healthy Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive a healthy snack to eat (grapes and baby carrots).
Other: Unhealthy Snack Foods
While watching the tv show, participants will receive an unhealthy snack to eat (potato chips and chocolate chip cookies).

Detailed Description:

The objective of this investigation is to investigate the effect of television shows with commercials perceived as advertising healthy foods and television shows with commercials perceived as advertising unhealthy foods on the intake of either perceived healthy snack foods or perceived unhealthy snack foods in normal weight, dietary restrained females.

Forty-eight women will participate in this study and will be randomized to one of six conditions where they will be exposed to a 30-minute television show (Saturday Night Live) during which they will be given two different pre-measured snack foods to eat. The television show will have eight commercials imbedded within it. Of the eight commercials, five commercials will represent the study condition (five advertising healthy food, five advertising unhealthy food, or five non-food related commercials). The three additional commercials will advertise neutral products (banks) and will remain the same in each condition. Snack foods being used in this investigation are red grapes and baby carrots for the perceived healthy snack foods; and chocolate chip cookies and potato chips for the perceived unhealthy snack foods. The television commercials representing the unhealthy category include commercials advertising M&M's candies, Oreo cookies, Cheez-it crackers, 3 Musketeers chocolate bars, and Doritos chips. The television commercials representing the healthy category include commercials advertising Fiber One bars, Honey Bunches of Oats cereal, Nature's Path granola, Nestle fruit yogurt, and Musselman's apple sauce. The non-food related television commercials include commercials advertising All-State car insurance, Geico car insurance, State Farm car insurance, Travelers car insurance, and Liberty Mutual car insurance. The three neutral non-food related commercials that will remain the same in each condition are commercials advertising Fifth Third bank, Ally bank, and Capital One bank.

The specific aims and hypotheses are:

  1. Women exposed to a television show with commercials imbedded advertising food will consume more food than women exposed to a television show with non-food related commercials.
  2. Women will consume more food when exposed to a television show with commercials advertising "unhealthy" food as compared to a television show with commercials advertising "healthy" food.
  3. Women will consume the most food when exposed to a television show with "unhealthy" food commercials and have "unhealthy" snack foods available to consume.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between 18 and 30 years
  • have a body mass index between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2
  • Be a restrained eater (scoring >12 on Three Factor Eating Questionnaire
  • Report being a non-smoker
  • Perceive foods and commercials used in the study as appropriately classified in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently dieting for weight loss
  • Currently taking any medications that affect appetite or food intake
  • Have a medical condition affecting eating or are currently following a therapeutic diet
  • Report disliking foods used in the investigation
  • Report having allergies to foods used in the investigation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01694043

Locations
United States, Tennessee
The University of Tennessee-Knoxville
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, 37996-1920
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Tennessee
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Tennessee
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01694043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8927B
Study First Received: September 19, 2012
Last Updated: August 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014