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Targeted T Cells After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Treating Women With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer Undergoing Surgery

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified September 2013 by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lawrence Lum, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: June 17, 2010
Last updated: September 9, 2013
Last verified: September 2013

RATIONALE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for women with stage II-III Her negative breast cancer followed by Her2Bi armed activated T cells (ATCs) may significantly improve the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate at the time of surgery. Arming ex vivo expanded T cells in the laboratory may help the T cells kill more tumor cells when they are put back in the body. Giving combination neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by laboratory-treated T cells before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

PURPOSE: This phase II clinical trial is studying how well giving laboratory-treated T cells after neoadjuvant chemotherapy works in treating women with stage II or stage III breast cancer undergoing surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: HER2Bi-armed activated T cells
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: paclitaxel
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Anti-CD3 x Anti-HER2/Neu (Her2Bi) Armed Activated T Cells (ATC) After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Women With HER2/Neu (0-2+), Hormone Receptor (HR) Negative Stage II-III Breast Cancers

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pathologic complete response [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks or as indicated ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recurrence-free survival [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks or as indicated ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for the first year, and then every 6 months for one more year. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: July 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: HER2Bi-armed activated T cells + Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

HER2Bi-armed activated T cells - Total of 4 of the T cell infusions IV over a period of 1 month

Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, paclitaxel -As prescribed by physician, standard of care.

Biological: HER2Bi-armed activated T cells
Total of 4 of the T cell infusions intravenously over a period of 1 month.
Drug: cyclophosphamide
As prescribed by physician, standard of care.
Other Name: Cytoxan®
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
As prescribed by physician, standard of care.
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin®
  • Rubex®
Drug: paclitaxel
As prescribed by physician, standard of care.
Other Names:
  • Abraxane®
  • Onxol®
  • Taxol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Immune studies will be done pre-immunotherapy, prior to the third infusion of activated T-cells, at the time of surgery, and 1 month after immunotherapy. If there are positive findings, additional optional studies will be done at 3, 6, and 12 months, if the immune studies show changes worthy of follow-up studies.
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
As prescribed by physician, standard of care.
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
As recommended by physician, post immunotherapy.

Detailed Description:


  • To determine, in a phase II clinical trial of women with stage II-III triple-negative breast cancer, if a regimen of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by HER2Bi-armed activated T cells (ATCs) improves the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate at the time of surgery.
  • To investigate the association between pCR and clinical responses (disease-free survival and overall survival).
  • To determine if HER2Bi-armed ATCs administered after neoadjuvant chemotherapy will modulate the cytotoxicity of lymphocytes in the blood and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.
  • To determine if there is an association between systemic and tumor site anti-tumor responses.
  • To determine if HER2Bi-armed ATCs administered after neoadjuvant chemotherapy decreases the frequency and colony-forming ability of the putative breast cancer stem cells in the tumor tissue at the time of surgery compared to that obtained in the tumor biopsy after chemotherapy.
  • To investigate the association between the observed changes in numbers and proportion of CD44^hi/CD24^lo, CD133, aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH1)-positive cells and the pCR.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide every 2 weeks for 4 doses. Patients then receive paclitaxel once a week for 12 doses.
  • Neoadjuvant immunotherapy: Beginning 3-6 days after the last dose of chemotherapy, patients receive autologous HER2Bi-armed activated T cells (ATCs) IV over 30-60 minutes once a week for 4 weeks.
  • Surgery: Approximately 2 weeks after the last dose of HER2Bi-armed ATCs, patients undergo standard surgery.

Tissue and blood samples are collected periodically for correlative immune function tests.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 8 weeks for 48 weeks and then every 3 months thereafter.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signed and dated institutional review board (IRB)-approved consent form
  • Women of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective nonhormonal method of contraception during therapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1 and/or Karnofsky PS of >= 70%
  • Diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast made by core needle biopsy
  • Palpable primary breast tumor measuring >= 2.0 cm on physical exam or imaging
  • Patients with stage II-IIIA breast cancer that is HER2-negative by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (0-2+) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) (HER2/chromosome enumeration probe [CEP]17 amplification ratio < 2.2) for whom definitive surgical treatment after "third generation" neoadjuvant chemoT is planned; Patients with HER2 (3+) cancer by IHC that also demonstrate a FISH ratio <2.2 are also eligible. Estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PR) status can be positive or negative; the receptor status needs to be recorded
  • Patients may have lymph node positive or negative disease, as long as they have clinical stage II or IIIA breast cancer; patients may have the lymph nodes assessed by any method deemed appropriate by the treating physicians, including pre-neoadjuvant therapy sentinel lymph node biopsy
  • Patients must discontinue sex hormone therapy prior to registration, e.g. birth control pills, hormonal replacement therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be >= 1200/mm^3
  • Platelet count must be >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin must be >= 9.0 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin must be =< the upper limit of normal (ULN) for the lab unless the patient has a grade 1 bilirubin elevation (> ULN to 1.5 x ULN) resulting from Gilbert's disease or similar syndrome due to slow conjugation of bilirubin; and
  • Alkaline phosphatase must be =< 2.5 x ULN for the lab
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) must be =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab
  • Alkaline phosphatase and AST/ALT may not both be > the ULN; for example, if the alkaline phosphatase is > the ULN but =< 2.5 x ULN, then the AST/ALT must be =< the ULN; if the AST/ALT is > the ULN but =< 1.5 x ULN, then the alkaline phosphatase must be =< ULN
  • Patients with either skeletal pain or alkaline phosphatase that is > ULN must have a bone scan showing they do not have metastatic disease; suspicious findings on bone scan must be confirmed as benign by x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or biopsy
  • Patients with AST/ALT or alkaline phosphatase > ULN must have liver imaging that does not demonstrate metastatic disease
  • Patients with AST/ALT > ULN must have negative hepatitis studies
  • Patients with stage II disease and clinical suspicion for metastatic disease based on reported symptoms, physical examination findings, or laboratory abnormalities must have staging studies demonstrating no evidence of metastatic disease (with exception of axillary lymph nodes or mammary nodes); patients with stage IIIA disease must have staging studies demonstrating no evidence of metastatic disease (with exception of axillary lymph nodes or mammary nodes), even if asymptomatic with normal physical examination and laboratory values; such staging studies must include: chest imaging (chest X-ray, computed tomography [CT], or MRI), abdominal/pelvis imaging (CT or MRI), and bone imaging (bone scan or positron emission tomography [PET]-scan); abnormalities that are indeterminate and too small to biopsy should be followed with further imaging, as appropriate, but do not exclude patients from the study; abnormalities that are suspicious and large enough to biopsy exclude patients from the study, unless a biopsy is performed and is negative for metastatic disease
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN for the lab
  • Pre-entry core biopsy with sufficient material for correlative studies
  • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) >= 50 % (by multigated acquisition scan [MUGA] or echocardiography)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Tumor determined to be HER2-positive by immunohistochemistry (3+) or by fluorescent in situ hybridization (HER2/CEP17 amplification ratio >= 2.0)
  • Tumors clinically staged as T4 or N3
  • Definitive evidence of metastatic disease with exception of axillary lymph nodes or mammary nodes
  • Synchronous bilateral breast cancer (invasive or ducal carcinoma in situ [DCIS])
  • Treatment including radiation therapy, chemoT, biotherapy, and/or hormonal therapy for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to study entry
  • Any sex hormonal therapy, e.g., birth control pills, ovarian hormonal replacement therapy, etc. (These patients are eligible if this therapy is discontinued 1 week prior to registration)
  • Prior history of invasive breast cancer (Patients with a history of DCIS or lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS] are eligible)
  • Prior therapy with anthracyclines for any malignancy
  • Other malignancies unless the patient is considered to be disease-free for 5 or more years prior to randomization and is deemed by the physician to be at low risk for recurrence; patients with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the colon, melanoma in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Known cardiac disease that would preclude the use of anthracyclines; this includes:

    • Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication
    • History of documented congestive heart failure
    • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
    • Severe conduction abnormality
    • Valvular disease with documented cardiac function compromise; and
    • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as blood pressure (BP) that is consistently > 150/90 on antihypertensive therapy at the time of registration (Patients with hypertension that is well controlled on medication are eligible)
  • History of myocardial infarction (MI) documented by elevated cardiac enzymes with persistent regional wall motion abnormality on assessment of left ventricular (LV) function (Patients with history of MI must have an echo instead of/in addition to a MUGA to evaluate LV wall motion)
  • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
  • Sensory/motor neuropathy >= grade 2, as defined by the National Cancer Institute (NCI)'s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0)
  • Other non-malignant systemic disease (cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, etc.) that would preclude treatment with any of the treatment regimens or would prevent required follow-up
  • Chronic ongoing steroid use at the time of registration for any condition (such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, etc)
  • Administration of any investigational agents within 30 days before study entry
  • Pregnancy or lactation at the time of registration
  • Psychiatric or addictive disorders or other conditions that in the opinion of the investigators would preclude the patient from complying with the study protocol.

Minor changes from these guidelines will be allowed at the discretion of the research team under special circumstances. The reasons for exceptions will be documented

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01147016

United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute Recruiting
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1379
Contact: Clinical Trials Office - Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute    800-527-6266      
Sub-Investigator: Zaid Al-Kadhimi, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Rouba Ali-Fehmi, M.D.         
Principal Investigator: Lydia Choi, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Abhinav Deol, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Neb Duric, Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Lawrence Flaherty, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: David Gorski, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Sayeh Lavasani, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Michael Simon, M.D., MPH         
Sub-Investigator: Archana Thakur         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Lum, M.D. Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Lawrence Lum, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT01147016     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01658969
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000675211, P30CA022453, WSU-2010-056
Study First Received: June 17, 2010
Last Updated: September 9, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:
triple-negative breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
HER2-negative breast cancer
estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer
progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Alkylating Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antirheumatic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Tubulin Modulators processed this record on November 27, 2014