Comparative Effectiveness of Environmental Intervention and Standard Care in Ability to Reduce Pharmacologic Therapy for Asthma (ERA)
Exposure to household allergens is a major contributor to asthma symptoms. Aggressive measures to reduce household allergens has the potential to reduce asthma symptoms and the need for medications to control asthma. The investigators plan to enroll patients aged 6 and above into a single blind, randomized study comparing intensive environmental intervention with usual asthma care over a 48 week study period. All subjects will have asthma treatment optimized according to guideline based care. Subjects will be randomized to an aggressive environmental remediation arm versus distribution of written materials regarding allergen reduction ("usual care"). Primary outcome measure will be ability to reduce asthma step therapy. Secondary outcomes include measures of lung function, asthma biomarkers and quality of life.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Comparative Effectiveness of Environmental Intervention and Standard Care in Ability to Reduce Pharmacologic Therapy for Asthma.|
- Step down of medication [ Time Frame: V4-V7 (every two months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on subject's lung function and symptoms
- Change in allergen specific serum IgE levels [ Time Frame: Visit 3, Visit 5 and Visit 8 (approximately every 4 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Blood test
- Change in airway hyper-responsiveness [ Time Frame: Visit 1 and Visit 7 (initial visit and at month 10) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]As determined by Methacholine Challenge
- Fractional excretion of nitric oxide [ Time Frame: V3-V8 (every two months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Measured by Aerocrine Mino
- Asthma symptom score [ Time Frame: V3-V8 (every two months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Standardized questionnaire
- Asthma exacerbations [ Time Frame: Every visit (every two weeks for two months, then every two months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient reported outcome
- lung function [ Time Frame: Every visit (every month for two months, then every two months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]spirometry pulmonary function testing
|Study Start Date:||April 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Environmental Intervention
If randomized to this part of the study the patient will receive an individualized homebased program. In addition to general handouts provided to at Visit 3, subjects in this arm will also receive home-based education by Intervention Counselors about how indoor allergens can affect asthma and the importance of strategies for removing allergens. The goal of the intervention is to provide the patient with the knowledge and skills necessary to remove allergens from their home, and to assist them with those clean up measures. Some of the measures implemented will be specifically based on data we have previously collected from them in the clinic and from their previous home visit, while others will be general to reduce all allergen level.
Other: Environmental Intervention
Home-based environmental intervention
No Intervention: Control Group
If assigned to this group the patient will receive general health/safety related counseling. At the counselor visit following randomization, the patient will receive handouts related to general health and safety issues. They will also have visits by the Home Evaluators for assessment of the home and collection of dust samples identical to those in the treatment group (week 28 and week 44).
In individuals with atopic asthma who are being treated with inhaled corticosteroids with or without long acting beta agonists (1 of 6 possible steps of treatment), aggressive environmental intervention to reduce exposure to home allergens is more likely to lead to one step reduction in asthma controller therapy, improved asthma control and improved biomarkers of airway inflammation than is usual care.
Environmental exposure to indoor allergens is a major contributor to asthma impairment and risk, particularly among asthmatic patients residing in inner cities. The investigators plan a randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of individualized, comprehensive, multifaceted indoor allergen avoidance measures on ability to step down asthma controller therapy in adults and children greater than 6 years with mild to severe persistent asthma.
1. To determine via a randomized, controlled trial in allergen sensitized asthma patients whether environmental intervention aimed at reducing exposure to indoor allergens and irritants is more effective in reducing National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) step based therapy than usual care over a 48 week study period.
2a. To determine if environmental intervention leads to reduction in indoor allergen levels, allergen specific serum IgE levels, airway hyper-responsiveness, fractional excretion of nitric oxide, asthma symptom score, asthma exacerbations, treatment failures and improved lung function compared to usual care over a 48 week study period.
2b. (Exploratory): To determine if there is an association between reduction in allergen specific IgE level and reduction in NAEPP step level required for asthma control among subjects randomized to environmental intervention compared with usual care.
|United States, New York|
|Jacobi Medical Center|
|Bronx, New York, United States|
|Columbia Medical Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Emily DiMango, MD||Columbia University|