Establish Taiwan Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative - a Three-year Pilot Study
Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be one of the most pressing problems facing all countries around the world as the population ages.AD is a slowly evolving process that likes begins years to decades before the clinical symptoms area manifest. However, as one would like to identify the disease process at an earlier point in the clinical continuum, the precision of the diagnosis is reduced. Therefore, the challenge is to try to identify the process at the pre-dementia stage and enhance the specificity of the clinical diagnosis through the use of imaging and other biomarkers. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents an attempt to characterize subjects at an early clinical phase of AD and subjects with MCI have been a target for prevention trials. There are two pathological landmarks, in terms of extra-cellular senile plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. Although present symptomatic treatments provide some benefit to patients with AD, they are not the solution for AD. Up to date, there are still no therapies can alter the underlying nature of the AD process. Therefore, the earlier the intervention takes place, presumably, the greater the protection against further neuronal damage will be appreciated.The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiate (ADNI) is a consortium of universities and medical centers in the United States and Canada established to develop standardized imaging techniques and biomarkers procedures in normal subjects, subjects with MCI and subjects with mild AD. ADNI has been a groundbreaking project, establishing pre-competitive collaboration and real-time data sharing among academia and industry investigators to clarify the relationships among demographic, genetic, clinical, cognitive, neuroimaging and biochemical measures throughout the course of AD neurobiology, in order to facilitate the development of effective therapeutics.This project has exceeded expectations, providing insights into disease mechanisms as well as hugely valuable advances, based primarily on the use of standardized biomarkers, to drug development programs. A number of the leading disease-modifying drug development programs are now employing ADNI methodology toward more efficient trial design, particularly in the critically important early (pre-dementia) AD population
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Establish Taiwan Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative - a Three-year Pilot Study|
- Rate of conversion from NC, EMCI, LMCI to AD. [ Time Frame: three years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This study will recruit a total of 200 evaluable subjects (50 cognitively normal volunteers, 100 MCI, and 50 AD, respectively) Each evaluable subject involved in this study must fulfill all the inclusion and exclusion criteria according the subject grouping.
Safety measurement will be evaluated by medical history, vital signs, physical examinations, laboratory examinations and collecting of adverse events.
Other Name: F18-AV45
- Normal subjects: MMSE scores between 24-30 (inclusive), a CDR of 0, non-depressed, non-MCI, and nondemented, education adjusted scores on Wechsler Memory Scale Logical Memory III story A delayed recall scores (education ≥16 years:≥9; 6-15 years: ≥5).
- EMCI subjects: MMSE scores between 24-30(inclusive), a memory complaint, have objective memory loss measured by education adjusted scores on Wechsler Memory Scale Logical Memory III story A delayed recall scores (education ≥16 years: 9-11; 6-15 years: 5-9), a CDR sum of box of 0.5 (0.5 only in memory subdomain), absence of significant levels of impairment in other cognitive domains, essentially preserved activities of daily living, and an absence of dementia.
- LMCI subjects: MMSE scores between 24-30(inclusive), a memory complaint, have objective memory loss measured by education adjusted scores on Wechsler Memory Scale Logical Memory III story A delayed recall scores (education ≥16 years: ≤8; 6-15 years: ≤4), a CDR of 0.5 with a mandatory requirement of the memory box score being 0.5 or greater, essentially preserved activities of daily living, and an absence of dementia.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01624389
|Contact: Tzu-Chen YEN, MD,PhD||03-3281200 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Kun-Ju Lin, MD||03-32811200 ext email@example.com|
|Taoyuan, Taiwan, 333|
|Contact: Kun-Ju Lin, MD 03-3281200 ext 2625 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Study Director:||Tzu-Chen YEN, MD,PhD||Nuclear Medicine|