Cosmetic Result/Toxicity in Post-Mastectomy Immediate Reconstruction Expander+RT

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julia S. Wong, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01664091
First received: June 22, 2011
Last updated: April 29, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

This research study is being done to carefully evaluate the effect of giving radiation therapy after temporary breast reconstruction. The investigators want to see if this type of reconstruction combined with radiation will look better (once the final reconstruction has been completed) and will reduce the risk that the participant will develop complications that sometimes occur with other kinds of reconstruction procedures. The investigators also want to know if it is easier to give the radiation with this type of reconstruction than with other kinds of reconstruction procedures. The reconstruction procedure involves the temporary use of a tissue expander and an acellular dermal matrix (ADM).


Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer
Radiation: Radiation Therapy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: An Evaluation of Cosmetic Results and Toxicity in the Use of Post-Mastectomy Immediate Reconstruction With a Tissue Expander and Acellular Dermal Matrix Followed by Radiation Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The success rate of immediate reconstruction with a tissue expander and acellular dermal matrix followed by radiation therapy. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Outcomes will be measured by the ability to complete RT and placement of the permanent implant and/or flap reconstruction, the absence of significant complications, and an acceptable cosmetic result. Major complications are defined as: infection requiring hospitalization, major revisions, early capsular contracture, or pain requiring implant removal. An acceptable cosmetic result (excellent or good, on a scale of excellent-good-fair-poor) is defined as: a stable reconstruction with good symmetry and contour relative to the contralateral breast. The rate of complications and the cosmetic outcome after RT will be recorded by the radiation oncologist at predetermined times (6, 12, 18 and 24 months) after completion of RT and by the plastic surgeon at follow-up visits using photographs.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the volumes of lung and heart (if left-sided) included in the radiation fields. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Lung volumes will be assessed as a percentage of the ipsilateral lung irradiated and via dose-volume histograms, and heart volumes will be measured in cubic centimeters (cc) and with a dose-volume histogram.

  • To assess the extent and location of contracture. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Outcome will be measured by means of strict photographic analysis using five views (frontal, right and left lateral, and right and left quarter views) and independent assessment of the results by a plastic surgeon or radiation oncologist who has not treated the patient.The modified Baker classification will be used to score the extent of contracture seen in the photographs.


Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: October 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Radiation: Radiation Therapy
    Given Monday through Friday over 5-7 weeks
Detailed Description:
  • ADMs have been used in combination with a tissue expander and radiotherapy but have not been studied formally in terms of their ability to avoid complications sometimes seen with other methods of reconstruction and improve the delivery of the radiation. The only difference between being on the study and not being on the study is that the research team will analyze the records of those who participate to see how easy it was to give the radiation, how good the cosmetic outcome of the reconstruction is and what, if any, complications occured.
  • A minimum of 6 weeks between the surgery and the start of radiation therapy is required to allow for adequate healing. Often this interval will be longer, as many patients will receive chemotherapy in the interim. There is no maximum time from surgery to radiation.
  • Around the time of radiation planning, the radiation oncologist and plastic surgeon will agree upon how much deflation of the tissue expander will be required to permit simulation of the radiation therapy.
  • Radiation therapy to the chest wall (with or without adjacent lymph nodes) will be given once daily Monday through Friday over 5-7 weeks.
  • After the completion of the radiation therapy, the tissue expander will be re-expanded and eventually replaced by the permanent implant or flap reconstruction at the discretion of the plastic surgeon.
  • Participants will be expected to return to the Radiation Oncology Clinic for follow-up visits 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after the end of the radiation therapy. Evaluation of cosmetic results and complications will be done at these visits using a recognized scoring system and photographs taken at each time point and scored for specific items (necrosis, telangiectasia, etc).
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Participants will be invited to take part in this clinical trial because they have breast cancer that was recently treated with mastectomy and the participant and their doctors have decided that additional treatment with radiation therapy is the best course.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have newly diagnosed, clinical Stage I-III breast cancer with T1-T3 invasive tumors recently treated with mastectomy
  • Patients must have had immediate reconstruction with a TE and ADM
  • Participants must be candidates for postmastectomy radiation therapy (RT). Postmastectomy RT routinely is indicated for patients with pathologically-staged T3N1 (or higher stage) tumors, T1-T2 tumors with 4 or more positive nodes, some T1-T2 tumors with 1-3 positive nodes, and, infrequently, for some N0 tumors
  • Axillary nodes may be positive or negative
  • Microscopically positive margins are permitted
  • Systemic therapy as recommended by a medical oncologist, pre-or post-mastectomy, is permitted
  • Patients must agree to return for scheduled follow-up visits with their radiation oncologist 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after RT (+/- 1 month)
  • 18 years of age or older

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with T4 tumors
  • Participants with recurrent breast cancer or a history of prior breast RT
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances. Individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01664091

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Julia Wong, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Julia S. Wong, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01664091     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-254
Study First Received: June 22, 2011
Last Updated: April 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
tissue expander
acellular dermal matrix

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014