Assessment of the Immunogenicity and Safety of a Dose-Sparing BioThrax® AVA Schedule

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01641991
First received: July 5, 2012
Last updated: June 27, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

A Phase IV, randomized, multicenter trial to assess the immunogenicity and safety of BioThrax® in varying dose regimens with the primary objective of obtaining information on possible dose-sparing strategies in the event of a major biothreat.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax)
Biological: BioThrax®
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Trial for the Assessment of Immunogenicity and Safety of Four Different Dosing Regimens of BioThrax® for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for Anthrax in Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The proportion of subjects with a four-fold or greater increase from baseline in toxin neutralization antibody assay (TNA) 50 percent Neutralization Factor ( NF50 ) antibody titer in each study arm [ Time Frame: Days 7, 14, 21, 28 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity: The GMC ELISA anti PA IgG antibody titer in each study arm at Days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. [ Time Frame: Days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety: The incidence and severity of injection site reactogenicity symptoms for eight days (Day 0-7) post each vaccination in each study arm [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 after each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Safety: The incidence of injection site reactogenicity symptoms (edema and erythema) with a size of greater than 120 millimeters (mm) in each study arm [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 after each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Immunogenicity: The TNA NF50 GMT antibody titer in each study arm at Days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. [ Time Frame: Days 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunogenicity: The peak geometric mean concentration (GMC) ELISA anti-PA IgG antibody titer in each study arm through Day 100. [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Day 100 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety: The incidence and severity of systemic symptoms for eight days (Day 0-7) post each vaccination in each study arm. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 after each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Immunogenicity: The proportion of subjects with a four-fold or greater increase from baseline in Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) antibody titer against the protective antigen (anti-PA IgG) in each study arm [ Time Frame: Days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 84 and 100. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunogenicity: The TNA NF50 peak geometric mean titer (GMT) antibody response in each study arm through Day 100. [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Day 100 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 328
Study Start Date: July 2012
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm A: 0.50mL BioThrax®
BioThrax® 0.50 ml subcutaneously on Days 0, 14, and 0.50mL BioThrax® intramuscular 6 month boost; 75 subjects
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® is a sterile, milky white suspension made from cell free filtrates of microaerophilic cultures of an avirulent, nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis, will be administered as a 0.50mL IM injection 6 month boost for all groups
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® will be administered as: Arm A: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 14; Arm B: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 28; Arm C: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28; Arm D: 0.25 mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28.
Experimental: Arm B: 0.50mL BioThrax®
BioThrax® 0.50mL subcutaneously on Days 0, 28 and 0.50mL BioThrax® intramuscular 6 month boost; 75 subjects
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® is a sterile, milky white suspension made from cell free filtrates of microaerophilic cultures of an avirulent, nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis, will be administered as a 0.50mL IM injection 6 month boost for all groups
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® will be administered as: Arm A: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 14; Arm B: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 28; Arm C: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28; Arm D: 0.25 mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28.
Experimental: Arm C: 0.50mL BioThrax®
BioThrax® 0.50mL subcutaneously on Days 0, 14, 28 and 0.50mL BioThrax® intramuscular 6 month boost; 75 subjects
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® is a sterile, milky white suspension made from cell free filtrates of microaerophilic cultures of an avirulent, nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis, will be administered as a 0.50mL IM injection 6 month boost for all groups
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® will be administered as: Arm A: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 14; Arm B: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 28; Arm C: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28; Arm D: 0.25 mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28.
Experimental: Arm D: 0.25mL BioThrax®
BioThrax® 0.25mL subcutaneously on Days 0,14, and 28,and 0.50mL BioThrax® intramuscular 6 month boost; 75 subjects
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® is a sterile, milky white suspension made from cell free filtrates of microaerophilic cultures of an avirulent, nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis, will be administered as a 0.50mL IM injection 6 month boost for all groups
Biological: BioThrax®
BioThrax® will be administered as: Arm A: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 14; Arm B: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0 and 28; Arm C: 0.50mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28; Arm D: 0.25 mL SC injection on Days 0, 14 and 28.

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase IV, randomized, open-label immunogenicity and safety study to evaluate four dosing regimens of BioThrax® for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) for anthrax. BioThrax® will be administered as a subcutaneous (SC) injection for the primary series and will be administered as an intramuscular (IM) injection for the boost. The four dosing regimens are: 0.50mL BioThrax® on Days 0, 14, and 6 month boost; 0.50mL BioThrax® on Days 0, 28 and 6 month boost; 0.50mL BioThrax® on Days 0, 14, 28 and 6 month boost and 0.25mL BioThrax® on Days 0, 14, and 28, 6 month boost with 0.50ml IM Approximately 300 subjects will be randomized 1:1:1:1 to one of the four study arms. Enrollment will be stratified by gender, with approximately equal numbers of males and females (18 through 65 years) enrolled into each dosing regimen. The Primary objective is to evaluate the immunogenicity of the four dosing regimens of BioThrax® using the Toxin Neutralization Assay (TNA). The secondary objective is to evaluate the safety of the four dosing regimens of BioThrax®.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject able to provide informed consent;
  • Female or male, 18 through 65 years of age, inclusive;
  • If the subject is female and of childbearing potential, she agrees to practice abstinence from sexual intercourse with men (vaginal penetration by a penis, coitus) or use acceptable contraception, initiated at least 30 days prior to the first study vaccination through 56 days after the 6 month boost vaccination in order to avoid pregnancy:

    1. A woman is considered of childbearing potential unless post-menopausal (>/= 1 year without menses) or surgically sterilized (tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy)
    2. Acceptable contraception methods are restricted to effective devices (IUDs, NuvaRing®) or licensed hormonal products with use of method for a minimum of 30 days prior to vaccination, condoms with spermicidal agents, monogamous relationship with a vasectomized partner who has been vasectomized for 6 months or more prior to study entry, or successful Essure placement with documented confirmation test at least 3 months after the procedure, and any other Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved contraceptive method
  • Be willing and able to return for all visits and blood collections for the duration of the study;
  • Be able to understand and comply with planned study procedures;
  • Agree to complete the memory aid and to report concomitant medications and Adverse Events during the study period.

Further clarification of inclusion/exclusion criteria:

Provided a subject meets all study inclusion criteria and none of the study exclusion criteria, the following conditions will not exclude the subject from study participation:

  • History of gestational diabetes;
  • Type II diabetes controlled with diet or oral hypoglycemic medications;
  • Treated, controlled, uncomplicated hypertension;
  • History of coronary artery disease, asymptomatic (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Function Class I), on a stable medical regimen. Persons meeting these criteria must be at least two years post-myocardial infarction, cardiac bypass surgery and/or percutaneous coronary interventions (e.g., angioplasty, stent placement) in order to qualify. Persons with a history of cardiac disease must be under the care of a physician;
  • Cured, non-metastatic cancer (excluding hematologic malignancies), disease-free for five years;
  • Localized skin cancer, resected (including squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas). Participants with a history of melanoma must be disease-free for five years;
  • Exercise-induced bronchospasm controlled with inhaled medication(s) only;
  • Mild asthma: Subjects who have not been hospitalized for asthma in the past two years and use only inhalers to control their symptoms will be eligible. Only low to medium doses of inhaled steroids, defined as </=3 puffs a day, are allowed. Persons who require oral or parenteral steroids will not be eligible.
  • Subjects with isolated entrapment neuropathies, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, or compression neuropathies, such as lumbar radiculopathy, that are not associated with systemic disease or immune dysfunction may be eligible for enrollment. If the subject's condition has been stable for six months, surgery is not planned for the condition, the neurologic examination is normal (specifically no weakness or paresthesias), and the mononeuropathy will not interfere with the assessment of reactogenicity, the subject is eligible.
  • Subjects with vitiligo who are otherwise healthy and the vitiligo is not widespread in the area of the vaccinations may be eligible for enrollment.
  • Subjects with seasonal allergies are eligible provided the dose of nasal steroids that are used is < 800µg/day.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a prior history of anthrax or immunization against anthrax;
  • Intend to enlist in the military during the study;
  • Have a known allergy to aluminum hydroxide, formaldehyde, benzethonium chloride, or latex;
  • (Females only) Be pregnant, plan to become pregnant at any time between the Screening Visit through 56 days after the 6 month boost vaccination, or refuse to use/not have used an acceptable method of birth control (see Inclusion Criterion 3) from 30 days prior to the first study vaccine dose through 56 days after the 6 month boost vaccination;
  • Have received experimental products within 30 days before study entry or plan to receive experimental products at any time during the study;
  • Have received a live vaccine within 30 days before study entry or plan to receive a live vaccine prior to Day 63 of the study or within 30 days of the 6 month boost;
  • Have received an inactivated vaccine within 14 days before study entry or plan to receive an inactivated vaccine from Day 0 to Day 42 or within 14 days of the 6 month boost;
  • Have received immunosuppressive therapy (including systemic steroids) within 3 months prior to study entry or plan to receive immunosuppressive therapy at any time during the study;
  • Have received cytotoxic therapy in the previous 5 years or plan to receive cytotoxic therapy at any time during the study;
  • Have received parenteral immunoglobulin or blood products within 3 months of the study or plan to receive parenteral immunoglobulin or blood products at any time during the study;
  • Have a history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome;
  • Have an active malignancy or history of metastatic or hematologic malignancy;
  • Have Type I diabetes or Type II diabetes treated with insulin;
  • Have cardiovascular disease (including any person with a history of cardiomyopathy or congestive heart failure);
  • Have moderate to severe asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other significant pulmonary disease;
  • Have hepatic or renal insufficiency;
  • Have an autoimmune, inflammatory, vasculitic or rheumatic disease including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyalgia rheumatica, rheumatoid arthritis or scleroderma;
  • Have HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection;
  • Have any other condition known to produce or be associated with immunosuppression;
  • Have neuropathy or any other evolving neurological condition;
  • Have an ongoing drug abuse/dependence (including alcohol) issues or a history of these issues within five years of enrollment;
  • Have a seizure disorder;
  • Have moderate or severe illness and/or an oral temperature >100.4 F within 3 days prior to vaccination;
  • Have a blood pressure, heart rate or respiratory rate of Grade 2 or higher;
  • Have any chronic condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with study evaluations or completion of the study;
  • Have a total White Blood Cell (WBC) count, Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC), hemoglobin or platelet count that is Grade 2 or higher;
  • Have a creatinine higher than the normal range;
  • Have an Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) of >/= 1.2 x Upper Limit of Normal;
  • Have a value higher than trace for glucose and/or protein on urinalysis;
  • Have a history of hospitalization for psychiatric illness, suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others, within the past 10 years. (Subjects with a psychiatric disorder [not meeting exclusion criteria, e.g. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder] that is controlled for a minimum of 3 months and the investigator has determined that the subject's mental status will not compromise the subject's ability to comply with protocol requirements may be enrolled);
  • Be taking any of the following psychiatric drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate;
  • Be taking more than one antidepressant drug not included in the list above (subjects taking only one antidepressant drug [not listed in excluded psychiatric drugs] who are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating are allowed enrollment into the study provided the investigator determines the subject's mental status will not compromise the subject's ability to comply with protocol requirements);
  • Have donated blood within 30 days of enrollment or plans to donate blood during the study.
  • Have a tattoo in the area of the vaccination sites which will interfere with the assessment of injection site reactogenicity.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01641991

Locations
United States, Georgia
Emory University School of Medicine - Emory Children's Center - Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Emory Children's Center - Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322-1014
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center - Infectious Diseases
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229-3026
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine - Molecular Virology and Microbiology
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-3411
United States, Washington
Group Health Research Institute - Seattle
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101-1466
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01641991     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-0024, N01AI80006C
Study First Received: July 5, 2012
Last Updated: June 27, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Bacillus anthracis, anthrax, vaccine, BioThrax®, dose-sparing

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anthrax
Bacillaceae Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014