The Value of the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria in Minor Head Trauma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nouira, University of Monastir
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01619943
First received: June 12, 2012
Last updated: June 13, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

The New Orleans Criteria (NOC) and the Canadian CT Head Rules (CCHR) have been developed to decrease the number of normal computed tomography (CT) in mild head injury (MHI). The aim is to compare the clinical performance of these 2 decision rules for indentifying patients with intracranial traumatic lesions and those who required an emergent neurosurgical intervention following MHI.


Condition Intervention
Minor Head Injury
Other: no intervention

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Prediction Value of the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria for Positive Head CT Scan and Acute Neurosurgical Procedures in Minor Head Trauma: a Multicenter External Validation Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Monastir:

Enrollment: 1600
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: November 2011
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Patients with minor head injury
MHI is defined as a blunt trauma to the head within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13 to 15 and at least one of the following: history of loss of consciousness, short-term memory deficit, amnesia for the traumatic event, post-traumatic seizure, vomiting, headache, external evidence of injury above the clavicles, confusion, and neurologic deficit.
Other: no intervention
clinical follow up
Other Name: clinical follow up
Other: no intervention
no intervention

Detailed Description:

A multicenter external validation study in 7 Tunisian teaching and non teaching hospitals including patients with MHI defined as a blunt trauma to the head within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13 to 15 and at least one of the following: history of loss of consciousness, short-term memory deficit, amnesia for the traumatic event, post-traumatic seizure, vomiting, headache, external evidence of injury above the clavicles, confusion, and neurologic deficit. Primary outcome was need for neurosurgical intervention defined as either death or craniotomy, or the need of endotracheal intubation within 30 days of the traumatic event. Secondary outcome was the presence of traumatic lesions on head CT scan. Comparaision of both decision rules using sensitivity specifications, positive and negative predictive value.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients with MHI defined as a blunt trauma to the head within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13 to 15 and at least one of the following: history of loss of consciousness, short-term memory deficit, amnesia for the traumatic event, post-traumatic seizure, vomiting, headache, external evidence of injury above the clavicles, confusion, and neurologic deficit.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with acute MHI was defined as a patient having a blunt trauma to the head within 24 hours with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 13 to 15 and at least 1 of the following risk factors: history of loss of consciousness, short-term memory deficit, amnesia for the traumatic event, post-traumatic seizure, vomiting, headache, external evidence of injury above the clavicles, confusion, and neurologic deficit.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients are excluded from the study if they are younger than 10 years, had GCS score of less than 13 or instable vital signs, came to the ED more than 24 hours after head trauma, were pregnant, were taking warfarin or had bleeding disorder, had an obvious penetrating skull injury or had contraindications for CT.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01619943

Locations
Tunisia
University Hospital of Monastir
Monastir, Monstir, Tunisia, 5000
Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital
Monastir, Tunisia, 5000
University hospital of Monastir
Monastir, Tunisia, 5000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Monastir
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nouira Semir, Prof Monastir Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Nouira, Professor, University of Monastir
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01619943     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Head injury
Study First Received: June 12, 2012
Last Updated: June 13, 2012
Health Authority: Tunisia: Ministry of Public Health

Keywords provided by University of Monastir:
Minor head injury
CT scan
Canadian CT Head Rules
The New Orleans Criteria

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Craniocerebral Trauma
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014