Influenza A 2009 H1N1 Challenge Study in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01646138
First received: July 18, 2012
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- A challenge study exposes a person to a disease and allows researchers to study the disease through the body's healing process. An influenza challenge study that looks at different amounts of the flu virus can provide more information on the smallest amount needed to cause an infection. Researchers want to give one dose of the Influenza A H1N1 virus to healthy volunteers to see how the body responds to the virus.

Objectives:

  • To find the smallest dose of Influenza A H1N1 virus that may cause a mild to moderate flu infection in a healthy adult.
  • To study how the body s immune system responds to the virus.

Eligibility:

  • Healthy volunteers at least 18 years of age.
  • Participants must be willing to remain in isolation for a minimum of 9 days.

Design:

  • Participants will be admitted to a hospital inpatient isolation unit. They will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will also have heart and lung function tests. Blood, urine, and nasal swab/wash samples will be collected.
  • Participants will receive a single nasal spray of the flu virus. They will stay on the inpatient unit for at least 9 days.
  • Participants will be monitored for the length of their stay. They will have frequent blood tests and other procedures as needed.
  • Participants will be allowed to go home once they have had two negative tests for the virus. The tests will be given on two consecutive days....

Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza, Human
Procedure: Virus administration: Influenza A/H1N1 Influenza Challenge Virus, IND#14969
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Influenza A 2009 H1N1 Human Challenge Study in Healthy Adult Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Viral shedding detected by positive diagnostic test from a nasal wash or swab and clinical symptoms of influenza.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical markers of disease, Immune markers of disease, viral genomic changes and intrahost evolution, markers of pathogenesis of infection

Enrollment: 49
Study Start Date: February 2012
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Procedure: Virus administration: Influenza A/H1N1 Influenza Challenge Virus, IND#14969
    N/A
Detailed Description:

The high morbidity and mortality associated with both pandemic and seasonal influenza, and the anticipation of future influenza pandemics, puts influenza front and center in infectious disease research. Because the natural history and pathogenesis of human influenza has not been well characterized and cannot be adequately studied in animal models or with current in vitro techniques, important questions about influenza pathogenesis can only be approached through human challenge studies.

Previous human challenge studies have addressed some aspects of the natural history of influenza by evaluating the timing of viral replication, shedding, clinical symptoms, and innate and adaptive immune responses. Although these studies have provided important information, in the United States, all but 1 were performed prior to 1990. Without exception, these studies had limitations due to the scope of the study and/or the scientific techniques available at that time.

The primary objective of this study is to determine the dose of influenza A 2009 H1N1 human challenge virus that will induce a mild to moderate uncomplicated influenza infection in healthy volunteers. This protocol will examine some of the basic questions that remain unanswered regarding the pathogenesis of influenza in humans, namely, a detailed clinical and immunological characterization of uncomplicated influenza viral pathogenesis in healthy adult volunteers.

Secondary objectives will evaluate clinical disease, length of viral shedding, and pathogenesis in those with influenza infection including identification of clinical markers of the disease. Notably, the exploratory objectives will seek to discover viral factors necessary for human infection/adaptation and to evaluate host immune response, viral replication, viral fitness, and the intrahost evolution.

Collaboration between NIAID investigators and outside scientists will generate opportunities to further develop and expand areas of clinical influenza research based on the proposed challenge model.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 50 years of age.
  2. Agrees to not use tobacco products during participation in this study.
  3. Willingness to remain in isolation for the duration of viral shedding (at a minimum 9 days) and to comply with all study requirements.
  4. A female participant is eligible for this study if she is not pregnant or breast feeding and 1 of the following:

    • Of nonchildbearing potential (i.e., women who have had a hysterectomy or tubal ligation or are postmenopausal, as defined by no menses in lessgreater than or equal to 1 year).
    • Of childbearing potential but agrees to practice effective contraception or abstinence for 4 weeks prior to and 8 weeks after administration of the influenza challenge virus. Acceptable methods of contraception include 1 or more of the following: 1) male partner who is sterile prior to the female participant s entry into the study and is the sole sexual partner for the female participant; 2) implants of levonorgestrel; 3) injectable progestogen; 4) an intrauterine device with a documented failure rate of < 1%; 5) oral contraceptives; and 6) double barrier methods including diaphragm or condom with a spermicide.
  5. Willing to have samples stored for future research.
  6. Prechallenge serum hemagglutination-inhibition titer against the challenge strain of 1:16 or less.
  7. HIV uninfected.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Presence of self-reported or medically documented significant medical condition including but not limited to:

    1. Chronic pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma, emphysema).
    2. Chronic cardiovascular disease (e.g., cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, cardiac surgery, ischemic heart disease, known anatomic defects).
    3. Chronic medical conditions requiring close medical follow-up or hospitalization during the past 5 years (e.g., diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, hemoglobinopathies).
    4. Immunosuppression or ongoing malignancy.
    5. Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions (e.g., cerebral palsy, epilepsy, stroke, seizures).
    6. Postinfectious or postvaccine neurological sequelae.
  2. Have close or household (i.e., share the same apartment or house) high-risk contacts including but not limited to:

    1. Persons less greater than or equal to 65 years of age.
    2. Children < 5 years of age.
    3. Residents of nursing homes.
    4. Persons of any age with significant chronic medical conditions such as:

      • Chronic pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma).
      • Chronic cardiovascular disease (e.g., cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, cardiac surgery, ischemic heart disease, known anatomic defects).
      • Contacts who required medical follow-up or hospitalization during the past 5 years because of chronic metabolic disease (e.g., diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, hemoglobinopathies).
      • Immunosuppression or cancer.
      • Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions (e.g., cerebral palsy, epilepsy, stroke, seizures).
      • Children and teenagers who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy.
      • Women who are pregnant or who are trying to become pregnant.
  3. Individual with body mass index (BMI) less than or equal to 18.5 and greater than or equal to 40.
  4. Smokes more than 4 cigarettes or other tobacco products on weekly basis.
  5. Complete blood count (CBC) with differential outside of the NIH DLM normal reference range and deemed clinically significant by the PI.
  6. Chemistries in the acute care, mineral, and/or hepatic panels, and/or any of the following: lactate dehydrogenase, uric acid, creatine kinase, and total protein outside of the NIH DLM normal reference range and deemed clinically significant by the PI.
  7. Urinalysis outside of the NIH DLM normal reference range and deemed clinically significant by the PI.
  8. Clinically significant abnormality on electrocardiogram .
  9. Clinically significant abnormality as deemed by the PI on echocardiographic testing.
  10. Recent acute illness within 1 week of admission to the isolation facility.
  11. Known allergy to treatments for influenza (including but not limited to oseltamivir, nonsteroidals).
  12. Known allergy to 2 or more classes of antibiotics (e.g., penicillins, cephalosporins, floroquinolones, or glycopeptides).
  13. Receipt of blood or blood products (including immunoglobulins) within 3 months prior to enrollment.
  14. Receipt of any unlicensed drug within 3 months or 5.5 half lives (whichever is greater) prior to enrollment.
  15. Receipt of any unlicensed vaccine within 6 months prior to enrollment.
  16. Self-reported or known history of current alcoholism or drug abuse, or positive urine/serum test for drugs of abuse (i.e., amphetamines, cocaine, benzodiazepines, opiates, or metabolites, but not THC or metabolites).
  17. Self-reported or known history of psychiatric or psychological issues deemed by the PI to be a contraindication to protocol participation
  18. Known close contact with anyone known to have influenza in the past 7 days.
  19. Any condition that, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs the volunteer s ability to give informed consent.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01646138

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Matthew J Memoli, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01646138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120077, 12-I-0077
Study First Received: July 18, 2012
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
H1N1
Influenza
Human
Challenge Study
Healthy Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014