Prolongation of the Interval Between Prothrombin Time Tests in Stable Patients II (PRINT-II)
More than 2 million patients in North America are treated with warfarin - a "blood thinner" - to prevent blood clots in arteries or veins. The treatment has to be monitored with a blood test and the dose changed accordingly every 1-4 weeks. One third of the patients have very stable results and hardly ever have to change the dose. The investigators wish to show that the level of control of the treatment with warfarin in these very stable patients is not worse with 12-weekly testing. A pilot study the investigators performed indicated that 12-weekly testing would be safe but this has to be confirmed in a large study. One third of patients taking warfarin have not had any changes in the dose for the past 6 months or longer. These patients will be asked about participation in the study. They will be randomized to testing and dosing every 4 or 12 weeks. Each patient is in the study until it ends, which will be minimum 1 year and can be up to about 4 years. The study is designed to show that 12-weekly testing does not significantly increase the risk for major bleeding or blood clots. The results would be important for a large number of patients. An increase of the interval between blood tests from 4 to 12 weeks would reduce the burden for these patients on life-long treatment considerably.
Valvular Heart Disease
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Other: Prolonged interval between PT testing
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prolongation of the Interval Between Prothrombin Time Tests in Stable Patients II (the PRINT II Study): a Randomized Controlled, Non-inferiority Trial Comparing 4-weekly With 12-weekly Testing and Dose-assessment|
- Composite of major bleeding and objectively verified arterial or venous thromboembolism [ Time Frame: Average 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]The justification for a composite outcome including both bleeding and thromboembolism is that the study is not reflecting a "trade-off" scenario where one regimen is expected to be more effective at the cost of increased harm compared to the other regimen. Conversely, the potential disadvantage of the experimental regimen in this trial is increased variability in prothrombin time, which may result in an increased rate of short as well as long prothrombin times and therefore potentially an increase of both types of clinical events.
- All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: Average 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Any bleeding [ Time Frame: Average 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]This is the composite of major and minor bleeding
|Study Start Date:||April 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Standard interval between PT testing
Prothrombin time (PT) is tested every 4 weeks, according to American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Guidelines up to 2008 for stable patients on warfarin.
Experimental: Prolonged interval between PT testing
Prothrombin time (PT) is tested every 12 weeks, according to suggestion in American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Guidelines of 2012 for stable patients on warfarin.
Other: Prolonged interval between PT testing
Patients in the intervention group will be scheduled for prothrombin time testing and dosing of warfarin every 12 weeks instead of every 4 weeks. This has been suggested in the latest edition of the ACCP guidelines as a possibility for very stable patients. In order to change this from a suggestion to a formal recommendation a study powered for clinically important outcomes is needed.
Other Name: INR (International Normalized Ratio) tests
The study is a randomized, controlled, open-label, multi-center non-inferiority trial to demonstrate that the interval between internation normalized ration (INR) tests can be extended from the recommended 4 weeks to 12 weeks for patients with stable INRs. PROBE design. Patients receiving warfarin therapy that have exhibited INR stability, defined as no change in maintenance dose for at least 6 months, are potentially eligible for enrolment in the study. The primary outcome is a composite of major bleeding (ISTH criteria) plus objectively verified arterial or venous thromboembolism (excluding superficial thrombophlebitis) plus death related to thromboembolism. Justification: the study is not reflecting a "trade-off" scenario where one regimen is expected to be more effective at the cost of increased harm compared to the other regimen. Conversely, the potential disadvantage of the experimental regimen in this trial is increased variability in INR, which may result in an increased rate of low as well as high INRs and therefore potentially an increase of both types of clinical events.
|Hamilton Health Sciences - General Hospital|
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8L 2X2|
|Principal Investigator:||Sam Schulman, MD, PhD||McMaster University|