A Pilot Study of the Effect of Dietary Fat Type and Amount on Vitamin D3 Absorption (MUFA/PUFA)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tufts University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01508845
First received: January 9, 2012
Last updated: July 18, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

This study will examine whether the amount and type of fat, mono-unsaturated fat (MUFA) vs. poly-unsaturated fat (PUFA), in a meal affects the absorption of vitamin D, which is taken after that meal. The study hypothesis is that vitamin D3 absorption will be greater when fat is present vs. absent in the meal. A secondary hypothesis is that vitamin D3 absorption will be greater in the presence of a meal with a high MUFA/PUFA compared with a low MUFA/PUFA ratio.


Condition Intervention
Vitamin D Deficiency
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Bio-availability Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of the Effect of Dietary Fat Type and Amount on Vitamin D3 Absorption

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Tufts University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The rate of vitamin D3 absorption after consuming meals with 3 different ratios of MUFA/PUFA content. [ Time Frame: 10, 12 and 14 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The association between changes in plasma D3 and fatty acid profiles, specifically MUFAs. [ Time Frame: 10, 12 and 14 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: January 2012
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: High MUFA/PUFA, 1600 IU vitamin D3
Subjects will receive 3 meals (1 day) with a high MUFA/PUFA ratio (20g/5g), along with 800 IU of vitamin D3 and 800 IU of deuterated vitamin D3
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
800 IU vitamin D3, 1 dose; 800 IU deuterated vitamin D3, 1 dose
Other Name: vitamin D3
Active Comparator: High MUFA/PUFA, 50,800 IU vitamin D3
Subjects will receive 3 meals (1 day) with a high MUFA/PUFA ratio (20g/5g), along with 50,000 IU of vitamin D3 and 800 IU of deuterated vitamin D3
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
50,000 IU vitamin D3, 1 dose; 800 IU deuterated vitamin D3, 1 dose
Other Name: vitamin D3
Active Comparator: Low MUFA/PUFA, 50,800 IU vitamin D3
Subjects will receive 3 meals (1 day) with a low MUFA/PUFA ratio (5g/20g), along with 50,000 IU of vitamin D3 and 800 IU of deuterated vitamin D3
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
50,000 IU vitamin D3, 1 dose; 800 IU vitamin D3, 1 dose
Other Name: vitamin D3
Active Comparator: Fat free meal, 50,800 IU vitamin D3
Subjects will receive 3 fat-free meals (1 day) and 50,000 IU vitamin D3 and 800 IU of deuterated vitamin D3
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
50,000 IU vitamin D3, 1 dose; 800 IU deuterated vitamin D3, 1 dose
Other Name: vitamin D3

Detailed Description:

There is evidence that vitamin D has a favorable effect on bone and muscle. Many adults have low blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and consequently, vitamin D supplements are being widely recommended. The effect of a meal on the absorption of vitamin D is poorly understood. This single blind study will examine whether the amount and type of fat in the meal with which vitamin D is taken influences its absorption. Vitamin D dissolves in fat and so dietary fat may affect its absorption; moreover the type of fat with respect to mono- and poly-unsaturation may also influence absorption. This study should increase our understanding of how best to take vitamin D in order to achieve maximal absorption. Up to 65 healthy older men and women with 25OHDlevels in the insufficient range will be enrolled in order to get 60 completers in this 1-day study. They will randomized to one of three meal groups: high MUFA/PUFA (n=30), low MUFA/PUFA (n=15), or fat-free (n=15). Those in the high MUFA/PUFA group will also be randomized to a single dose of either 1,600 or 50,800 IU of vitamin D. All participants in the other two groups will receive the 50,800 IU dose. They will consume only the three meals provided during the study day. In the morning they will come to the Center for a blood draw, to consume their breakfast meal, and to take their assigned dose of vitamin D (part of which is labeled with the non-radioactive tracer, deuterium to enable direct assessment of vitamin D absorption). They will also complete questionnaires about their diet and health and have a DXA total body scan. They will be given a boxed lunch to eat at noon. They will return to HNRCA for blood draws at 6:00, 8:00, and 10:00 pm. They will have dinner at HNRCA after the 6:00 pm blood draw. They finish the study after the final blood draw. Participants who receive the higher dose of vitamin D, 50,800 IU, will be asked not to take more than 400 IU of vitamin D or 1000 mg per day of supplemental calcium or attend tanning salons for the month after completing the study, in order to minimize any risk of symptoms from the vitamin D. Blood draws include screening visit 20 cc, morning visit 15 cc, and three evening blood draws of 15, 15, and 15 cc, respectively, total 80 cc.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Caucasian men and women age 50 years and older
  • Women must be at least 1 year since last menses
  • Subjects must agree not to attend a tanning salon or increase their sun exposure between the screening and final study visits and, for those in the higher vitamin D dose group (50,800 IU), for one month after they have completed the study.
  • Subjects must agree not to take more than 400 IU of vitamin D (the amount in most multivitamins) or 1000 mg of calcium per day as their own supplements between the screening and final study visits and, for those in the higher vitamin D dose group (50,800 IU), for one month after completing the study (Note: no supplemental calcium or vitamin D is allowed on the study day.
  • Screening serum 25OHD of 25 to 29.5 ng/ml
  • Screening BMI 20 to 29.5 kg/m2
  • Screening plasma triglyceride concentrations below 150 mg/dL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes with fasting blood sugar >140 mg/dl
  • GFR < 30 ml/min calculated from serum creatinine with use of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation [7]
  • Screening fasting spot urinary calcium:creatinine ratio (Ca:Cr) > 0.325 (corresponding to a 24-hr urine calcium of 350 mg)
  • Screening serum calcium exceeding upper normal limit (reference range 8.3 -10.2 mg/dl)
  • Other abnormalities in screening labs, at the discretion of the study physician (PI)
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Malabsorption, Crohn's disease
  • Subjects with disorders of bone and mineral metabolism
  • Kidney stones - in the last 3 years
  • Evidence of chronic liver disease, including alcoholism
  • Cancer treatment in the last year (except basal cell carcinoma) or terminal illness
  • Use of lipid lowering medications, plant sterols, fish oil, or flaxseed oil
  • Treatment in the last 6 months with estrogen, raloxifene, calcitonin, or testosterone (vaginal estrogen okay)
  • Treatment in the last year with teriparatide or denosumab
  • Treatment in the last 2 years with bisphosphonates
  • Oral corticosteroid therapy for over 3 weeks within the last 6 months
  • Anticonvulsant therapy
  • High dose thiazide therapy (>37.5 mg per day)
  • Allergy to egg
  • Non-English speaking subjects (The food frequency questionnaire to be used in this study has not been validated in other languages. Thus, their diet data would not be able to be included in the analyses. As such, it is inappropriate to expose non-English speaking participants to the study risks, however small, when their data will not contribute to the study results.)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01508845

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tufts University
Pfizer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bess Dawson-Hughes, M.D. Tufts Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Tufts University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01508845     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2730
Study First Received: January 9, 2012
Last Updated: July 18, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Tufts University:
vitamin D
vitamin D absorption
vitamin D deficiency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vitamin D Deficiency
Avitaminosis
Deficiency Diseases
Malnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Vitamins
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferols
Cholecalciferol
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Bone Density Conservation Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014