Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training
The general purpose of this study is to examine the effect of tai chi training on cognitive function in young adults. The investigators will test subjects enrolled in a semester-long tai chi course along with control subjects. The specific aims are to measure duration of practice, cognitive function, physical balance, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicators. The investigators primary hypotheses are that, compared to controls, subjects in the tai chi course will show improvements in (1a) spatial working memory and (1b) response inhibition. The investigators secondary hypotheses are that, among the subjects participating in the tai chi course, these cognitive improvements will correlate with (2a) improvements in balance and (2b) duration of tai chi practice, and that, among all participants, (2c) ADHD indications will correlate with cognitive measures.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training|
- Change in working memory [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Task: SWM between errors
- Change in physical balance [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]One Legged Stance Test. Time standing on one leg with eyes closed. Average over left and right leg of best of three trials on each side.
- Change in impulsivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]CANTAB Stop Signal Task: reaction time (SSRT).
- Change in affective processing [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]CANTAB Affective Go/No-Go Task: mean correct latency
- Change in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) scale [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS). Scoring of 6 item ASRS screener per Kessler et al. Psychological Medicine (2005) 35:245-256.
- Duration of practice [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Total minutes of tai chi practice including class time.
|Study Start Date:||September 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Tai Chi Training
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course, "Introduction to Martial Arts: Tai Chi".
Behavioral: Tai Chi training
24 form Yang style Tai Chi. 50 minute sessions, twice weekly.
No Intervention: Control
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course "Introduction to Psychology".
|Contact: Alexander K. Converse, Ph.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Wisconsin|
|University of Wisconsin-Madison, Waisman Center||Not yet recruiting|
|Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705|
|Contact: Alexander K. Converse, Ph.D. 608-265-6604 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Alexander K. Converse||University of Wisconsin, Madison|