A Phase II Study of Lymphodepletion Followed by Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and High-Dose Adesleukin for Human Papillomavirus-Associated Cancers

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified January 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01585428
First received: April 24, 2012
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

Background:

- The human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause a number of cancers, including cervical and throat cancers. One experimental treatment for these cancers involves surgery to remove a piece or all of a tumor from one area of cancer. The white blood cells that are attacking the cancer are grown from the tumor in the laboratory then given back to the same patient to treat the remaining cancer. In this protocol the cells are given with the drug aldesleukin, which helps the cells stay alive and kill tumors.

Objectives:

- To see if white blood cells from the patient s own tumor given with aldesleukin is a safe and effective treatment for HPV-related cancer.

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 18 years and less than or equal to 66 years of age who have a type of cancer that is associated with HPV.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
  • Surgery or biopsy will be performed to obtain tumor from which to grow white blood cells. White blood cells will be grown from the tumor in the laboratory.
  • Participants will have leukapheresis to collect additional white blood cells.
  • Participants will have one week of chemotherapy to prepare their immune system to accept the white blood cells.
  • Participants will receive an infusion of their own white blood cells grown from tumor. They will also receive aldesleukin for up to five days to boost the immune system s response to the white blood cells. They will remain in the hospital until they have recovered from the treatment.
  • Participants will have frequent follow-up visits to monitor the outcome of the treatment.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cervical Cancer
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Vaginal Cancer
Anal Cancer
Penile Cancer
Drug: Fluderabine
Drug: Cycolphosphamide
Biological: Young TIL
Biological: Aldesleukin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Lymphodepletion Followed by Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and High-Dose Aldesleukin for Human Papillomavirus-Associated Cancers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the objective tumor response and duration [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To study immunologic correlates [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 73
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1 Drug: Fluderabine
25 mg/m2/day for 5 days
Drug: Cycolphosphamide
60 mg/kg/day for 2 days
Biological: Young TIL
Between 1x10(9) to 2x10(11) TIL
Biological: Aldesleukin
720,000 IU/kg IV every eight hours beginning within 24 hours of cell infusion and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum of 15 doses).

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated malignancies (cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and oropharyngeal) are incurable and poorly palliated by standard therapies.
  • Administration of autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) generated from resected metastatic melanoma can induce objective long-term tumor responses.
  • Young TIL can be generated from HPV-associated tumors.

Objectives:

  • To determine if autologous Young TIL infused in conjunction with high dose aldesleukin following a non-myeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen can mediate tumor regression in patients with metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent HPV-associated cancer.
  • To study immunologic correlates associated with Young TIL therapy for HPV-associated cancers.
  • To determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen.

Eligibility:

  • Patients greater than or equal to 18 years old with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent human papillomavirus-associated cancer.
  • Prior platinum-based chemotherapy is required.

Design:

  • Patients will undergo biopsy or resection to obtain tumor for generation of autologous TIL cultures and autologous cancer cell lines.
  • All patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day IV) on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine (25 mg/m2/day IV) on days -5 through -1.
  • On day 0 patients will receive between 1 times 10 (9) to 2 times 10(11) young TIL and then begin high dose aldesleukin (720,000 IU/kg IV every 8 hours for up to 15 doses).
  • Clinical and immunologic response will be evaluated about 4-6 weeks after TIL infusion.
  • Initially, 18 evaluable patients will be enrolled in two cohorts; patients iwth cervical cancer and those with non- cervical cancer. For each cohort, if 0 to 2 of the 18 patients experience a clinical response, then no further patients will be enrolled. If 3 or more of the first 18 evaluable patients enrolled have a clinical response, then accrual will continue until a total of 35 evaluable patients have been enrolled in each cohort. Up to 73 patients may be enrolled over approximately 3-4 years.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 66 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Measurable metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent malignancies that are high-risk HPV positive by in situ hybridization (ISH) or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or any cancer from the uterine cervix.
  2. All patients must have received prior platinum-based chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.
  3. Patients with 3 or less brain metastases are eligible. Note: If lesions are symptomatic or greater than or equal to 1 cm each, these lesions must have been treated and stable for 3 months for the patient to be eligible.
  4. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to age 66.
  5. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document
  6. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1.
  7. Life expectancy of greater than three months
  8. Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for up to four months after receiving the preparative regimen.
  9. Serology:

    • Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune-competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
    • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.
    • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus.
  10. Hematology

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm(3) without the support of filgrastim
    • WBC greater than or equal to 3000/mm(3)
    • Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dl
  11. Chemistry:

    • Serum ALT/AST less than or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl
    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert s Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl.
  12. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo).

Note: Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy treatment on the fetus or infant.
  2. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, as evidenced by a positive stress thallium or comparable test, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythimas, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.
  3. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease).
  4. Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities).
  5. Concurrent systemic steroid therapy.
  6. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  7. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms.
  8. Any patient known to have an LVEF less than or equal to 45%.
  9. Documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45% tested in patients with i) clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block or ii) age greater than or equal 60 years old.
  10. Documented FEV1 less than or equal to 60% of predicted tested in patients with i) a prolonged history of cigarette smoking (20pk/ year of smoking within the past 2 years) or ii) symptoms of respiratory dysfunction.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01585428

Contacts
Contact: Linda Williams, R.N. (866) 820-4505 linda_williams@nih.gov
Contact: Steven A Rosenberg, M.D. (301) 496-4164 sar@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact NCI/Surgery Branch Recruitment Center    866-820-4505    ncisbirc@mail.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Steven A Rosenberg, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01585428     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120116, 12-C-0116
Study First Received: April 24, 2012
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Immunotherapy
HPV-Associated Cancers
Cervical Cancer
Oropharyngeal Cancer
HPV Infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anus Diseases
Anus Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Vaginal Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Penile Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Vaginal Diseases
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 20, 2014