Effectiveness of a Structured Physical Rehabilitation Program for Chinese Patients With Depressive Disorders

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2012 by Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Kwai Chung Hospital, Hong Kong
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Lau Mo Yee Polly, Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01536756
First received: February 10, 2012
Last updated: February 23, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

Evidence shows that depression was found to be associated with physical inactivity and on the other hand, high prevalence of depression was also found in patients with chronic pain. Structured physical rehabilitation program with exercises as main component and pain management provided by physiotherapy has been proved by overseas studies to be effective in reducing the psychological symptoms of depression through increasing the physical fitness and relieving the pain. Literatures also reported a strong sociocultural influence on the prevalence of depression and the manifestations of their clinical signs and symptoms in patients suffered from mental health problems between Chinese and Western societies. The benefits of physical rehabilitation program in the management of depression cannot be assumed in the Chinese population. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a structured "Physical Rehabilitation Program" for Chinese patients diagnosed with depressive disorder (mild to severe severity) on the physical fitness and negative psychological symptoms of the recruited patients.

The Hypothesis are:

  1. The Physical Rehabilitation Program is effective in improving the physical fitness in Chinese patients with depressive disorders.
  2. The Physical Rehabilitation Program is effective in alleviating the negative psychological symptoms in Chinese patients with depressive disorders.

Condition Intervention
Depressive Disorders
Other: Exercise Intervention -- Physical Rehabilitation Program
Other: Wait List Control Group

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Blind Randomized Controlled Study Investigating the Effectiveness of a Structured Physical Rehabilitation Program on the Physical Fitness and Negative Psychological Symptoms for Chinese Patients With Mild to Severe Depressive Disorders

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in Body Composition at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Body Mass Index & Percentage of Body Fat

  • Change from Baseline in Flexibility at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Sit and Reach Flexibility

  • Change from Baseline in Muscle Strength at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Hand Grip Strength & Quadriceps Strength

  • Change from Baseline in Muscular Endurance at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    One-Minute Sit-up Count

  • Change from Baseline in Cardiovascular Endurance at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Maximal Oxygen Consumption

  • Change from Baseline in Physical Functioning at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    pain interference score of Brief Pain Inventory- Chinese version


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in Depression, Anxiety and Stress at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Depression Anxiety Stress Scale - 21 - Chinese Version

  • Change from Baseline in Depression at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Hamilton Depression Rating Scale- Chinese version

  • Change from Baseline in Self-esteem at 3 months and 12 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale- Chinese version


Estimated Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: February 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Exercise Intervention -- Physical Rehabilitation Program Other: Exercise Intervention -- Physical Rehabilitation Program
The intervention group will participate in a "Physical Rehabilitation Program" which includes a 60-minute training session at a frequency of 3 times a week over a total of 12-week duration. The training session consists of 45 minutes of warm-up stretching and circuit training. This includes 3 stations of aerobic exercises for physical work up of different body parts, and 3 stations of strengthening exercises of major muscles groups at 3 sets of 10 repetitions. The final 15-minute training session will be the cooling down exercise with emphasis on stress management incorporating mindful breathing, stretching and body awareness exercise.
No Intervention: Wait List Control Group Other: Wait List Control Group
The subjects of the control group will be asked to maintain their usual activities while awaiting for the physical rehabilitation program at the 12-week waiting time. They will be allowed to receive any other usual medical services including social services and psychotherapy but not physiotherapy services. At the end of the 3rd month, the control group will be recruited into the Physical Rehabilitation Program. Patients in the control group will then join in as the intervention group and follow the intervention and assessment protocol.

Detailed Description:

Eighty-four Chinese patients who are diagnosed as depressive disorders with age between 18 and 64 years old, fulfilling the inclusion criteria (stated at the attached study proposal) will be recruited for a 12-week physical rehabilitation program with forty-two patients for the intervention group (n=42) and equal sample size for the control group (patient put on the waiting list for the Physical Rehabilitation Program). All patients will be allocated to either the intervention group or control group by computer generated block randomization with block size of 6 persons using StatsDirect Software, version 2.7.8. The subjects of the control group will be asked to maintain their usual activities while awaiting for the physical rehabilitation program at the 12-week waiting time. They will be allowed to receive any other usual medical services including social services and psychotherapy but not physiotherapy services. At the end of the 3rd month, the control group will be recruited into the Physical Rehabilitation Program. Patients in the control group will then join in as the intervention group and follow the intervention and assessment protocol. All the patients will be instructed not to disclose their grouping to the assessor. Sub-group analysis will be conducted for further in-depth analysis of the subjects in the intervention group having clinical manifestations of pain interference as triage by the 7 items in Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) - short form - Chinese version. Outcome measures on the physical and mental domains will be conducted: at baseline (T1-before commencement of program), end of the 3rd month (T2-end of program for intervention group; end of the waiting time of control group), 12 months (T3-one year long term follow-up for the intervention group). Validity and reliability of all the adopted outcome measures were reported in medical literatures. There is no reported harmful effect on all interventions and there is no pain or discomfort for all of the testing procedures. Physical outcome measures include body composition (body mass index, percentage of body fat); flexibility (sit and reach flexibility); muscular endurance (1-minute sit-up count); muscle strength (hand grip strength, isometric quadriceps strength); cardiovascular endurance (maximal oxygen consumption) and physical functioning (Brief Pain Inventory- Chinese version). Mental outcome measures include depression, anxiety & stress (Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21) - Chinese version); depression (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale- Chinese version) and self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale- Chinese version). The findings will serve as pilot program for rolling out of the services for Chinese patients with depressive disorders to other clusters / hospital and reference base for future territory-wide profile study on this clientele and randomized controlled trials.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ages between 18 and 64 Chinese adults with diagnosed depressive disorders of mild to severe severity (Diagnostic code: F32.0 to F33.9 under International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision) as referred from the Department of Psychiatry of Kowloon Hospital or Kwai Chung Hospital;
  2. Able to read, write and understand Chinese;
  3. Mentally capable of making written consent for participation of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unstable medical and/or psychological states such as suicidal risk and aggressive impulses, or severe cognitive, language, or hearing deficits;
  2. Orthopaedic problems or other diseases which limit physical fitness assessment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01536756

Contacts
Contact: Mo Yee P Lau, DHSc 852-31296051 pmylau@ha.org.hk
Contact: Mei Wa R Chau, DHSc 852-31297123 chaumw@ha.org.hk

Locations
China
Physiotherapy Department, Kowloon Hospital Recruiting
Hong Kong, China
Contact: Mo Yee P Lau, DHSc    852-31296051    pmylau@ha.org.hk   
Principal Investigator: Mo Yee P Lau, DHSc         
Sub-Investigator: Man Kin R Ng, MBChB, MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Wai Kiu A Tsang, MBBS         
Sub-Investigator: Kong Man Ng, MBChB, MSSc         
Sub-Investigator: Chun Ting Chan, MBBS         
Sub-Investigator: Mei Wa R Chau, DHSc         
Sub-Investigator: Mei Yuk M Cheung Lam, MSSc         
Sub-Investigator: Lai Wah F Tang, MSSc         
Sub-Investigator: Yuk King P Lo, MHSc         
Sub-Investigator: Wai Leung P Lau, MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Sui Hing F Chan, BSc         
Physiotherapy Department, Kwai Chung Hospital Not yet recruiting
Hong Kong, China
Contact: Wing Yee M Tung Lau, MSc    852-29588253    lauwym@ha.org.hk   
Sub-Investigator: Hoi Shuen Z Yu, MBBS         
Sub-Investigator: Wing Yee M Tung Lau, MSc         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong
Kwai Chung Hospital, Hong Kong
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mo Yee P Lau, DHSc Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Lau Mo Yee Polly, Cluster Manager (Physiotherapy), Kowloon Central Cluster, Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01536756     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KH-KCH-PSY-RCT
Study First Received: February 10, 2012
Last Updated: February 23, 2012
Health Authority: Hong Kong: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Kowloon Hospital, Hong Kong:
Depressive disorder
exercise
pain
physical
psychological
Chinese
mild to severe depressive disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Depression
Disease
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014