Trial record 15 of 31 for:    " February 15, 2012":" March 16, 2012"[FIRST-RECEIVED-DATE]AND HIV[CONDITION]

Testing and Linkage to Care for Injecting Drug Users in Kenya (TLC-IDU Kenya)

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2012 by New York University
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
New York University School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ann Kurth, New York University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01557998
First received: February 20, 2012
Last updated: March 16, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

Interventions for injecting drug users (IDUs) in sub-Saharan African have been almost entirely absent, despite the fact that in countries like Kenya they contribute a growing proportion of incident HIV infections. This study will leverage a historic decision in Kenya to launch needle exchange program (NSP) and related services for this most-at-risk population (MARP). The investigators will use this NSP/MARP platform to seek out IDUs, deliver rapid HIV testing, point of care CD4 count and link to ART using peer case managers, and evaluate community viral load impact using a stepped wedge cluster-randomized design. Lessons learned will have important applicability throughout sub-Saharan African.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infection
Behavioral: Point of Care CD4 count and peer case management

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Testing and Linkage to Care for IDUs in Kenya

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by New York University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Linkage to care and time to ART [ Time Frame: Data collection done in 5 waves separated by 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Use of rapid CD4 assays to reduce time from HIV diagnosis to ART initiation

  • Community viral load before and after the TLC-IDU initiation [ Time Frame: Data collection done in 5 waves separated by 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Community viral load will be ascertained by collecting specimens from randomly-selected HIV-positives at each of the NASCOP NSP-IDU service sites. This sampling will be done in waves over time, to document changes in infectivity (median viral load).

  • Retention in Care [ Time Frame: Data collection done in 5 waves separated by 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV-positives will receive prevention with positives (PwP) counseling and point of care CD4 counts. Those with CD4 <350/μL will be assigned a peer case manager to link the person to ART at study-participating HIV clinics, support ART and PwP adherence and care retention.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Modeling HIV transmission dynamics [ Time Frame: End of study (will occur in year 5 of the study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Conduct mathematical modeling to estimate community viral load in IDU injecting and sexual networks, and to assess potential population-level impact of the TLC-IDU intervention on Ro, numbers of infections averted, and quality-adjusted life expectancy.

  • Assess the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of the TLC-IDU model [ Time Frame: End of study (will occur in year 5 of the study) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The expectation is that utilizing MARP/NSP services will result in a reduction in median community viral load and in forward HIV transmission. Cost per quality adjusted life year saved and HIV infection averted will be favorable as compared with the alternative of no specific seek, test, treat and retain program directed to IDUs.


Estimated Enrollment: 4500
Study Start Date: March 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control
IDUs in the control arm will receive the behavioral survey, follow-up interviews, health education and training sessions on how to recruit peers, the rapid HIV test, and the point of care CD4 test but will not be assigned a peer case manager.
Experimental: CD4 and Peer Case Management
HIV-positives will receive prevention with positives (PwP) counseling and point of care CD4 counts. Those with CD4 <350/μL will be assigned a peer case manager to link the person to ART at study-participating HIV clinics, support ART and PwP adherence and care retention.
Behavioral: Point of Care CD4 count and peer case management
HIV-positives will receive prevention with positives (PwP) counseling and point of care CD4 counts. Those with CD4 <350/μL will be assigned a peer case manager to link the person to ART at study-participating HIV clinics, support ART and PwP adherence and care retention.

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

The intervention phase with stepped wedge rollout of TLC-IDU-MARP sites Inclusion Criteria:

  • subjects will be adults (≥18 year olds)
  • attend NSP/MARP service sites
  • live in Nairobi (Central Province) or coastal Mombasa (Coast Province including Malindi), Kenya
  • are IDUs that ever injected any non-prescribed drugs
  • are IDUs that have used any non-prescribed drugs within the past 12 months
  • for viral load testing, individuals must have tested HIV+ at least nine months previously

Exclusion Criteria:

  • subjects are not adults (<18 years old)
  • do not attend NSP/MRP sites
  • do not live in Nairobi (Central Province) or coastal Mombasa (Coast Province including Malindi), Kenya
  • are not IDUs
  • for viral load testing, individuals who tested HIV+ less than nine months previously
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01557998

Contacts
Contact: Ann Kurth, PhD, CNM 212-998-5316 akurth@nyu.edu
Contact: John Lizcano, MPH 646-763-2940 john.lizcano@nyu.edu

Locations
Kenya
National AIDS/STD Control Programme (NASCOP) Not yet recruiting
Nairobi, Kenya
Principal Investigator: Peter Cherutich, MBChB, MPH         
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York University
New York University School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ann Kurth, PhD, CNM New York University College of Nursing
Principal Investigator: Peter Cherutich, MBchB, MPH NASCOP, MoH Kenya
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ann Kurth, Professor, New York University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01557998     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R01DA032080
Study First Received: February 20, 2012
Last Updated: March 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
Kenya: Ethical Review Committee
Kenya: Data Safety and Management Board

Keywords provided by New York University:
Test and linkage to care
Injecting drug user (IDU)
Prevention with positives
ART adherence
point of care CD4 counts
Peer case management
Conditional cash transfer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014