Safety and Efficacy of Etoricoxib 30 mg Versus Celecoxib 200 mg in Korean Participants With Osteoarthritis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01554163
First received: March 12, 2012
Last updated: June 16, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to establish that etoricoxib 30 mg is safe and not inferior to celecoxib 200 mg in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis in Korean patients. Given that the efficacy of etoricoxib vs. placebo in the treatment of osteoarthritis has been established, and that prescription drugs, such as celecoxib, are available for the treatment of pain associated with osteoarthritis in Korea, it would be inappropriate to subject patients with a flare of osteoarthritic pain to the placebo treatment for 12 weeks, and thus the study is designed as an active-comparator study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Drug: Etoricoxib 30 mg
Drug: Celecoxib 200 mg
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, 12-Week, Randomized, Active-Comparator-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Double Blind Study in Korea to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Etoricoxib 30 mg Versus Celecoxib 200 mg in Patients With Osteoarthritis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time-Weighted Mean Change From Baseline in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) Pain Subscale [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC osteoarthritis scale consists of 24 items in 3 subscales: pain, stiffness, and physical function. The pain subscale rates participant pain during walking, using stairs, in bed, sitting or lying, and standing using a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0-100mm where 0 is the best possible level of pain and 100 is the highest level of pain. The pain subscale is calculated as the average of the responses to the 5 questions related to pain. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time-Weighted Mean Change From Baseline in the WOMAC Physical Function Subscale [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC osteoarthritis scale consists of 24 items in 3 subscales: pain, stiffness, and physical function. The physical function subscale rates participant pain during stair use, rising from sitting, standing, bending, walking, getting in/out of a car, shopping, putting on/taking off socks, rising from bed, lying in bed, getting in/out of the bath, sitting, getting on/off the toilet, heavy household duties, and light household duties using a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0-100mm where 0 is the best possible level of functioning and 100 is the highest level of functioning. The physical function subscale was calculated as the average of the responses to the 17 questions related to functional status. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.

  • Time-Weighted Mean Change From Baseline in the Participant Global Assessment of Disease Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Participant Global Assessmet of Disease was a one item questionnaire that asked participants to answer the following question, "Considering all the ways your arthritis affects you, mark (X) on the scale for how well you are doing." The questionnaire employed a 0-100 mm visual analog scale (VAS) to record participant responses, with 0 representing the best possible assessment and 100 representing the worst possible assessment. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.

  • Time-Weighted Mean Response in the Participant Global Assessment of Response to Therapy [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked to rate their global assessment of response to therapy on a Likert scale from 0 to 4, with 0 = excellent, 1 = good, 2 = fair, 3 = poor, 4 = none. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.

  • Time-Weighted Mean Change From Baseline in the Investigator Global Assessment of Disease Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Study investigators were asked to rate the global assessment of participant disease status on a Likert scale from 0 to 4, with 0 = very well, 1 = good, 2 = fair, 3 = poor and 4 = very poor. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.

  • Time-Weighted Mean Change From Baseline in the WOMAC Stiffness Subscale [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WOMAC osteoarthritis scale consists of 24 items in 3 subscales: pain, stiffness, and physical function. The stiffness subscale rates stiffness after first waking and later in the day using a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0-100mm where 0 is the best possible level of stiffness and 100 is the highest level of stiffness. The stiffness subscale is calculated as the average of the responses to the 2 questions related to stiffness. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.

  • Time-Weighted Mean Response on the Investigator Global Assessment of Response to Therapy [ Time Frame: Week 6, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Study investigators were asked to rate the global assessment of participant response to therapy on a Likert scale from 0 to 4, with 0 = excellent, 1 = good, 2 = fair, 3 = poor, 4 = none. The calculation of the time-weighted average was done by taking the time between adjacent observations divided by the time from the randomization visit to the last observation in the period of interest, and using it as the weight for computation of the average.


Enrollment: 239
Study Start Date: March 2012
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Etoricoxib 30 mg
Etoricoxib, 30 mg tablet, orally, once daily for 12 weeks.
Drug: Etoricoxib 30 mg
Etoricoxib 30 mg tablet once daily for 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • MK-0663
  • Arcoxia
Active Comparator: Celecoxib 200 mg
Celecoxib, 200 mg capsule, orally, once daily for 12 weeks.
Drug: Celecoxib 200 mg
Celecoxib 200 mg once daily for 12 weeks
Other Names:
  • Celebrex
  • Celebra

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is at least 40 years of age
  • Clinical diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee for greater than 6 months based on clinical and radiographic criteria
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study enrollment and must agree to remain abstinent, and use barrier, intramuscular, or implanted contraceptives from Visit 1 until 28 days after the last dose of study medication.
  • Patient is of American Rheumatism Association (ARA) functional Class I, II, or III
  • Patient is willing to limit alcohol intake to 2 or less drinks per day during study and the follow-up period
  • Patient is willing to avoid unaccustomed physical activity for the duration of the study and follow-up period
  • With the exception of osteoarthritis, the patient is judged to be in good general health based on medical history, physical exam, and routine laboratory tests
  • Patient is able to read, understand and complete study questionnaires, including questions requiring a visual analog scale (VAS) response
  • Patient provides written informed consent for the trial
  • For prior non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) users only, the patient has a history of positive therapeutic benefit with NSAIDs and has taken an NSAID prior to study enrollment and at a therapeutic dose level prior to study enrollment (Visit 1)
  • For prior NSAID users only, the patient assessment of Pain Walking on a Flat Surface (WOMAC Section A, Question1) at Visit 1 (prestudy) is less than 80 mm (100 mm VAS)
  • For prior NSAID users only, prior to randomization, and following discontinuation of NSAIDs during the washout period specified patients must satisfy the following 3 flare criteria: Minimum of 40 mm on patient reported Pain Walking on a Flat Surface (WOMAC Section A, Question 1); Increase of 15 mm on patient reported Pain Walking on a Flat Surface (WOMAC Section A, Question 1) compared to prestudy baseline recorded at Visit 1; and A worsening in Investigator Global Assessment of Disease Status of at least 1 category on a 5 category scale compared to Visit 1 recording
  • For prior acetaminophen/paracetamol users only, patient has taken acetaminophen/paracetamol on a regular basis prior to study enrollment (Visit 1) and does not use NSAIDs for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
  • For prior acetominophen/paracetamol users only, at both Visits 1 and 2, patients must satisfy all of the following 3 criteria: Minimum of 40 mm on patient reported Pain Walking on a Flat Surface (WOMAC Section A, Question 1); Investigator Global Assessment of Disease Status as fair, poor, or very poor; and Minimum of 40 mm on Patient Global Assessment of Disease Status (100 mm

VAS)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has a concurrent medical/arthritic disease that could confound or interfere with evaluation of efficacy
  • Patient is legally incompetent (e.g., a minor or mentally incapacitated), or has active psychosis, or significant emotional problems at the time of the study which in the view of the investigator are sufficient to interfere with the conduct of the study
  • Patient has a history of gastric or biliary surgery (including gastric bypass surgery), or small intestine surgery that causes clinical malabsorption
  • Patient is allergic to, or has a history of a significant clinical or laboratory adverse experience associated with etoricoxib or celecoxib or any of their constituents
  • Patient is allergic to acetaminophen/paracetamol, or has hypersensitivity (e.g., bronchoconstriction in association with nasal polyps) to aspirin or NSAIDs
  • Patient has an estimated glomerular filtration rate is less than or equal to 30 ml/min
  • Patient has Class II-IV congestive heart failure
  • Patient has established ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral vascular disease
  • Patient has uncontrolled hypertension with an diastolic exclusionary limit of > 90 mm Hg and a systolic exclusionary limit of > 140 mm Hg
  • Patient has moderate or severe hepatic insufficiency defined as Child Pugh score > 6
  • Patient has a history of neoplastic disease
  • Patient has a history of any illness, which in the opinion of the investigator, might confound the results of the study or pose additional risk to the patient
  • Patient is, at the time of signing informed consent, a user of recreational or illicit drugs or has had a recent history (within the last 5 years) of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence
  • Patients considered morbidly obese with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m^2
  • Patient has new use (within 2 weeks of Visit 1 and during the entire duration of the study and follow-up period) of physical medicine modalities involving the study joint, including but not limited to: physical therapy, chiropractic interventions, acupuncture, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS), and ultrasound
  • Patient is expected to undergo surgery involving the study joint during the course of the study
  • Patients taking oral contraceptives
  • Patients using intra-articular steroids or hyaluronic acid injections to the study knee or other immunosuppressant medication within 3 months of Visit 1
  • Patients using intravenous, intramuscular, or oral corticosteroids, intra-articular steroids or hyaluronic acid injections to any joint other than the study joint within 1 month of Visit 1
  • Patients using topical or systemic analgesic medications within 3 days of Visit 1 and throughout the duration of the study
  • Patients using non-study NSAID or cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) specific inhibitor during the study treatment period, with the exception of low-dose aspirin (≤ 325 mg/day)
  • Patients receiving a Chinese traditional arthritis treatment within 1 week of Visit 1
  • Patients with clinically significant abnormalities on Visit 1 clinical examination or laboratory safety tests. Serum transaminases should be ≤ 150% of the upper limit of normal
  • Patients currently participating in or has participated in a study with an

investigational drug or device within 4 weeks of signing informed consent

  • Patients with an active peptic ulcer or a history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patients with a personal or family history of an inherited or acquired bleeding
  • Patients that are pregnant or breast-feeding, or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01554163

Locations
Korea, Republic of
MSD Korea Ltd.
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 121-705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01554163     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0663-112
Study First Received: March 12, 2012
Results First Received: September 25, 2013
Last Updated: June 16, 2014
Health Authority: Korea: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Osteoarthritis
Celecoxib
Etoricoxib

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Celecoxib
Etoricoxib
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Central Nervous System Agents
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014