Effect of LEGALON SIL on Hepatitis C Virus Recurrence in Stable Liver Transplanted Patients (LEG-SIL-LTX-02)

This study has been terminated.
(when a blind review highlighted that at least 43% of patients had a virological response)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rottapharm
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01518933
First received: January 23, 2012
Last updated: October 30, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease is the most common indication for liver transplantation (LT). However, LT does not cure the infection, and therapeutic strategies resulted in very limited efficacy and tolerability in LT recipients. In view of its postulated safety profile, Silibinin seems an ideal drug to be used in the setting of HCV recurrent patients after liver transplantation.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C Virus Recurrence
Drug: Silibinin (Legalon-SIL)
Drug: Saline
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of LEGALON SIL for the Treatment of HCV Recurrence in Stable Liver Transplanted Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rottapharm:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Viral load [ Time Frame: 30 days after the beginning of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the effect of post-transplant treatment with Legalon SIL on HCV viral load 30 days after the beginning of treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Viral load and lymphocyte activation [ Time Frame: 1 year after the beginning of the treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the effect of post-transplant treatment with Legalon SIL on HCV viral load and lymphocyte activation one year after the beginning of treatment.

  • Fibrosis [ Time Frame: 1 year after the beginning of the treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the effect of post-transplant treatment with Legalon SIL on fibrosis and functional state.

  • Safety [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine the safety and tolerability of post-transplant treatment with Legalon SIL, including evaluation of its effect on the levels of immunomodulators.


Estimated Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: August 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Silibilin (Legalon-SIL)
20 mg/kg Silibinin (Legalon SIL) ,as per randomization schedule, will be administered daily as a 2-h infusion for 14 days.
Drug: Silibinin (Legalon-SIL)
20 mg/kg Silibinin (Legalon SIL), as per randomization schedule, will be administered daily as a 2-h infusion for 14 days.
Other Names:
  • Legalon-SIL
  • SHS
Placebo Comparator: Saline
Placebo (saline), as per randomization schedule, will be administered daily as a 2-h infusion for 14 days.
Drug: Saline
Placebo
Other Name: Placebo (saline), as per randomization schedule, will be administered daily as a 2-h infusion for 14 days

Detailed Description:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease continues to be the most common indication for liver transplantation (LT) in both the United States and Europe. However, LT does not cure the infection, and re-infection of the liver allograft universally occurs. Recurrent HCV hepatitis often follows an accelerated course after LT, and histological recurrence occurs in approximately 50% of patients within 1 year after LT; 15-30% of them develop cirrhosis within 5 years. In this context, a peculiar feature is represented by the rapid course of liver fibrosis. Therapeutic strategies for managing the primary cause of liver damage, i.e. HCV infection, irrespective of application in pre-, peri-, and/or post-LT periods resulted in very limited efficacy and tolerability in LT recipients.

In view of its postulated safety profile, Silibinin seems an ideal drug to be used in the setting of HCV recurrent patients after liver transplantation.

Silibinin, a flavonolignan representing the main component (60%) of Silymarin and proposed as an anti-hepatotoxic agent for the treatment of various liver diseases has been recently reported to beneficially modulate the pro-fibrogenic potential of HSC, thus representing a very attractive possibility in the transplanted population. Besides the anti-inflammatory properties, Silibinin is able to inhibit Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). This is a proinflammatory cytokine with a major role in both acute and chronic viral, bacterial and fungal infections.

The primary objective is to determine the effect of post-transplant treatment with Legalon SIL on HCV viral load 30 days after the beginning of treatment.

44 stable liver transplanted patients with HCV recurrence will be randomized 3:1 to receive Legalon-SIL or Placebo. Randomized patients will be treated for 14 consecutive days with Legalon-SIL or Placebo. Patients dropping-out before the end of treatment period will be replaced.

Patients will be followed up for 1 year to monitor the effect of treatment on liver fibrosis, liver functional state, lymphocyte activation, and viral load.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must provide signed and dated informed consent before undergoing any trial related procedure.
  • Males or females aged ≥ 18 and ≤ 70.
  • Patients with HCV recurrent chronic hepatitis after liver transplantation, not responding to treatment with peginterferon/ribavirin (i.e. the so called standard of care, SOC).
  • Stable (≥ 1 year) liver transplanted patients with HCV recurrence (as indicated by positive serum HCV-RNA, increase in transaminases, signs of graft damage according to HCV recurrence and/or presence of liver fibrosis as assessed by Fibroscan).
  • Patients without biochemical, clinical and/or histological suspicion of rejection.
  • Patients must be able to communicate, participate and comply with the requirements of the entire study.
  • Female patients of child-bearing potential must agree on using a contraceptive method (oral contraceptive, intra-uterine device [IUD], transdermal contraceptive patch) and must have a negative pregnancy test at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with active hepatocellular carcinoma or other neoplasia (excluding cutaneous carcinoma in view of the high prevalence in the transplanted population).
  • Patients with active biliary tract anomalies.
  • Patients with a rejection episode in the 6 months preceding study inclusion.
  • Patients on active interferon treatment.
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Patients with clinically significant laboratory abnormalities at screening.
  • Patients with creatinine clearance < 50 ml.
  • Patients with any abnormality on physical examination, vital signs (sitting systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg, sitting diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mmHg and pulse greater than 80 bpm) and ECG, unless these abnormalities are judged to be not clinically significant by the Investigator (a note about this must be made on the electronic Case Report Form - e-CRF).
  • Patients taking any concomitant medication that is not allowed and that cannot be discontinued for the entire study period.
  • Patients who are already taking other investigational drugs/treatments or have taken part in a clinical study within the previous 3 months or 5 half lives (whichever is longer).
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the test materials or related compounds.
  • Patients with a history of drug, alcohol or other substance abuse or other factors limiting their ability to co-operate during the study.
  • Patients not available to attend all the test days and investigations as foreseen by the protocol, or unable to understand the aim, procedure or possible hazards of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01518933

Locations
Italy
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico Consorziale
Bari, Italy, 70124
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rottapharm
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alfredo Di Leo, MD Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico Consorziale - Bari
  More Information

No publications provided by Rottapharm

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Rottapharm
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01518933     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LEG-SIL-LTX-02
Study First Received: January 23, 2012
Last Updated: October 30, 2012
Health Authority: Italy: The Italian Medicines Agency

Keywords provided by Rottapharm:
HCV recurrence
stable liver transplanted patients

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Recurrence
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Silymarin
Silybin
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014