Radiation- and Alkylator-free Bone Marrow Transplantation Regimen for Patients With Dyskeratosis Congenita
Dyskeratosis congenita is a disease that affects numerous parts of the body, most typically causing failure of the blood system. Lung disease and a predisposition to cancer are also frequent causes of illness and death. Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) can cure the blood system but can make the lung disease and cancer predisposition worse, because of agents such as alkylators and radiation that are typically used in the procedure. Based on the biology of DC, we hypothesize that it may be possible to avoid these agents in patients with DC, and still have a successful BMT. In this protocol we will test whether a regimen that avoids alkylators and radiation can permit successful BMT without compromising survival in patients with DC.
Hoyeraal Hreidarsson Syndrome
Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Non-TBI and Alkylator-free Conditioning for Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Bone Marrow Failure Due to Dyskeratosis Congenita / Telomere Disease|
- Day +100 Post-transplant Survival [ Time Frame: 100 days post bone marrow infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To determine feasibility, in terms of the proportion of patients who survive to Day+100 post-transplant, of a reduced intensity conditioning regimen in allogeneic HCT for BMF due to DC.
- Primary engraftment [ Time Frame: Days +30 and +100 after bone marrow infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To maintain a primary engraftment rate of not less than 65% using a reduced intensity conditioning regimen in allogeneic HCT for BMF due to DC. A subject will be considered to have engrafted if the patient has neutrophil engraftment defined as the achievement of an ANC > 0.5 x 10^9/L for three consecutive measurements as of Day+30 post-transplant; and if the patient has peripheral blood chimerism > 50% donor neutrophil cells on two occasions from Day +30 to Day +100 post-transplant
- Secondary graft failure [ Time Frame: Days +30, +60, +100, +180, +365, yearly for next 14 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Secondary graft failure is defined by (1) initial neutrophil engraftment followed by subsequent decline in the ANC to < 0.5 x 10^9/L for 3 consecutive measurements on different days, unresponsive to growth factor therapy, and/or (2) chimerism 51-100% donor neutrophil cells by Day +100 followed by decline to ≤50% donor neutrophil cells on two subsequent evaluations.
- Regimen-related toxicity [ Time Frame: Ongoing assessments in year 1 of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Toxicities will be monitored and reported from the time of enrollment onward. Toxicities other than GVHD will be scored according to the NCI's CTCAE version 4.0. Data will be collected on adverse event (AE) by code, description, category, grade, attribution, start and end dates, and whether the AE was anticipated. Major regimen-related toxicity is defined by those toxicities with an attribution level of "probably" or "definitely" related to protocol therapy and a severity of grade 4 or 5 in any organ system. The assessment for toxicities will be carried out until day +365 post-transplant.
- Acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: Weekly through day +100, day +180, day +365, yearly for 14 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Acute and chronic GVHD will be assessed and graded according to the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) Manual of Procedures (MOP) v. 2.0.
- Viral reactivation and infection [ Time Frame: Weekly through day+100 post-transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barr virus, adenovirus, and HHV6 reactivation/infection will be routinely screened by PCR based assays of blood up to day +100 post-transplant, with more focused molecular, histological or microbiological assessments based on clinical concern as needed.
- Peripheral blood neutrophil and T cell chimerism [ Time Frame: Day +30, day +60, day +100, day +180, day +365, yearly for 14 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Peripheral blood cell subset chimerism will be monitored on Days +30, +60, +100, +180, +365 post-transplant, and yearly thereafter. Chimerism will be quantified on neutrophil (CD15+) and T lymphocytes (CD3+) subsets.
- Pulmonary function [ Time Frame: baseline, day +60, day +100, day +180, day +365, yearly up to 14 years thereafter ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pulmonary function testing (PFTs) by spirometry and diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide will be performed on subjects who are 5 years old and over (at the time of testing) and who are able to comply with testing.
- Long-term overall survival [ Time Frame: up to 15 years after transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Post-transplant overall survival is defined as time from transplant to death from any cause for up to fifteen years after transplant.
- Malignancies [ Time Frame: up to 15 years after transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The occurrence and type of malignancies will be ascertained based on patient report and medical records in follow-up visits up to fifteen years post-transplant.
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2032|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: alemtuzumab/fludarabine conditioning
alemtuzumab/fludarabine conditioning; cyclosporins/mycophenolate mofetil GVHD prophylaxis
Conditioning: alemtuzumab 0.2 mg/kg/dose IV x 5 doses
Other Name: Campath-1HDrug: Fludarabine
fludarabine 30 mg/m2/dose IV x 6 doses
Other Name: FludaraDrug: Cyclosporins
Starting Day -2 beginning at 1.5 mg/kg IV twice per day, infused over 2 hours, titrated to maintain a serum trough level of 150 -200 ng/ml. CSA will be administered for a minimum of 6 months and then tapered over 10 weeks.
Other Names:Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
15 mg/kg IV three times a day from day 0 to day +53
Other Name: Cellcept
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is an inherited multisystem disorder, which classically presents with a clinical triad of skin pigment abnormalities, nail dystrophy, and oral leukoplakia. DC is part of a spectrum of telomere biology disorders, which include some forms of inherited idiopathic aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and pulmonary fibrosis and the congenital diseases Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome and Revesz syndrome. Progressive bone marrow failure (BMF) occurs in more than 80% of patients under 30 years of age and is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality, followed by pulmonary failure and malignancies. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is curative for the hematological defects, but several studies have demonstrated poor outcomes in DC patients due to increased early and late complications. A predisposition to pulmonary failure, vascular disease and secondary malignancies may contribute to the high incidence of fatal complications following HCT in DC patients, and provides an impetus to reduce exposure to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in preparative regimens. Recent studies suggest that fludarabine-based conditioning regimens provide stable engraftment and may avoid the toxicities seen after HCT for DC, but studies to date are limited to case reports, retrospective studies and a single prospective trial. In this study, we propose to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of a fludarabine- and antibody-based conditioning regimen in HCT for DC patients, with the goals of maintaining donor hematopoiesis and transfusion independence while decreasing early and late complications of HCT for DC.
|Contact: Suneet Agarwal, MD, PHDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Leslie E Lehmann, MDemail@example.com|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Children's Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator: Suneet Agarwal, MD, PHD|
|Principal Investigator: Leslie E Lehmann, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Inga Hofmann, MD, PHD|
|Sub-Investigator: Steven Margossian, MD, PHD|
|Sub-Investigator: Christine Duncan, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Wendy London, PHD|
|Principal Investigator:||Suneet Agarwal, MD, PHD||Boston Children's Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Leslie E Lehmann, MD||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|