Exercise and Pain Sensitivity in Knee Osteoarthritis
A commonly administered conservative non-pharmacological treatment for OA is exercise, with beneficial effects in terms of reduced pain and disability.
While the link between exercise and reduced disability is mediated by e.g. increased muscle strength and endurance, the analgesic mechanisms related to exercise are unexplored. knee OA patients have both peripheral and central sensitization of pain mechanisms resulting in hyperalgesia. Thus, targeted pain treatment in these patients may focus on both peripheral and central mechanisms but it unknown if exercise affects either of these mechanisms.
It is hypothesized that in knee OA patients exercise reduces the pain sensitivity
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Exercise and Changes in Pain Sensitivity in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis|
- Change from baseline in mechanical pain sensitivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pain thresholds and temporal summation of pain
- Change from baseline in proinflammatory cytokines and biomarkers of cartilage breakdown in blood and urine [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change from baseline in patient reported pain and function [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]KOOS questionnaire
- Change from baseline in functional pain test [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pain is assessed during continuous tradmill walking at self-selected pace for 20 minutes.
- Change from baseline in imaged based quantification of inflammation in the knee [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Contrast enhanced MRI imaging used to quantify inflammation (DYNAMICA software)
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Exercise training supervised by trained physiotherapists lasting 60 minutes performed 3 times/week.
Physiotherapy supervised exercise training. 60 minutes 3 times per week
Other Name: Exercise training
|No Intervention: Control|
|The Parker Institute, Dept of rheumatology, Frederiksberg hospital|
|Copenhagen, Denmark, 2000 F|
|Principal Investigator:||Marius Henriksen, PhD||The Parker Institute, Frederiksberg Hospital|