Implementation of an Asthma Program to Improve Asthma Identification and Education in Children
The primary objective of this study is to document the prevalence and associations between asthma, hypertension, and obesity in children living in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and its surrounding regions.
The secondary objective is to determine the impact of various educational interventions on child and caregiver knowledge of asthma.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Implementation of an Asthma Program to Improve Asthma Identification and Education in Children|
- The primary outcome of this study is to document the prevalence of asthma, hypertension and obesity in children living in Pittsburgh's inner-city. [ Time Frame: Up to three years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- The secondary outcome of this study is to determine the impact of various educational interventions on child and caregiver knowledge of asthma. [ Time Frame: up to three years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A pre and post asthma knowledge test will be given to children and caregivers prior to and after participation in the educational session conducted at each asthma camp. A paired sample t-test was used for comparison of pre and post knowledge tests and a p value of less than 0.05 will be considered to indicate a statistically significant difference.
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Asthma Screenings and Camps
Children, ages 5-17 years who participate in one of the asthma screenings or camps are eligible to participate in this study.
Behavioral: Asthma education
Two separate asthma education classes are conducted to target two age groups: 6-10 yrs and 10-15 yrs. With the guidance of pharmacy faculty, student pharmacists develop innovative educational activities directed at three of the most common barriers to proper asthma control: avoidance of asthma triggers; compliance with asthma medications and proper usage of inhalers; and the importance of an asthma action plan. There is a different group of student pharmacists participating in each camp and this allows for variation in educational activities, all reinforcing the same important aspects of optimal asthma management. Students create age-appropriate activities for each group. Parents are required to attend camps with their child and participate in the asthma education sessions.
Other Name: asthma knowledge intervention
The Asthma Program will consist of six screenings and three camps each year, for two consecutive years. Screenings will be conducted in areas where populations are known to be at increased risk for asthma and its complications, such as inner-city, lower socioeconomic, African-American populations. Screenings will be conducted at churches or schools in these areas one month prior to each camp in an effort to identify children with undiagnosed or uncontrolled asthma and refer them to the camps. Camps will also be conducted in areas where populations are known to be at increased risk for asthma and its complications to improve ease of access. Asthma and smoking cessation education will be provided at each camp to children and caregivers. Baseline data will be collected at each camp and assessed. Longitudinal clinical outcomes will be assessed in children attending multiple camps.
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15282|
|Principal Investigator:||Jennifer P Elliott, PharmD||Duquesne University|